综合类

考试试题

[多选题]共用题干 Sport or Spectacle?Muhammad Aui is probably the most famous sports figure on earth:he is recognized on every continent and by all generations. The__________(51)of his illness as Parkinson's disease after his retirement fuelled the debate about the dangers of boxing and criticism__________(52)the sport. That,plus his outspoken opposition___________(53)women's boxing,made people wonder how he would react when one of his daugh- ters decided to____________(54)up the sport.His presence at Laila's first professional fight,however,seemed to broadcast a father's support.Of course Muhammad Aui wanted to___________(55)his daughter fight.The ring announcer introduced him as the"the greatest"and as he sat down at the ringside the crowd chanted.Twenty-one-year-old Laila's debut fight(首次亮相)was a huge success and there was as much publicity for the___________(56)as her father's fights once attracted Laila's opponent was much weaker than she was and__________(57)the fight lasted just 31 seconds.Since then, Laila has won most of her fights by knoc-king out her opponent"She knows ______ (58)she's doing,"said one referee about her."She knowsabout moving well.You can see some of her dad's moves."Laila Ali would rather not_________ (59)herself to her father. She prefers to make. __________(60). Her father supports her decision to enter the sport but he has not spared her the details of what can happen. Laila__________(61)that her father wants her to understand the worst possible scenario to see_________(62) she still wants to go forward with it.She knows she's going to get hit hard at times,that she may get a broken nose or a swollen(肿胀的)face , but at least she is prepared for it.Laila's decision to start boxing despite her father's__________(63)with the symptoms of Parkinson's disease has of course sparked a mixture of praise and__________(64).But Laila is a determined individual and it is her famous last name that has made her a magnet for worldwide media attention.Of course,the ___________(65)on the boxing scene of a woman with her family history attracts even more questions about whether women's boxing is sport or spectacle. _________(54)
[多选题]共用题干 Mau Piailug,Ocean NavigatorMau sailed from Hawaii to Tahiti using traditional methods.In early 1976,Mau Piailug,a fisherman,led an expedition in which he sailed a traditional Polynesian boat across 2,500 miles of ocean from Hawaii to Tahiti.The Polynesian Voyaging Society had organised the expe-dition. Its purpose was to find out if seafarers(海员)in the distant past could have found their way from one island to the other without navigational instruments,or whether the islands had been populated by accident. At the time,Mau was the only man alive who knew how to navigate just by observing the stars,the wind and the sea.He had never before sailed to Tahiti,which was a long way to the south.However,he understood how the wind and the sea behave around islands,so he was confident he could find his way.The voyage took him and his crew a month to complete and he did it without a compass or charts.His grandfather began the task of teaching him how to navigate when he was still a baby.He showed him pools of water on the beach to teach him how the behaviour of the waves and wind changed in different places.Later,Mau used a circle of stones to memorise the positions of the stars.Each stone was laid out in the sand to represent a star.The voyage proved that Hawaii's first inhabitants came in small boats and navigated by reading the sea and the stars.Mau himself became a keen teacher,passing on his traditional secrets to people of other cul-tures so that his knowledge would not be lost.He explained the positions of the stars to his students,but he allowed them to write things down because he knew they would never be able to rememnber everything as he had done. Man was familiar with the sea around Tahiti.
[多选题]共用题干 Even Intelligent People Can Fail1 The striking thing about the innovators who succeeded in making our modern world is how often they failed.Turn on a light,take a photograph,watch TV,search the Web,jet across the Pacific Ocean, talk on a celiphone(手机).The innovators who left us these things had to find the way to success through a maze(错综复杂)of wrong turns.2 We have just celebrated the 125th anniversary of American innovator Thomas Edison's success in heating a thin line to white-hot heat for 14 hours in his lab in New Jersey, U.S.He did that on October 22,1879,and followed up a month later by keeping a thread of common cardboard alight(点亮着的)in an airless space for 45 hours.Three years later he went on to light up half a square mile of downtown Manhattan,even though only one of the six power plants in his design worked when he turned it on,on September 4,1882.3 "Many of life's failures,"the supreme innovator said,"are people who did not realizehow close they were to success when they gave up."Before that magical moment in October 1879,Edison had worked out no fewer than 3,000 theories about electric light,but in only two cases did his experiments work.4 No one likes failure,but the smart innovators learn from it.Mark Gumz,the head of the camera maker Olympus America Inc,attributes some of the company's successes in technology to understanding failure.His popular phrase is:"You only fail when you quit."5 Over two centuries,the most common quality of the innovators has been persistence.That is another way of saying they had the emotional ability to keep up what they were doing.Walt Disney,the founder of Disneyland,was so broke after a succession of financial failures that he was left shoeless in his office because he could not afford the U.S.$1.50 to get his shoes from the repair shop.Pioneering car maker Henry Ford failed with one company and was forced out of another before he developed the Model T car.6 Failure is harder to bear in today's open,accelerated world.Hardly any innovation works the first time.But an impatient society and the media want instant success.When American music and movie master David Geffen had a difficult time,a critic said nastily that the only difference between Geffen Records(Geffen's company)and the Titanic(the ship that went down)was that the Titanic had better music.Actually,it wasn't.After four years of losses, Geffen had so many hits(成功的作品)he could afford a ship as big as the Titanic all to himself. Paragraph 3_________
[多选题]共用题干 Are You a Successful Leader?1 Almost nothing we do in this world is done in isolation.At work or at play,you'll find yourself in groups,working with other people:your team at work,a meeting with colleagues,your family,a holiday with friends,a group of students working together,a day out walking in the mountains,a group of neighbours want- ing to make changes.It is now recognized that being able to work successfully with other people is one of the major keys to success,partly because we need to do it so often.2 In almost every situation where you're in a group,you will need a skilled leader. All groups need leaders and all successful groups have good leaders.Groups without leaders or with weak leaders almost always break down.Members of a leaderless group often begin to feel dissatisfied and frustrated.Time is wasted and the tasks are not achieved.There are often arguments and tensions between people as there is nobody to keep the goals clear. Some personalities dominate and others disappear. Often group members begin not to come to meetings in order to avoid more disharmony.3 Some people are natural leaders.The celebrity chef,Antonio Carluccio says,"True leaders are bornand you can spot them in kitchens."They're people who combine toughness,fairness and humour. Although a lot of people agree that there are somne natural-born leaders,most people now recognize that leadership can also be taught.Our professional and experienced staff can train almost anyone how to be a successful leader. Good leaders don't make people do things in a bossy,controlling way.You can learn how to involve everyone, encouraging the whole group to work towards a comnmon goal.4 Our training courses use activities and techniques to develop a range of qualities which are necessary to be a good leader. Self-confidence is vital and being able to overcome your own fears about being a leader. Successful leaders also need to be calm and intelligent.They need to be able to work out good strategies and make sound judgements under pressure.Lastly,and probably most importantly,good leaders need to be sensi- tive,sociable and be able to get on with a wide range of people.Good leadership is essentially the ability to influence others and good leaders allow all members of the group to contribute. Paragraph 3___________
[多选题]共用题干 Are You a Successful Leader?1 Almost nothing we do in this world is done in isolation.At work or at play,you'll find yourself in groups,working with other people:your team at work,a meeting with colleagues,your family,a holiday with friends,a group of students working together,a day out walking in the mountains,a group of neighbours want- ing to make changes.It is now recognized that being able to work successfully with other people is one of the major keys to success,partly because we need to do it so often.2 In almost every situation where you're in a group,you will need a skilled leader. All groups need leaders and all successful groups have good leaders.Groups without leaders or with weak leaders almost always break down.Members of a leaderless group often begin to feel dissatisfied and frustrated.Time is wasted and the tasks are not achieved.There are often arguments and tensions between people as there is nobody to keep the goals clear. Some personalities dominate and others disappear. Often group members begin not to come to meetings in order to avoid more disharmony.3 Some people are natural leaders.The celebrity chef,Antonio Carluccio says,"True leaders are bornand you can spot them in kitchens."They're people who combine toughness,fairness and humour. Although a lot of people agree that there are somne natural-born leaders,most people now recognize that leadership can also be taught.Our professional and experienced staff can train almost anyone how to be a successful leader. Good leaders don't make people do things in a bossy,controlling way.You can learn how to involve everyone, encouraging the whole group to work towards a comnmon goal.4 Our training courses use activities and techniques to develop a range of qualities which are necessary to be a good leader. Self-confidence is vital and being able to overcome your own fears about being a leader. Successful leaders also need to be calm and intelligent.They need to be able to work out good strategies and make sound judgements under pressure.Lastly,and probably most importantly,good leaders need to be sensi- tive,sociable and be able to get on with a wide range of people.Good leadership is essentially the ability to influence others and good leaders allow all members of the group to contribute. Paragraph 2 ___________
[多选题]共用题干 Can Mobile Phones Cause Disease?1 "Mobile phone killed my man,"screamed one headline last year.Also came claimsthat an unpublished study had found that mobile phones cause memory loss.And a Britishnewspaper devoted its front page to a picture supposedly(假定地)showing how mobilephones heat the brain.2 For anyone who uses a mobile phone,these are worrying times.But speak to the scientists whose work is the focus of these scares and you will hear a different story.According to them, there is no evidence that mobile phones cause cancer or any other illness in people.3 What we do have,however, are some results suggesting that mobile phones' emissions have a variety of strange effects on living tissue that can't be explained by thegeneral radiation biology.And it's only when the questions raised by these experiments are answered that we'll be able to say for sure what mobile phones might be doing to the head.4 One of the odd effects comes from the now famous"memory loss" study.Alan Preeceand his colleagues at the University of Bristol placed a device that imitated the microwave emissions of mobile phones to the left ear of volunteers.The volunteers were just as good at recalling words and pictures they had been shown on a computer screen whether or notthe device was switched on.Preece says he still can't comment on the Effects of using a mobile phone for years on end.But he rules out the suggestion that mobile phones have an immediate effect on our cognitive abilities." I'm pretty sure there is no effect on short-termmemory,"he says.5 Another expert,Tattersall,remarked that his latest findings have removed fears about memory loss.One result, for instance, suggests that nerve cell synapses(突触) exposed to microwaves become more一rather than less一receptive(感受的)to undergoing changes linked to memory formation.6 Hopefully,microwaves might turn out to be good for you.It sounds crazy,but a couple of years ago a team led by William Adey at the Veterans Affairs Medical Center in California found that mice exposed to microwaves for two hours a day were less likely to develop brain tumours when given a cancer-causing chemical. Paragraph 2_________
[多选题]共用题干 Traffic Jams一No End in Sight1 Traffic congestion(拥堵)affects people throughout the world. Traffic jams cause smog in dozens of cities across both the developed and developing world. In the U. S.,commuters(通勤人员)spend an average of a full working week each year sitting in traffic jams,according to the Texas Transportation Institu-te.While alternative ways of getting around are available,most people still choose their cars because they are looking for convenience,comfort and privacy.2 The most promising technique for reducing city traffic is called congestion pricing,whereby cities charge a toll to enter certain parts of town at certain times of day.In theory,if the toll is high enough,some drivers will cancel their trips or go by bus or train.And in practice it seems to work:Singapore,London and Stockholm have reduced traffic and pollution in city centres thanks to congestion pricing.3 Another way to reduce rush-hour traffic is for employers to implement flexitime,which lets employees travel to and from work at off-peak traffic times to avoid the rush hour. Those who have to travel during busy times can do their part by sharing cars.Employers can also allow more staff to telecommute(work from home)so as to keep more cars off the road altogether.4 Some urban planners still believe that the best way to ease traffic congestion is to build more roads, especially roads that can take drivers around or over crowded city streets.But such techniques do not really keep cars off the road;they only accommodate more of them.5 Other,more forward-thinking,planners know that more and more drivers and cars are taking to the roads every day,and they are unwilling to encourage more private automobiles when public transport is so much better both for people and the environment.For this reason,the American government has decided to spend some$7 billion on helping to increase capacity on public-transport systems and upgrade them with more efficient technologies.But environmentalists complain that such funding is tiny compared with the$50 billion being spent on roads and bridges. Paragraph 1_________
[多选题]共用题干 Even Intelligent People Can Fail1 The striking thing about the innovators who succeeded in making our modern world is how often they failed.Turn on a light,take a photograph,watch TV,search the Web,jet across the Pacific Ocean, talk on a celiphone(手机).The innovators who left us these things had to find the way to success through a maze(错综复杂)of wrong turns.2 We have just celebrated the 125th anniversary of American innovator Thomas Edison's success in heating a thin line to white-hot heat for 14 hours in his lab in New Jersey, U.S.He did that on October 22,1879,and followed up a month later by keeping a thread of common cardboard alight(点亮着的)in an airless space for 45 hours.Three years later he went on to light up half a square mile of downtown Manhattan,even though only one of the six power plants in his design worked when he turned it on,on September 4,1882.3 "Many of life's failures,"the supreme innovator said,"are people who did not realizehow close they were to success when they gave up."Before that magical moment in October 1879,Edison had worked out no fewer than 3,000 theories about electric light,but in only two cases did his experiments work.4 No one likes failure,but the smart innovators learn from it.Mark Gumz,the head of the camera maker Olympus America Inc,attributes some of the company's successes in technology to understanding failure.His popular phrase is:"You only fail when you quit."5 Over two centuries,the most common quality of the innovators has been persistence.That is another way of saying they had the emotional ability to keep up what they were doing.Walt Disney,the founder of Disneyland,was so broke after a succession of financial failures that he was left shoeless in his office because he could not afford the U.S.$1.50 to get his shoes from the repair shop.Pioneering car maker Henry Ford failed with one company and was forced out of another before he developed the Model T car.6 Failure is harder to bear in today's open,accelerated world.Hardly any innovation works the first time.But an impatient society and the media want instant success.When American music and movie master David Geffen had a difficult time,a critic said nastily that the only difference between Geffen Records(Geffen's company)and the Titanic(the ship that went down)was that the Titanic had better music.Actually,it wasn't.After four years of losses, Geffen had so many hits(成功的作品)he could afford a ship as big as the Titanic all to himself. Paragraph 5__________
[多选题]共用题干 Traffic Jams一No End in Sight1 Traffic congestion(拥堵)affects people throughout the world. Traffic jams cause smog in dozens of cities across both the developed and developing world. In the U. S.,commuters(通勤人员)spend an average of a full working week each year sitting in traffic jams,according to the Texas Transportation Institu-te.While alternative ways of getting around are available,most people still choose their cars because they are looking for convenience,comfort and privacy.2 The most promising technique for reducing city traffic is called congestion pricing,whereby cities charge a toll to enter certain parts of town at certain times of day.In theory,if the toll is high enough,some drivers will cancel their trips or go by bus or train.And in practice it seems to work:Singapore,London and Stockholm have reduced traffic and pollution in city centres thanks to congestion pricing.3 Another way to reduce rush-hour traffic is for employers to implement flexitime,which lets employees travel to and from work at off-peak traffic times to avoid the rush hour. Those who have to travel during busy times can do their part by sharing cars.Employers can also allow more staff to telecommute(work from home)so as to keep more cars off the road altogether.4 Some urban planners still believe that the best way to ease traffic congestion is to build more roads, especially roads that can take drivers around or over crowded city streets.But such techniques do not really keep cars off the road;they only accommodate more of them.5 Other,more forward-thinking,planners know that more and more drivers and cars are taking to the roads every day,and they are unwilling to encourage more private automobiles when public transport is so much better both for people and the environment.For this reason,the American government has decided to spend some$7 billion on helping to increase capacity on public-transport systems and upgrade them with more efficient technologies.But environmentalists complain that such funding is tiny compared with the$50 billion being spent on roads and bridges. Paragraph 2_________
[多选题]共用题干 Things to Know about the UK1 From Buckingham Palace to Oxford, the UK is loaded with wonderlul icons (标志)of past eras.But it has also modernized with confidence.It's now better known for vibrant(充满活力的)cities with great nightlife and attraction.Fashions, fine dining, clubbing, shopping一the UK is among the world's best.2 Most people have strong preconceptions about the British.But if you're one of these people,you'd be wise to abandon those ideas.Visit a nightclub in one of the big cities,a football match,or a good local pub and you might more readily describe the English people as humorous and hospitable.It's certainly true that no other country in the world has more bird-watchers,sports supporters,pet owners and gardeners than the UK.3 Getting around England is pretty easy.Budget(廉价的)airlines like Easyjet and Rynnair fly domestically.Trains can deliver you very efficiently from one major city to another.Longdistance express buses are called coaches.Where coaches and buses run on the same route,coaches are more expensive(though quicker)than buses.London's famous black cabs are excellent but expensive.Minicabs are cheaper competitors, with freelance(个体的)drivers.But usually you need to give a call first.London's underground is called the Tube.It's very convenient and can get you to almost any part of the city.4 The UK is not famous for its food.But you still need to know some of the traditional English foods.The most famous must be fish and chips.The fish and chips are deep fried in flour.English breakfast is something you need to try.It is fried bacon,sausages,fried eggs,black pudding,fried tomatoes,fried bread and baked beans,with toast and a pot of tea.Other things like shepherd's pie and Yorkshire pudding are also well-known as a part of English food culture.5 Pubbing and clubbing are the main forms of English nightlife, especially for the young.Pubbing means going to a pub with friends,having drinks,and chatting.Clubbing is different from pubbing and includes going to a pub,or a place of music,or a bar,or any other places to gather with friends.Clubbing can be found everywhere.Usually there is some kind of dress code for clubbing,such as no jeans,no sportswear,or smart clubwear, while pubbing is much more casual. Paragraph 3__________
[多选题]共用题干 Sport or Spectacle?Muhammad Aui is probably the most famous sports figure on earth:he is recognized on every continent and by all generations. The__________(51)of his illness as Parkinson's disease after his retirement fuelled the debate about the dangers of boxing and criticism__________(52)the sport. That,plus his outspoken opposition___________(53)women's boxing,made people wonder how he would react when one of his daugh- ters decided to____________(54)up the sport.His presence at Laila's first professional fight,however,seemed to broadcast a father's support.Of course Muhammad Aui wanted to___________(55)his daughter fight.The ring announcer introduced him as the"the greatest"and as he sat down at the ringside the crowd chanted.Twenty-one-year-old Laila's debut fight(首次亮相)was a huge success and there was as much publicity for the___________(56)as her father's fights once attracted Laila's opponent was much weaker than she was and__________(57)the fight lasted just 31 seconds.Since then, Laila has won most of her fights by knoc-king out her opponent"She knows ______ (58)she's doing,"said one referee about her."She knowsabout moving well.You can see some of her dad's moves."Laila Ali would rather not_________ (59)herself to her father. She prefers to make. __________(60). Her father supports her decision to enter the sport but he has not spared her the details of what can happen. Laila__________(61)that her father wants her to understand the worst possible scenario to see_________(62) she still wants to go forward with it.She knows she's going to get hit hard at times,that she may get a broken nose or a swollen(肿胀的)face , but at least she is prepared for it.Laila's decision to start boxing despite her father's__________(63)with the symptoms of Parkinson's disease has of course sparked a mixture of praise and__________(64).But Laila is a determined individual and it is her famous last name that has made her a magnet for worldwide media attention.Of course,the ___________(65)on the boxing scene of a woman with her family history attracts even more questions about whether women's boxing is sport or spectacle. _________(62)
[多选题]共用题干 Sport or Spectacle?Muhammad Aui is probably the most famous sports figure on earth:he is recognized on every continent and by all generations. The__________(51)of his illness as Parkinson's disease after his retirement fuelled the debate about the dangers of boxing and criticism__________(52)the sport. That,plus his outspoken opposition___________(53)women's boxing,made people wonder how he would react when one of his daugh- ters decided to____________(54)up the sport.His presence at Laila's first professional fight,however,seemed to broadcast a father's support.Of course Muhammad Aui wanted to___________(55)his daughter fight.The ring announcer introduced him as the"the greatest"and as he sat down at the ringside the crowd chanted.Twenty-one-year-old Laila's debut fight(首次亮相)was a huge success and there was as much publicity for the___________(56)as her father's fights once attracted Laila's opponent was much weaker than she was and__________(57)the fight lasted just 31 seconds.Since then, Laila has won most of her fights by knoc-king out her opponent"She knows ______ (58)she's doing,"said one referee about her."She knowsabout moving well.You can see some of her dad's moves."Laila Ali would rather not_________ (59)herself to her father. She prefers to make. __________(60). Her father supports her decision to enter the sport but he has not spared her the details of what can happen. Laila__________(61)that her father wants her to understand the worst possible scenario to see_________(62) she still wants to go forward with it.She knows she's going to get hit hard at times,that she may get a broken nose or a swollen(肿胀的)face , but at least she is prepared for it.Laila's decision to start boxing despite her father's__________(63)with the symptoms of Parkinson's disease has of course sparked a mixture of praise and__________(64).But Laila is a determined individual and it is her famous last name that has made her a magnet for worldwide media attention.Of course,the ___________(65)on the boxing scene of a woman with her family history attracts even more questions about whether women's boxing is sport or spectacle. _________(63)
[多选题]共用题干 Flying Into HistoryWhen you turn on the television or read a magazine , celebrities(名人)are everywhere. Although fameand the media play such major roles in our lives today,it has not always been that way._________(46) Many historians agree that Charles Lindbergh was one of the first major celebrities or superstars.Lindbergh was born in Detroit,Michigan,in 1902,but he grew up in Little Falls,Minnesota. As a childhe was very interested in how things worked,so when he reached college,he pursued a degree in engineer- ing. At the age of 20,however,the allure(诱惑)of flying captured Lindbergh's imagination.________(47)Soon after, Lindbergh bought his own plane and traveled across the nation performing aerial stunts(空中 特技).In 1924,Lindbergh became more serious about flying. He joined the United States military and graduated firstin his pilot class.__________ (48)During the same time ,a wealthy hotel owner named Raymond Orteig was offering a generous award tothe first pilot who could fly nonstop from New York City to Paris,France.The Orteig Prize was worth $25 ,000一 a large amount even by today's standards.Lindbergh knew he had the skills to complete the flight,but not just any plane was capable of flyingthat far for that long.___________(49) On May 20,1927,Charles Lindbergh took off from Roosevelt Field in New York City and arrived thenext day at an airstrip(简易机场)outside Paris. Named in honor of the sponsor, the Spirit of St. Louis carried Lindbergh across the Atlantic Ocean and into the record books.He became a national hero and a huge celebrity. When he returned to the United States, Lindbergh rode in a ticker-tape(热烈的)parade held to cele- brate his accomplishment.__________(50)A very popular dance was even named for Charles Lindbergh一 the Lindy Hop.Today,the Spirit of St.Louis is kept at the Smithsonian institute's National Air and Space Museum in Washington,D.C. __________(50)
[多选题]共用题干 Travel Across AfricaFor six hours we shot through the barren(荒芜的)landscape of the Karoo desert in South Africa. Just rocks and sand and baking sun.Knowing our journey was ending,Daniel and I just wanted to remember all we had seen and done.He used a camera. I used words.I had already finished three notebooks and was into the fourth,a beautiful leather notebook I'd bought in a market in Mozambique.Southern Africa was full of stories and visions.We were almost drunk in sensations.The roaring of the water at Victoria Falls,the impossible silence of the Okavango Delta in Botswana.And then the other things:dogs in the streets,whole families in Soweto living in one room,a kilometre from clean water.As we drove towards the setting sun,a quietness fell over us.The road was empty-we hadn't seen another car for hours.And as I drove,something caught my eye,something moving close enough to touch them,to smell their hot breath.I didn't know how long they had been there next to us.I shouted to Dan:"Look!"But he was in a deep sleep,his camera lying useless by his feet.They raced the car for a few seconds,then disappeared far behind us,a memory of heroic forms in the red landscape. When Daniel woke up an hour later I told him what had happened."Wild horses?"he said."Why didn't you wake me up,Sophia?""I tried.But they were gone after a few seconds.""Are you sure you didn't dream it?""You were the one who was sleeping!""Typical,"he said."The best photos are the ones we never take."We checked into a dusty hotel and slept the sleep of the dead. The horses didn't come near the car.
[多选题]共用题干 Toads are Arthritic and in PainArthritis(关节炎)is an illness that can cause pain and swelling in your bones. Toads(蟾蜍),a bigproblem in the north of Australia,are suffering from painful arthritis in their legs and backbone,a new study has shown. The toads that jump the fastest are more likely to be larger and to have longer legs._________(46)The large yellow toads,native to South and Central America,were introduced into the north-eastern Aus-tralian state of Queensland in 1935 in an attempt to stop beetles and other insects from destroying sugarcane crops.'Now up to 200 million of the poisonous toads exist in the country,and they are rapidly spreading through the state of Northern Territory at a rate of up to 60 km a year. The toads can now be found across more than one million square kilometres._________(47)A Venezuelan poison virus was tried in the 1990s but had to be abandoned after it was found to also kill native frog species.The toads have severely affected ecosystems in Australia.Animals,and sometimes pets,that eat the toads die immediately from their poison,and the toads themselves eat anything they can fit inside their mouth. _________(48)A co-author of the new study,Rick Shine,a professor at the University of Sydney,says that little alien- tion has been given to the problems that toads face.Rick and his colleagues studied nearly 500 toads from Queensland and the Northern Territory and found that those in the latter state were very different.They were active,sprinting down roads and breeding quickly.According to the results of the study,the fastest toads travel nearly one kilometre a night._________(49) But speed and strength come at a price一arthritis of the legs and backbone due to constant pressure placed on them.In laboratory tests,the researchers found that after about 15 minutes of hopping,arthritic toads wouldtravel less distance with each hop(跳跃)._________( 50 ) These toads are so programmed to move, apparently,that even when in pain the toads travelled as fast and as far as the healthy ones,continuing their constant march across the landscape. _________(49)
[多选题]共用题干 Toads are Arthritic and in PainArthritis(关节炎)is an illness that can cause pain and swelling in your bones. Toads(蟾蜍),a bigproblem in the north of Australia,are suffering from painful arthritis in their legs and backbone,a new study has shown. The toads that jump the fastest are more likely to be larger and to have longer legs._________(46)The large yellow toads,native to South and Central America,were introduced into the north-eastern Aus-tralian state of Queensland in 1935 in an attempt to stop beetles and other insects from destroying sugarcane crops.'Now up to 200 million of the poisonous toads exist in the country,and they are rapidly spreading through the state of Northern Territory at a rate of up to 60 km a year. The toads can now be found across more than one million square kilometres._________(47)A Venezuelan poison virus was tried in the 1990s but had to be abandoned after it was found to also kill native frog species.The toads have severely affected ecosystems in Australia.Animals,and sometimes pets,that eat the toads die immediately from their poison,and the toads themselves eat anything they can fit inside their mouth. _________(48)A co-author of the new study,Rick Shine,a professor at the University of Sydney,says that little alien- tion has been given to the problems that toads face.Rick and his colleagues studied nearly 500 toads from Queensland and the Northern Territory and found that those in the latter state were very different.They were active,sprinting down roads and breeding quickly.According to the results of the study,the fastest toads travel nearly one kilometre a night._________(49) But speed and strength come at a price一arthritis of the legs and backbone due to constant pressure placed on them.In laboratory tests,the researchers found that after about 15 minutes of hopping,arthritic toads wouldtravel less distance with each hop(跳跃)._________( 50 ) These toads are so programmed to move, apparently,that even when in pain the toads travelled as fast and as far as the healthy ones,continuing their constant march across the landscape. _________(47)
[多选题]共用题干 Toads are Arthritic and in PainArthritis(关节炎)is an illness that can cause pain and swelling in your bones. Toads(蟾蜍),a bigproblem in the north of Australia,are suffering from painful arthritis in their legs and backbone,a new study has shown. The toads that jump the fastest are more likely to be larger and to have longer legs._________(46)The large yellow toads,native to South and Central America,were introduced into the north-eastern Aus-tralian state of Queensland in 1935 in an attempt to stop beetles and other insects from destroying sugarcane crops.'Now up to 200 million of the poisonous toads exist in the country,and they are rapidly spreading through the state of Northern Territory at a rate of up to 60 km a year. The toads can now be found across more than one million square kilometres._________(47)A Venezuelan poison virus was tried in the 1990s but had to be abandoned after it was found to also kill native frog species.The toads have severely affected ecosystems in Australia.Animals,and sometimes pets,that eat the toads die immediately from their poison,and the toads themselves eat anything they can fit inside their mouth. _________(48)A co-author of the new study,Rick Shine,a professor at the University of Sydney,says that little alien- tion has been given to the problems that toads face.Rick and his colleagues studied nearly 500 toads from Queensland and the Northern Territory and found that those in the latter state were very different.They were active,sprinting down roads and breeding quickly.According to the results of the study,the fastest toads travel nearly one kilometre a night._________(49) But speed and strength come at a price一arthritis of the legs and backbone due to constant pressure placed on them.In laboratory tests,the researchers found that after about 15 minutes of hopping,arthritic toads wouldtravel less distance with each hop(跳跃)._________( 50 ) These toads are so programmed to move, apparently,that even when in pain the toads travelled as fast and as far as the healthy ones,continuing their constant march across the landscape. _________(50)
[多选题]共用题干 第三篇Three Ways to Become More CreativeMost people believe they don't have much imagination.They are wrong. Everyone has imagination,but most of us,once we become adults,forget how to access it.Creativity isn't always connected with great works of art or ideas.People at work and in their free time routinely think of creative ways to solve problems.Maybe you have a goal to achieve,a tricky question to answer or you just want to expand your mind!Here are three techniques to help you.This technique involves taking unrelated ideas and trying to find links between them. First,think about the problem you have to solve or the job you need to do.Then find an image,word,idea or object,for exam- ple,a candle.Write down all the ideas/words associated with candles:light,fire,matches,wax,night,silence, etc.Think of as many as you can.The next stage is to relate the ideas to the job you have to do.So imagine you want to buy a friend an original present,you could buy him tickets to a match or take him out for the night.Imagine that normal limitations don't exist.You have as much time/space/money,etc.as you want. Think about your goal and the new possibilities.If,for example,your goal is to learn to ski,you can now prac- tice skiing every day of your life(because you have the time and the money).Now adapt this to reality.May- be you can practice skiing every day in December,or every Monday in January.Look at the situation from a different point of view. Good negotiators(谈判者)use this technique in business,and so do wnters.Fiction writers often imagine they are the characters in their books.They askquestions:What does this character want?Why can't she get it?What changes must she make to get what she wants?What does she dream about?If your goal involves other people,put yourself" in their shoes".The best fishermen think like fish! The second technique suggests that you just imagine___________.
[多选题]共用题干 Flying Into HistoryWhen you turn on the television or read a magazine , celebrities(名人)are everywhere. Although fameand the media play such major roles in our lives today,it has not always been that way._________(46) Many historians agree that Charles Lindbergh was one of the first major celebrities or superstars.Lindbergh was born in Detroit,Michigan,in 1902,but he grew up in Little Falls,Minnesota. As a childhe was very interested in how things worked,so when he reached college,he pursued a degree in engineer- ing. At the age of 20,however,the allure(诱惑)of flying captured Lindbergh's imagination.________(47)Soon after, Lindbergh bought his own plane and traveled across the nation performing aerial stunts(空中 特技).In 1924,Lindbergh became more serious about flying. He joined the United States military and graduated firstin his pilot class.__________ (48)During the same time ,a wealthy hotel owner named Raymond Orteig was offering a generous award tothe first pilot who could fly nonstop from New York City to Paris,France.The Orteig Prize was worth $25 ,000一 a large amount even by today's standards.Lindbergh knew he had the skills to complete the flight,but not just any plane was capable of flyingthat far for that long.___________(49) On May 20,1927,Charles Lindbergh took off from Roosevelt Field in New York City and arrived thenext day at an airstrip(简易机场)outside Paris. Named in honor of the sponsor, the Spirit of St. Louis carried Lindbergh across the Atlantic Ocean and into the record books.He became a national hero and a huge celebrity. When he returned to the United States, Lindbergh rode in a ticker-tape(热烈的)parade held to cele- brate his accomplishment.__________(50)A very popular dance was even named for Charles Lindbergh一 the Lindy Hop.Today,the Spirit of St.Louis is kept at the Smithsonian institute's National Air and Space Museum in Washington,D.C. __________(47)
[多选题]共用题干 Can Mobile Phones Cause Disease?1 "Mobile phone killed my man,"screamed one headline last year.Also came claimsthat an unpublished study had found that mobile phones cause memory loss.And a Britishnewspaper devoted its front page to a picture supposedly(假定地)showing how mobilephones heat the brain.2 For anyone who uses a mobile phone,these are worrying times.But speak to the scientists whose work is the focus of these scares and you will hear a different story.According to them, there is no evidence that mobile phones cause cancer or any other illness in people.3 What we do have,however, are some results suggesting that mobile phones' emissions have a variety of strange effects on living tissue that can't be explained by thegeneral radiation biology.And it's only when the questions raised by these experiments are answered that we'll be able to say for sure what mobile phones might be doing to the head.4 One of the odd effects comes from the now famous"memory loss" study.Alan Preeceand his colleagues at the University of Bristol placed a device that imitated the microwave emissions of mobile phones to the left ear of volunteers.The volunteers were just as good at recalling words and pictures they had been shown on a computer screen whether or notthe device was switched on.Preece says he still can't comment on the Effects of using a mobile phone for years on end.But he rules out the suggestion that mobile phones have an immediate effect on our cognitive abilities." I'm pretty sure there is no effect on short-termmemory,"he says.5 Another expert,Tattersall,remarked that his latest findings have removed fears about memory loss.One result, for instance, suggests that nerve cell synapses(突触) exposed to microwaves become more一rather than less一receptive(感受的)to undergoing changes linked to memory formation.6 Hopefully,microwaves might turn out to be good for you.It sounds crazy,but a couple of years ago a team led by William Adey at the Veterans Affairs Medical Center in California found that mice exposed to microwaves for two hours a day were less likely to develop brain tumours when given a cancer-causing chemical. Tattersall said for sure that the________over memory loss caused by mobile phones was unqrounded.
[多选题]共用题干 Travel Across AfricaFor six hours we shot through the barren(荒芜的)landscape of the Karoo desert in South Africa. Just rocks and sand and baking sun.Knowing our journey was ending,Daniel and I just wanted to remember all we had seen and done.He used a camera. I used words.I had already finished three notebooks and was into the fourth,a beautiful leather notebook I'd bought in a market in Mozambique.Southern Africa was full of stories and visions.We were almost drunk in sensations.The roaring of the water at Victoria Falls,the impossible silence of the Okavango Delta in Botswana.And then the other things:dogs in the streets,whole families in Soweto living in one room,a kilometre from clean water.As we drove towards the setting sun,a quietness fell over us.The road was empty-we hadn't seen another car for hours.And as I drove,something caught my eye,something moving close enough to touch them,to smell their hot breath.I didn't know how long they had been there next to us.I shouted to Dan:"Look!"But he was in a deep sleep,his camera lying useless by his feet.They raced the car for a few seconds,then disappeared far behind us,a memory of heroic forms in the red landscape. When Daniel woke up an hour later I told him what had happened."Wild horses?"he said."Why didn't you wake me up,Sophia?""I tried.But they were gone after a few seconds.""Are you sure you didn't dream it?""You were the one who was sleeping!""Typical,"he said."The best photos are the ones we never take."We checked into a dusty hotel and slept the sleep of the dead. Daniel and Sophia drove slowly through the busy desert.
[多选题]共用题干 Sport or Spectacle?Muhammad Aui is probably the most famous sports figure on earth:he is recognized on every continent and by all generations. The__________(51)of his illness as Parkinson's disease after his retirement fuelled the debate about the dangers of boxing and criticism__________(52)the sport. That,plus his outspoken opposition___________(53)women's boxing,made people wonder how he would react when one of his daugh- ters decided to____________(54)up the sport.His presence at Laila's first professional fight,however,seemed to broadcast a father's support.Of course Muhammad Aui wanted to___________(55)his daughter fight.The ring announcer introduced him as the"the greatest"and as he sat down at the ringside the crowd chanted.Twenty-one-year-old Laila's debut fight(首次亮相)was a huge success and there was as much publicity for the___________(56)as her father's fights once attracted Laila's opponent was much weaker than she was and__________(57)the fight lasted just 31 seconds.Since then, Laila has won most of her fights by knoc-king out her opponent"She knows ______ (58)she's doing,"said one referee about her."She knowsabout moving well.You can see some of her dad's moves."Laila Ali would rather not_________ (59)herself to her father. She prefers to make. __________(60). Her father supports her decision to enter the sport but he has not spared her the details of what can happen. Laila__________(61)that her father wants her to understand the worst possible scenario to see_________(62) she still wants to go forward with it.She knows she's going to get hit hard at times,that she may get a broken nose or a swollen(肿胀的)face , but at least she is prepared for it.Laila's decision to start boxing despite her father's__________(63)with the symptoms of Parkinson's disease has of course sparked a mixture of praise and__________(64).But Laila is a determined individual and it is her famous last name that has made her a magnet for worldwide media attention.Of course,the ___________(65)on the boxing scene of a woman with her family history attracts even more questions about whether women's boxing is sport or spectacle. _________(65)
[多选题]共用题干 Are You a Successful Leader?1 Almost nothing we do in this world is done in isolation.At work or at play,you'll find yourself in groups,working with other people:your team at work,a meeting with colleagues,your family,a holiday with friends,a group of students working together,a day out walking in the mountains,a group of neighbours want- ing to make changes.It is now recognized that being able to work successfully with other people is one of the major keys to success,partly because we need to do it so often.2 In almost every situation where you're in a group,you will need a skilled leader. All groups need leaders and all successful groups have good leaders.Groups without leaders or with weak leaders almost always break down.Members of a leaderless group often begin to feel dissatisfied and frustrated.Time is wasted and the tasks are not achieved.There are often arguments and tensions between people as there is nobody to keep the goals clear. Some personalities dominate and others disappear. Often group members begin not to come to meetings in order to avoid more disharmony.3 Some people are natural leaders.The celebrity chef,Antonio Carluccio says,"True leaders are bornand you can spot them in kitchens."They're people who combine toughness,fairness and humour. Although a lot of people agree that there are somne natural-born leaders,most people now recognize that leadership can also be taught.Our professional and experienced staff can train almost anyone how to be a successful leader. Good leaders don't make people do things in a bossy,controlling way.You can learn how to involve everyone, encouraging the whole group to work towards a comnmon goal.4 Our training courses use activities and techniques to develop a range of qualities which are necessary to be a good leader. Self-confidence is vital and being able to overcome your own fears about being a leader. Successful leaders also need to be calm and intelligent.They need to be able to work out good strategies and make sound judgements under pressure.Lastly,and probably most importantly,good leaders need to be sensi- tive,sociable and be able to get on with a wide range of people.Good leadership is essentially the ability to influence others and good leaders allow all members of the group to contribute. Paragraph 4 ___________
[多选题]共用题干 Sport or Spectacle?Muhammad Aui is probably the most famous sports figure on earth:he is recognized on every continent and by all generations. The__________(51)of his illness as Parkinson's disease after his retirement fuelled the debate about the dangers of boxing and criticism__________(52)the sport. That,plus his outspoken opposition___________(53)women's boxing,made people wonder how he would react when one of his daugh- ters decided to____________(54)up the sport.His presence at Laila's first professional fight,however,seemed to broadcast a father's support.Of course Muhammad Aui wanted to___________(55)his daughter fight.The ring announcer introduced him as the"the greatest"and as he sat down at the ringside the crowd chanted.Twenty-one-year-old Laila's debut fight(首次亮相)was a huge success and there was as much publicity for the___________(56)as her father's fights once attracted Laila's opponent was much weaker than she was and__________(57)the fight lasted just 31 seconds.Since then, Laila has won most of her fights by knoc-king out her opponent"She knows ______ (58)she's doing,"said one referee about her."She knowsabout moving well.You can see some of her dad's moves."Laila Ali would rather not_________ (59)herself to her father. She prefers to make. __________(60). Her father supports her decision to enter the sport but he has not spared her the details of what can happen. Laila__________(61)that her father wants her to understand the worst possible scenario to see_________(62) she still wants to go forward with it.She knows she's going to get hit hard at times,that she may get a broken nose or a swollen(肿胀的)face , but at least she is prepared for it.Laila's decision to start boxing despite her father's__________(63)with the symptoms of Parkinson's disease has of course sparked a mixture of praise and__________(64).But Laila is a determined individual and it is her famous last name that has made her a magnet for worldwide media attention.Of course,the ___________(65)on the boxing scene of a woman with her family history attracts even more questions about whether women's boxing is sport or spectacle. _________(51)