2017年教师招聘考试《小学英语》真题精选三

题量:41题
题型:问答题, 填空题, 不定项选择题

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1 多选题 1分

根据下面资料,回答题
I′ve often wondered how exactly sleep, or lack of it, can have such an awful effect on our bodies and, guess what, how much we sleep switches good genes on and bad genes off.
In the first half of 2013, the Sleep Research Centre at the University of Surrey found a direct link between hours spent sleeping and genes. Every cell in our bodies carries genetic instructions in our DNA that act as a kind of operating handbook. However, each cell only "reads" the part of this handbook it needs at any given moment.
Can sleep affect how a gene reads instructions It′s a question asked by Professor Derk-Jan Dijk at the University of Surrey. He set up an experiment and asked his volunteers to spend a week sleeping around seven and a half hours to eight hours a night and the next sleeping six and a half to seven hours.
Blood samples were taken each week to compare which genes in blood cells were being used during the long and short nights. The results were rather surprising. Several hundred genes changed in the amount they were being used, including some that are linked to heart disease, cancer, and Type 2 diabetes. Genes to do with cell repair and replacement were used much less.
Sleep restriction (six and a half to seven hours a night) changed 380 genes. Of these,220 genes were down regulated (their power was reduced), while 160 were up regulated (their power was increased). Those affected included body-clock genes which are linked to diabetes. One of the most downgraded genes is that which has a role in controlling insulin and is linked to diabetes and insomnia. The most upgraded gene is linked to heart disease.
So changing sleep by tiny amounts can upgrade or downgrade genes that can influence our health and the diseases we suffer from when we sleep too little.
The important message is that getting close to eight hours of sleep a night can make a dramatic difference to our health in just a few days through the way it looks after our genes.

What kind of relation is directly discussed in the passage 查看材料

  • A.Sleeping hours and changes of genes.
  • B.Sleeping hours and diseases.
  • C.Changes of genes and diseases.
  • D.Genes and health.
2 多选题 1分

根据下面资料,回答题
I′ve often wondered how exactly sleep, or lack of it, can have such an awful effect on our bodies and, guess what, how much we sleep switches good genes on and bad genes off.
In the first half of 2013, the Sleep Research Centre at the University of Surrey found a direct link between hours spent sleeping and genes. Every cell in our bodies carries genetic instructions in our DNA that act as a kind of operating handbook. However, each cell only "reads" the part of this handbook it needs at any given moment.
Can sleep affect how a gene reads instructions It′s a question asked by Professor Derk-Jan Dijk at the University of Surrey. He set up an experiment and asked his volunteers to spend a week sleeping around seven and a half hours to eight hours a night and the next sleeping six and a half to seven hours.
Blood samples were taken each week to compare which genes in blood cells were being used during the long and short nights. The results were rather surprising. Several hundred genes changed in the amount they were being used, including some that are linked to heart disease, cancer, and Type 2 diabetes. Genes to do with cell repair and replacement were used much less.
Sleep restriction (six and a half to seven hours a night) changed 380 genes. Of these,220 genes were down regulated (their power was reduced), while 160 were up regulated (their power was increased). Those affected included body-clock genes which are linked to diabetes. One of the most downgraded genes is that which has a role in controlling insulin and is linked to diabetes and insomnia. The most upgraded gene is linked to heart disease.
So changing sleep by tiny amounts can upgrade or downgrade genes that can influence our health and the diseases we suffer from when we sleep too little.
The important message is that getting close to eight hours of sleep a night can make a dramatic difference to our health in just a few days through the way it looks after our genes.

Which of the following may be concluded from the passage 查看材料

  • A.The experiment was performed at the University of Surrey in early 2013.
  • B.Body-clock genes are associated with heart disease, cancer and Type 2 diabetes.
  • C.Sleep restrictions may contribute to disease like diabetes, insomnia, and heart diseas
  • D.7.5-8 hours' sleep pattern makes little difference compared with 6.5-7 hours' sleep pattern.
3 多选题 1分

根据下面资料,回答题
In New York, Ma Yun witnessed the Alibaba Group opening on the New York stock exchange with the largest initial public offering (IPO, 新股发行) in American history. "Alibaba, the world′s largest Internet commerce company makes China equal to the US in the rapidly increasing global competition for technological innovation and economic transformation" commented the South China Morning Post.
It has also made Ma China′s richest man with a fortune of around $25 billion (153 billion yuan), reported Reuters.
It′ s reported that Ma′ s rags-to-riches journey is just as spectacular as his Internet Empire. Ma failed the national college entrance exams twice before he was finally in Hangzhou Normal University on his third attempt and failed in finding a suitable job several times. Also, Mr. Ma is a big believer in perseverance, which was proved in his English study experience.
However, it was his vision and goals that launched his career.
During a short trip to the US as an interpreter in 1995, Ma first experienced the Internet. He believed in the Internet’s business potential when few other Chinese people did. He started Alibaba in his Hangzhou apartment, with 17 friends and $60,000 of funds. At the time, when e-commerce was unheard of in China, "I called myself a blind man riding on the back of blind tigers," he once said, according to The Guardian. His unusual ideas earned him the nickname "Crazy Jack Ma".
Indeed, Ma is different. Although he is very thin and about 160cm tall, "Ma is yet animated and forceful," said The Guardian. "He is funny, creative, and a compelling speaker."
Ma told Time magazine that he was "old for the Internet".He started to slow down and looked around. According to The Wall Street Journal, Ma "plans to open a tai chi club with the actor Jet Li, build an entrepreneur university in Hangzhou and continue to work on several environmental projects."

What made him into e-commerce industry 查看材料

  • A.His English learning experienc
  • B.His foresight and ambitions.
  • C.His belief in perseveranc
  • D.His 17 friends and $60,000 funds.
4 多选题 1分

根据下面资料,回答题
German Prime Minister Otto Von Bismarck may be most famous for his 11 and diplomatic talent, but his contributions to the society include many of today′s social insurance programs. During the middle of the 19th century, Germany, along with other European nations, 12 an unusual outbreak of workplace deaths and accidents as a result of growing 13 . Motivated in part by Christian sympathy for the helpless as well as a practical political impulse to get the created of the socialist labor movement, Bismarck 14 the world′ s first worker′ s compensation law in 1884.
By 1908, the United States was the 15 industrial nation in the world that lacked workers′ compensation insurance. American′s injured workers could seek compensation in a court of law, but they still faced a number of tough legal barriers. 16 , employees had to prove that their injuries directly 17 employer′s lack of care and they themselves were ignorant about potential danger in the workplace. The first state workers′ compensation law in this country passed in 1911, and the program soon 18 throughout the nation.
After World War II, benefit payments to American workers did not 19 the cost of living. In fact, real benefit levels were lower in the 1970s than they were in the 1940s, and in most states the maximum benefit was below the poverty level for a family of four. In 1970, President Richard Nixon set up a national commission to study the problems of workers′ compensation. Two years later, the commission issued 19 key recommendations, 20 one that called for increasing compensation benefit levels to 100 percent of the states′ average weekly wages.

  • A.experimented
  • B.explored
  • C.experienced
  • D.excluded
5 多选题 1分

根据下面资料,回答题
German Prime Minister Otto Von Bismarck may be most famous for his 11 and diplomatic talent, but his contributions to the society include many of today′s social insurance programs. During the middle of the 19th century, Germany, along with other European nations, 12 an unusual outbreak of workplace deaths and accidents as a result of growing 13 . Motivated in part by Christian sympathy for the helpless as well as a practical political impulse to get the created of the socialist labor movement, Bismarck 14 the world′ s first worker′ s compensation law in 1884.
By 1908, the United States was the 15 industrial nation in the world that lacked workers′ compensation insurance. American′s injured workers could seek compensation in a court of law, but they still faced a number of tough legal barriers. 16 , employees had to prove that their injuries directly 17 employer′s lack of care and they themselves were ignorant about potential danger in the workplace. The first state workers′ compensation law in this country passed in 1911, and the program soon 18 throughout the nation.
After World War II, benefit payments to American workers did not 19 the cost of living. In fact, real benefit levels were lower in the 1970s than they were in the 1940s, and in most states the maximum benefit was below the poverty level for a family of four. In 1970, President Richard Nixon set up a national commission to study the problems of workers′ compensation. Two years later, the commission issued 19 key recommendations, 20 one that called for increasing compensation benefit levels to 100 percent of the states′ average weekly wages.

  • A.discovered
  • B.created
  • C.uncovered
  • D.revealed