综合C

考试试题

[多选题]共用题干 第二篇Good Table MannersManners play an important part in making a favorable impression at the dinner table.Here are some general rules:Nankin(餐巾)useThe meal begins when the host unfolds his or her napkin. This is your signal to do the same ,so place your napkin on your lap.Unfold it completely if it is a small napkin,or in half,lengthwise (纵向地),if it is a large dinner napkin.If you need to leave the table during the meal,place your napkin on your chair as a signal to your server that you will be returning. Once the meal is over,place your napkin neatly on the table to the right of your dinner plate.Do not refold it.Use a napkin only for your mouth.Never use it for your nose,face or forehead. Use of utensils(餐具)Start with the knife,fork or spoon furthest from your plate,and work your way in using one utensil for each course.If soup is served,remember to spoon away from yourself. This helps stop the drips.Do not put the entire soup spoon in your mouth.Instead,fill a soup spoon about 75 per cent with soup,and sip (嚷饮)it from the side noiselessly.After finishing dinner,place the knife and fork parallel to one another across the plate with the knife blade facing inward toward the plate.Using your fingersHere's a list of finger foods:sandwiches,cookies,small fruits or berries with stems,French fries and potato chips,and hamburgers.Chew(咀嚼)with your mouth closed and don't make noise;don't talk with your mouth full. Bread must be broken with your hands.It is never cut with a knife.Don't pick something out of your teeth.Instead,excuse yourself to the bathroom. If possible,try not to cough at the table.Do not put your elbows(肘)on the table.In France,it is essential to have both hands above the table at the same time.Do not put bones or anything else on the table.Things that are not eaten should be put on your plate. Which of the following shows good table manners?
[多选题]共用题干 第三篇Trying to Find a PartnerOne of the most striking findings of a recent poll in the UK is that of the people interviewed, one in two believes that it is becoming more difficult to meet someone to start a family with.Why are many finding it increasingly difficult to start and sustain intimate relationships?Does modern life really make it harder to fall in love?Or are we making it harder for ourselves?It is certainly the case today that contemporary couples benefit in different ways from relationships. Women no longer rely upon partners for economic security or status.A man doesn't expect his spouse to be in sole charge of running his household and raising his children.But perhaps the knowledge that we can live perfectly well without a partnership means that it takes much more to persuade people to abandon their independence.In theory,finding a partner should be much simpler these days.Only a few generations ago, your choice of soulmate(心上人)was constrained(限制)by geography, social convention and family tradition. Although it was never explicit,many marriages were essentially arranged.Now those barriers have been broken down.You can approach a builder or a brain surgeon in any bar in any city on any given evening. When the world is your oyster(牡砺),you surely have a better chance of finding a pearl.But it seems that the old conventions have been replaced by an even tighter constraint: the tyranny of choice.The expectations of partners are inflated(提高)to an unmanageable degree:good looks,impressive salary,kind to grandmother,and right socks.There is no room for error in the first impression.We think that a relationship can be perfect. If it isn't,it is disposable.We work to protect ourselves against future heartache and don't put in the hard emotional labor needed to build a strong relationship.Of course,this is complicated by realities.The cost of housing and child-rearing creates pressure to have a stable income and career before a life partnership. Which of the following was NOT a constraint on one's choice of soulmate in the old days?
[多选题]共用题干 Who Built Giza ' s Pyramids(金字塔)?1 For centuries,the pyramids of Giza have been timeless symbols of Egyptian culture.But who actually built them? For years,we did not know for sure. But archeologists(考古学家)recently discovered an ancient village near the pyramids. Close by,there was also a cemetery(墓地)where pyramid builders were buried. From studying these places,archeologists can now confirm that the pyramids were not built by slaves orforeigners.Ordinary Egyptians built them.2 It took about eighty years to build the pyramids.According to archeologists,about 20,000一30,000 people were involved in completing the task.The workers had different roles.Some dug up the rock;some moved it;and some shaped it into blocks.People also worked on different teams,each with its own name.On a wall in Khufu's Great Pyramid,for example,a group of workers wrote"Friends of Khufu".Teams often competed to do a job faster.3 Life for these workers was hard."We can see that in their skeletons(骨架),"says Azza Mohamed Sarry El-Din,a scientist studying bodies found in the cemetery. The bones show signs of arthritis(关节炎), which developed from carrying heavy things for a long time.Archeologists have also found many female skele-- tons in the village and cemetery.The damage to their bones is similar to the men'S.Their lives may have been even tougher:male workers lived to age 40-45,but women to only 30-35.However,workers usually had enough food,and they also had medical care if they got sick or hurt.4 The work was challenging,but laborers were proud of their work.“It's because they were not just building the tomb of their king,"says Egyptian archeologist Zahi Hawass."They were building Egypt. It was a national project,and everyone was a participant." Paragraph4____________
[多选题]共用题干 第三篇AlaskaIn 1959 Americans welcomed Alaska into the Union as the 49th state,symbolizing a change of attitude from that held in 1867, when the peninsula(半岛)was purchased from Russia.Then, most Americans had little interest in 1,500,000 square kilometers"of icebergs and polar bears"-beyond Canada's western borders,far from the settled areas of the United States.In those sections of the state which lie above the Arctic Circle,Alaska still is a land of icebergs and polar bears.Ice masses lie buried in the earth.From early May until early August,the midnight sun never :ts on this flat,treeless region,but the sun cannot melt the icy soil more than two-thirds of a meter down.Alaska is America's largest state,but only about 325,000 people live there.According to estimates, 800,000 hectares of its land area are fit for plowing but only about 640,000 hectares are being cultivated?Arctic Alaska has been the home of Eskimos for countless centuries.It is believed that the Eskimos moved there from Mongolia or Siberia,probably crossing Bering Strait,named for Vitus Bering,the Danish ea captain who discovered Alaska on his voyage for Russia in 1741.The Eskimos are the state's earliest known inhabitants.Russian fur traders established settlements but,by the time Alaska was sold to the United States,most of the traders had departed.In 1896 gold was discovered near the Klondike River in Canada just across the Alaskan border.Thousands of Americans rushed to the region on their way to Klondike;some never returned.Alaska was ,ever completely cut off again,although even today transportation is a major problem.There are only two motor routes from the US mainland,and within the state,every town has its own airfield.Planes fly passengers,mail and freight to the most distant villages.The gold that changed life so suddenly for Alaska was soon ended,and although many stories about fining camps have become part of American literature,the gold from Alaskan earth contributed less to ,economic progress than the fish from Alaskan waters.The fish?caught in a single year range in value from $80 million to $90 million.Fur一bearing animals are plentiful in the forests and streams,and valuable fur seals inhabit the waters.After fishing,the state's chief industry is lumber and the production of wood pulp(纸浆).In recent years,Alaska's single most important resource has become oil.The state also has large deposits of coal,copper,gold and other minerals. Which of the following is true about Alaska?
[多选题]共用题干 InflationBusiness and government leaders also consider the inflation rate to be an important general mndi-cator. Inflation is a period of increased spending that causes rapid rises in prices.________(51) your money buys fewer goods so that you get________(52)for the same amount of money as be-fore,inflation is the problem. There is a general rise_________(53)the price of goods and serv-ices.Your money buys less.Sometimes people describe inflation as a time when"a dollar is not worth a dollar anymore".Inflation is a problem for all consumers.People who live on a fixed income are hurt the __________(54).Retired people,for instance,cannot count on an increase in income as prices rise. Elderly people who do not work face serious problems in stretching their incomes to_________(55) their needs in time of inflation.Retirement income________(56)any fixed income usually does not rise as fast as prices.Many retired people must cut their spending to_________(57)rising prices. In many cases they must stop_________(58)some necessary items,such as food and clothing. Even_________(59)working people whose incomes are going up,inflation can be a problem.The __________(60)of living goes up,too.People who work must have even more money to keep up their standard of living. Just buying the things they need costs more.When incomes do not keep ________(61)with rising prices,the standard of living goes down.People may be earning the same amount of money,but they are not living as well because they are not able to buy as many goods and services.Government units gather information about prices in our economy and publish it as price indexes _________(62)the rate of change can be determined.A price index measures changes in prices using the price for a_________(63)year as the base.The base price is set at 100,and the other prices are reported as a________(64)of the base price.A price index makes________(65)possible to compare current prices of typical consumer goods,for example,with prices of the same goods in previous years. _________(62)
[多选题]共用题干 Things to Know about the UK1. From Buckingham Palace to Oxford, the UK is loaded with wonderful icons(标志)of past eras. But it has also modernized with confidence. It's now better known for vibrant(充满活力的) cities with great nightlife and attraction.Fashions,fine dining,clubbing,shopping一the UK is a-mong the world's best.2.Most people have strong preconceptions about the British.But if you're one of these people, you'd be wise to abandon those ideas.Visit a nightclub in one of the big cities,a football match,or a good local pub and you might more readily describe the English people as humorous and hospitable.It's certainly true that no other country in the world has more bird-watchers,sports supporters, pet owners and gardeners than the UK.3. Getting around England is pretty easy. Budget(廉价的)airlines like EasyJet and Ryanair fly domestically.Trains can deliver you very efficiently from one major city to another. Long distance express buses are called coaches.Where coaches and buses run on the same route,coaches are more expensive(though quicker)than buses.London's famous black cabs are excellent but expensive. Minicabs are cheaper competitors, with freelance(个体的)drivers. But usually you need to give a call first. London's underground is called the Tube.It's very convenient and can get you to almost any part of the city.4.The UK is not famous for its food.But you still need to know some of the traditional English foods.The most famous must be fish and chips.The fish and chips are deep fried in flour. English breakfast is something you need to try.It is fried bacon,sausages,fried eggs,black pudding,fried tomatoes,fried bread and baked beans,with toast and a pot of tea.Other things like shepherd's pie and Yorkshire pudding are also well-known as a part of English food culture.5.Pubbing and clubbing are the main forms of English nightlife,especially for the young. Pubbing means going to a pub with friends,having drinks,and chatting. Clubbing is different from pubbing and includes going to a pub,or a place of music,or any other places to gather with friends.Clubbing can be found everywhere.Usually there is some kind of dress code for clubbing,such as no jeans,no sportswear,or smart clubwear,while pubbing is much more casual. Paragraph 2__________
[多选题]共用题干 第三篇AlaskaIn 1959 Americans welcomed Alaska into the Union as the 49th state,symbolizing a change of attitude from that held in 1867, when the peninsula(半岛)was purchased from Russia.Then, most Americans had little interest in 1,500,000 square kilometers"of icebergs and polar bears"-beyond Canada's western borders,far from the settled areas of the United States.In those sections of the state which lie above the Arctic Circle,Alaska still is a land of icebergs and polar bears.Ice masses lie buried in the earth.From early May until early August,the midnight sun never :ts on this flat,treeless region,but the sun cannot melt the icy soil more than two-thirds of a meter down.Alaska is America's largest state,but only about 325,000 people live there.According to estimates, 800,000 hectares of its land area are fit for plowing but only about 640,000 hectares are being cultivated?Arctic Alaska has been the home of Eskimos for countless centuries.It is believed that the Eskimos moved there from Mongolia or Siberia,probably crossing Bering Strait,named for Vitus Bering,the Danish ea captain who discovered Alaska on his voyage for Russia in 1741.The Eskimos are the state's earliest known inhabitants.Russian fur traders established settlements but,by the time Alaska was sold to the United States,most of the traders had departed.In 1896 gold was discovered near the Klondike River in Canada just across the Alaskan border.Thousands of Americans rushed to the region on their way to Klondike;some never returned.Alaska was ,ever completely cut off again,although even today transportation is a major problem.There are only two motor routes from the US mainland,and within the state,every town has its own airfield.Planes fly passengers,mail and freight to the most distant villages.The gold that changed life so suddenly for Alaska was soon ended,and although many stories about fining camps have become part of American literature,the gold from Alaskan earth contributed less to ,economic progress than the fish from Alaskan waters.The fish?caught in a single year range in value from $80 million to $90 million.Fur一bearing animals are plentiful in the forests and streams,and valuable fur seals inhabit the waters.After fishing,the state's chief industry is lumber and the production of wood pulp(纸浆).In recent years,Alaska's single most important resource has become oil.The state also has large deposits of coal,copper,gold and other minerals. What is mainly responsible for the economic growth in Alaska now?
[多选题]共用题干 A Heroic WomanThe whole of the United States cheered its latest hero,Ashley Smith,with the Federal Bureau of investigation saying it was planning to give a big reward to her for having a brave heart and wise mind.__________(46)She was moving into her apartment in Atlanta,Georgia early on the morning of March 12,when a man followed her to her door and put a gun to her side."I started walking to my door,and I felt really,really afraid,"she said in a TV interview last week.The man was Brian Nichols , 33. He was suspected of killing three people at an Atlanta courthouse(法院)on March 11 and later of killing a federal agent.__________(47)Nichols tied Smith up with tape,but released her after she repeatedly begged him not to take her life."I told him if he hurt me,my little girl wouldn't have a mummy,"she said.In order to calm the man down,she read to him from"The Purpose-Driven Life",a best-selling religious book. He asked her to repeat a paragraph"about what you thought your purpose in life was一what talents were you given."________(48)"I basically just talked to him and tried to gain his trust,"Smith said.Smith said she asked Nichols why he chose her."He said he thought I was an angel sent from God,and we were Christian sister and brother,"she said."And that he was lost,and that God led him to me to tell him that he had hurt a lot of people."_________(49)She said Nichols was surprised when she made him breakfast and that the two of them watched television coverage(报道)of the police hunt for him."I cannot believe that's me,"Nichols told the woman.Then,Nichols asked Smith what she thought he should do.She said,"I think you should turn yourself in.If you don't, lots more people are going to get hurt."Eventually,he let her go.__________(50)A U.S. $60,000 reward had been posted for Nichols' capture. Authorities said they did not yet know if Smith would be eligible(有资格的)for that money. __________(47)
[多选题]共用题干 Who Built Giza ' s Pyramids(金字塔)?1 For centuries,the pyramids of Giza have been timeless symbols of Egyptian culture.But who actually built them? For years,we did not know for sure. But archeologists(考古学家)recently discovered an ancient village near the pyramids. Close by,there was also a cemetery(墓地)where pyramid builders were buried. From studying these places,archeologists can now confirm that the pyramids were not built by slaves orforeigners.Ordinary Egyptians built them.2 It took about eighty years to build the pyramids.According to archeologists,about 20,000一30,000 people were involved in completing the task.The workers had different roles.Some dug up the rock;some moved it;and some shaped it into blocks.People also worked on different teams,each with its own name.On a wall in Khufu's Great Pyramid,for example,a group of workers wrote"Friends of Khufu".Teams often competed to do a job faster.3 Life for these workers was hard."We can see that in their skeletons(骨架),"says Azza Mohamed Sarry El-Din,a scientist studying bodies found in the cemetery. The bones show signs of arthritis(关节炎), which developed from carrying heavy things for a long time.Archeologists have also found many female skele-- tons in the village and cemetery.The damage to their bones is similar to the men'S.Their lives may have been even tougher:male workers lived to age 40-45,but women to only 30-35.However,workers usually had enough food,and they also had medical care if they got sick or hurt.4 The work was challenging,but laborers were proud of their work.“It's because they were not just building the tomb of their king,"says Egyptian archeologist Zahi Hawass."They were building Egypt. It was a national project,and everyone was a participant." The pyramids of Giza were built___________.
[多选题]共用题干 The Most Wonderful IslandsThe Palm Islands are the largest artificial islands in the world and are under construction in Dubai,in the United Arab Emirates.They are being developed as tourist,leisure,and residential resorts,and will increase the coastline of the country by 120 kilometres.After four years of planning and careful consideration of the environmental issues,construction started in 2001.Dutch engineers with experience of reclaiming land from the sea were employed in the building of the first two islands.The site for all three islands is an area of the sea where the water is not very deep.Sand is taken from the seabed and sprayed into the construction site.Although the shallow water facilitates this process,the islands are still very exposed to the currents and tidal movements of the sea.Rocks are used to hold the sand in place resulting in a large crescent(月状的)structure.This acts as a breakwater and protects the islands from the sea.The first two islands are in the shape of date palm trees and consist of a trunk and 17 fronds,or leaves, coming off the trunk.The first island,named Palm Jumeirah,has three five-star hotels in the trunk,and luxury homes in the leaves.It is astonishing that when these homes went on sale in 2004,they were all sold within three days.The second palm,Jebel Ali,was started in 2002 and is designed to be an entertainment centre.Six marinas(小游艇船坞)are planned , with a water theme park , and homes built on stilts(桩柱) in the water.The Palm Deira is planned to be the largest of the three islands,with a length of 14km and a width of 8.5km,an area larger than the city of Paris.It will consist of residential properties,marinas,shopping malls,sports facilities,and clubs.These will be open to both residents and tourists.More artificial islands,the World Islands,are now being constructed near the Palm Jumeirah.They consist of 300 private islands grouped into the shape of the continents of the world and will be used for estates,private homes,community islands,and resorts.Unquestionably,these artificial islands are one of the wonders of the modern world.They will also maintain Dubai's status as one of the leading tourist destinations in the region. The water theme park in Jebel Ali will attract more tourists.
[多选题]共用题干 Kicking the HabitWhat is a bad habit?The most common definition is that it is something that we do regularly,almost without thinking about it,and which has some sort of negative consequence.This consequence could affect those around us,or it could affect us personally.Those who deny having bad habits are probably lying. Bad habits are part of what makes us human.Many early habits,like sucking our thumb,are broken when we are very young.We are either told to stop doing it by our parents,or we consciously or subconsciously observe that others do not have the same habit,and we gradually grow out of it.It is when we intentionally or unintentionally pick up new habits in our later childhood or early adulthood that it becomes a problem.Unless we can break that habit early on,it becomes a part of our life,and becomes"programmed"into our brain.A recent study of human memory suggests that no matter how hard we try to change our habits,it is the old ways that tend to win,especially in situations where we are rushed,stressed or overworked.Habits that we thought we had got rid of can suddenly come back.During the study programme,the researchers showed a group of volunteers several pictures,and gave them words to associate with them.They then showed the volunteers the same pictures again,and gave them new words to associate with them.A few days later,the volunteers were given a test.The researchers showed them the pictures,and told them to respond with one of the words they had been given for each one.It came as no surprise that their an- swers were split between the first set of words and the second.Two weeks later,they were given the same testagain.This time,most of them only gave the first set of. words.They appeared to have completely forgotten the second set.The study confirms that the responses we learn first are those that remain strongest over time.We may try to change our ways,hut after a while,the response that comes to mind first is usually the first one we learned.The more that response is used,the more automatic it becomes and the harder it becomes to respond in any other way.The study therefore suggests that over time,our had habits also become automatic,learned behavior. This is not good news for people who picked up bad habits early in life and now want to change or break them.Even when we try to put new,good intentions into practice,those previously learned habits remain stronger in more automatic,unconscious forms of memory. Bad habits may return when we are under pressure.
[多选题]共用题干 Forests for CitiesYou are standing in a beautiful forest in Japan.The air is clean and it smells like plants and flowers. There are 175 different kinds of trees,and 60 kinds of birds living here._____________(46)You are down- town in the city of Nara,Japan,in Kasugayama Forest,the oldest urban forest in the world.It was started more than a thousand years ago,and today it's very popular with tourists and artists.Cities around the world are working to protect their urban forests.Some urban forests are parks,and some are just streets with a lot of trees.But all urban forests have many good effects on the environment. ___________(47)They also stop the noise from heavy traffic.They even make the weather better because they make the air 3-5 degrees cooler,and they stop strong winds.Urban forests also have many good effects on people.They make the city more beautiful. In a crowded area,they give people a place to relax and spend time in nature.___________(48)In some countries,people are starting new urban forests.In England,there are now 1.3 million trees in an urban forest called Thames Chase,east of London.It was started in 1990,and it has grown very fast. Walking and bicycle clubs use the forest,and there are programs for children and artists.___________(49) Some older cities don't have space for a big urban forest,but planting trees on the streets makes the city better. Scientists found that commuters(通勤人员)feel more relaxed when they can see trees. Trees are even good for business.___________(50)In the future,urban forests will become even more important as our cities grow bigger. In the megacities(超大城市)of tomorrow,people will need more green space to live a comfortable life.Planting trees today will make our lives better in the future. _________(50)
[多选题]共用题干 Intelligent Machines1 Medical scientists are already putting computer chips(芯片)directly into the brain to help people who have Parkinson's disease,but in what other ways might computer technology be able to help us?Ray Kurzweil is the author of the successful book The Age of Intelligent Machines and is one of the world's bestcomputer research scientists.He is researching the possibilities.2 Kurzweil gets computers to recognize voices.An example of this is Ramona, the virtual(虚拟的) hostess of Kurzweil's homepage,who is programmed to understand what you say.Visitors to the site can have their conversations with her,and Ramona also dances and sings.3 Kurzweil uses this technology to help people with physical disabilities.One of his ideas is a"seeing machine".This will be"like a friend that could describe what is going on in the visible world,"he explains.Blind people will use a visual sensor(探测器)which will probably be built into a pair of sunglasses.This sensor will describe to the person everything it sees.4 Another idea,which is likely to help deaf people,is the"listening machine".This invention will recognize millions of words and understand any speaker.The listening machine will also be able to translate other languages,so even people without hearing problems are likely to be interested in using it.5 But it is not just about helping people with disabilities.Looking further into the future,Kurzweil sees a time when we will be able to download our entire consciousness into a computer.This technology probably won't be ready for at least 50 years,but when it arrives,it means our minds will be able to live forever. People without hearing problems may also be interested in using_________.
[多选题]共用题干 Public and Private Schools in the Unite StatesReligious and private schools receive little or no support from public taxes in the Unite States, and,as a result,are usually somewhat expensive to_________(51).The largest group of religious schools in America__________(52)by the Roman Catholic Church.While religious schools tend to be__________(53)expensive than private schools,there are usually some fees.When there is free education available to all children in the Unite States,why do people_______(54)money on private schools?Americans offer________(55)great variety of reasons for doing so,including the desire of some parents to_________(56)their children to schools_________(57)classes tend to be smaller,or where religious instruction is included as part of the educational program,or because,________(58)their opinion,the public schools in their area are not________(59)high enough quality to meet their needs.Private schools in the Unite States_________(60)widely in size,quality,and in the kind of program that are offered to meet _________(61)of certain students.The degree_________(62)American parents are active in their children's schools is often _________(63)to people of other countries.Most schools have organizations__________(64)of both parents and teachers,usually called P. T. A for Parent-Teacher-Association.They meet together to__________(65)various matters concerning the school. Parents often give their time to help with classroom or after school activities. _________(60)
[多选题]共用题干 A Pay Rise or Not?“Unless I get a rise.I'11 have a talk with the boss, Henry Manley,”George Strong said to himself. George liked his job and he liked the town he lived in,but his wife kept telling him that his pay was not enough to meet the needs of the family.That was why he was thinking of taking a job in Birmingham,a nearby city about 50 miles away.He had been offered a job in a factory there,and the pay was far better.George lived in Wyeford,a medium-sized town .He really liked the place and didn't like the idea of moving somewhere else,but if he took the job in Birmingham,he would have to move his family there.Henry Manley was the manager of a small company manufacturing electric motors.The corn-pany was in deep trouble because,among other reasons,the Japanese were selling such things at very low prices. As a result,Manley had to cut his own prices and profits as well. Otherwise he would not get any orders at all .Even then,orders were still not coming in fast enough,so that there was no money for raises(加工资)for his workers. Somehow ,he had to struggle along and keep his best workers as well.He sighed.Just then the phone rang.His secretary told him that George Strong wanted to see him as soon as possible.Manley sighed again.He could guess what it was about.George Strong was a very young engineer. The company had no future unless it could attract and keep men like him.Manley rubbed his forehead (前额);his problems seemed endless. Henry Manley had no idea at all why George Strong wanted to see him.
[多选题]共用题干 What We Take From and Give to the SeaAs long as we have been on earth,we have used the sea around us.We take from the ocean,and we give to it.We take fishes from the ocean-millions of kilograms of fish,every year,to________(51)millions of people.We even_______(52)their bones for fertilizer.We take minerals from the ocean.One way to get salt is to_______(53)seawater in shallow basin and leave it until it evaporates(蒸发).Along with salt,other minerals are left_______(54)evaporation.Much gold and silver drift dissolved in the waters of the sea,too.But the sea does not give them_______(55)by simple evaporation.________(56)gifts from the sea are pearls , sponges(海绵)and seaweed.Pearls________(57)jewelry.Natural sponges become cleaning aids.Seaweed becomes______(58)of many kinds一even candy,and ice cream一as well as medicine.Believe it or not,fresh water is another_______(59)from the sea.We cannot drink ocean water.Some of its contents may______(60)illness.But ocean water becomes fresh water when the salts are ________(61).In the future,we will find ourselves.________(62)more and more onfresh water from the sea.The sea_______(63)us food,fertilizer,minerals,water,and other gifts.What do we give the sea?Garbage.We pollute the ocean_______(64)we use it as a garbage dump.Huge as it is,the ocean cannot hold all the water that we pour into it.________(65)garbage into the ocean is killing off sea life.Yet as the world population grows,we may need the sea and its gifts more than ever. _________59
[多选题]共用题干 HitchhikingWhen I was in my teens(十几岁)and 20s , hitchhiking was a main form of long-distance transport. The kindness or curiosity of strangers__________(51)me all over Europe, North America, Asia and southern Africa. Some of the lift-givers became friends,many provided hospitality _________(52)the road.Not only did you find out much more about a country than________(53)traveling by train or plane,but also there was that element of excitement about where you would finish up that night. Hitchhiking featured importantly in Western culture.It has books and songs about it.So what has happened to________(54)?A few years ago,I asked the same question about hitchhiking in a column on a newspaper. __________(55)of people from all over the world responded with their view on the state of hitchhiking."If there is a hitchhiker's_________(56)it must be Iran,"came one reply. Rural Ireland was recommended as a friendly place for hitchhiking,_________(57)was Quebec,Canada."if you don't mind being berated(严厉指责)for not speaking French."But while hitchhiking was clearly still alive and well in many parts of the world,the_________ (58 ) feeling was that throughout much of the west it was doomed(消亡).With so much news about crime in the media,people assumed that anyone on the open road without the money for even a bus ticket must present a danger. But do we___________(59)to be so wary both to hitchhike and to give a lift?In Poland in the l960s,________(60)a Polish woman who e-mailed me,"the authorities introduced the Hitchhiker's Booklet. The booklet contained coupons for drivers,so each time a driver _________(61)somebody,he or she received a coupon.At the end of the season,________(62) who had picked up the most hikers were rewarded with various prizes.Everybody was hitchhiking then."Surely this is a good idea for society.Hitchhiking would increase respect by breaking down _________(63)between strangers.It would help fight_________(64)warming by cutting down on fuel consumption as hitchhikers would be using existing fuels.It would also improve educational standards by delivering instant__________(65)in geography,history,politics and sociology. _________(57)
[多选题]共用题干 American SportsThe United States is a sports-loving nation.Sports in America take a variety of forms;organized competitive struggles,which draw huge crowds to cheer their favorite team to victory;athletic games,played for recreation anywhere sufficient space is found;and hunting and fishing.Most sports are seasonal,so that what is happening in sports depends upon the time of year. Some sports are called spectator sports,as the number of spectators greatly exceeds the number playing in the game.Baseball is the most popular sport in the US.It is played throughout the spring and summer, and professional baseball teams play well into the fall.Although no other game is exactly like base-ball,perhaps the one most nearly like it is the English game of cricket.Football is the most popular sport in the fall.The game originated as a college sport more than 75 years ago.It is still played by almost every college and university in the country,and the football stadiums of some of the largest universities seat as many as 80,000 people.The game is not the same as European football or soccer. In American football there are 11 players on each team,and they are dressed in padded uniforms and helmets,because the game is rough and injuries are likely to occur.Basketball is the winter sport in American schools and colleges.Like football,basketball origi-nated in the US and is not popular in other countries.Many Americans prefer it to football because it is played indoors throughout the winter and because it is a faster game.It is a very popular game with high schools,and in more than 20 states,state-wide high school matches are held yearly.Other spectator sports include wrestling,boxing,and horse racing.Although horse-racing fans call themselves sportsmen,the accuracy of term is questionable,as only the jockeys who ride the horses in the races can be considered athletes.The so-called sportsmen are the spectators,who do "not assemble"primarily to see the horse race,but to bet upon the outcome of each race.Gambling is the attraction of horse racing. Many Americans like basketball better than football because the latter is so harsh that players have to wear special uniforms.
[多选题]共用题干 Operatunity1 Operatunity is a TV talent show for amateur opera singers.The winners get the chance to sing with the English National Opera. When two housewives,Denise Leigh and Jane Gilchrist won in 2002,their lives changed forever. As they sang Verdi's Rigoletto at the Coliseum(音乐厅)in Rome, they were transformed from working mothers into opera celebrities(名人).2 "I live in the village I was born in,"says Denise,who is blind."Lots of my neighbours are family, and my life is all about my three children."Jane,who worked as a cleaner and a shop assistant,was in a similar situation.She says,"All I had to look forward to was seeing my four children grow up,and I love that,but… you think'there must be more to life'.Winning Operatunity has opened up avenues I never knew existed."3 "This last year has been amazing,"Denise continues."Last mouth was Paris,before that we werere-- cording at Abbey Road,in London,and recently we had our album launch at the Royal Opera House." "We've been treated like princesses,"laughs Jane.“…champagne,chocolates,five-star hotels…”4 But it wasn't all so easy.For Denise,the worst part was waiting at the beginning."After I'd sent in my application form I worried for a month. Then I had to wait ten days after my first audition(试唱).That was awful."Even when they won the competition they were allowed to tell their close family but they weren't allowed to tell anyone else until later. Denise and Jane also found the travelling difficult.They couldn't take their children with them while they were away singing,so they had to organize childcare.However,there's been no problem with the physical side of singing:"We didn't have to worry about that as we've had lots of help and wonderful voice training,"says Jane.They also had to learn to deal with the media."The kids loved the fact that they could stay up and watch us on TV,but I just couldn't understand why some newspapers were more interested in the fact I divorced at 21,rather than the fact I had just sung at the Coliseum,"says Denise. Parauranh 2__________
[多选题]共用题干 Pedestrians Only1 The concept of traffic-free shopping areas goes back a long time.During the Middle Ages,traffic-free shopping areas were built in Middle Eastern countries to allow people to shop iii comfort and,more im- portantly,safety.As far back as 2,000 years ago,road traffic was banned from central Rome during the day to allow for the free movement of pedestrians(行人),and was only allowed inl at night when shops and mar- kets had closed for the day.In most other cities,however,pedestrians were forced to share the streets with horses,coaches and,later,with cars and other motorised vehicles.2 The modern,traffic-free shopping street was born in Europe in the l960s,when both city popula- tions and car ownership increased rapidly.Dirty gases from cars and the risks involved,in crossing the road were beginning to make shopping an unpleasant and dangerous experience.Many believed the time was right for experimenting with car-free streets,and shopping areas seemed the best place to start.3 At first,there was resistance from shopkeepers.They believed that such a move would be bad for business.They argued that people would avoid streets if they were unable to get to them in their cars.When the first streets in Europe were closed to traffic,there were even noisy demonstrations,as many shopkeepers predicted they would.lose customers.4 However,research carried out afterwards in several European cities revealed some unexpected statistics. In Munich,Cologne and Hamburg,visitors to shopping areas increased by 50 percent.On Copenhagen's main shopping street,shopkeepers reported sales increases of 25-40 percent.Shopkeepers in Minneapolis, the USA,were so impressed when they learnt this that they even offered to pay for the construction and maintenance costs of their own traffic-free streets.5 With the arrival of the traffic-free shopping street,many shops,especially those selling things like clothes,food and smaller luxury items,prospered.Unfortunately,it isn't good news for everyone,as shops selling furniture and larger electrical appliances,etc.actually saw their sales drop.Many of these were forced to move elsewhere,away from the city centre. Paragraph 3__________
[多选题]共用题干 American SportsThe United States is a sports-loving nation.Sports in America take a variety of forms;organized competitive struggles,which draw huge crowds to cheer their favorite team to victory;athletic games,played for recreation anywhere sufficient space is found;and hunting and fishing.Most sports are seasonal,so that what is happening in sports depends upon the time of year. Some sports are called spectator sports,as the number of spectators greatly exceeds the number playing in the game.Baseball is the most popular sport in the US.It is played throughout the spring and summer, and professional baseball teams play well into the fall.Although no other game is exactly like base-ball,perhaps the one most nearly like it is the English game of cricket.Football is the most popular sport in the fall.The game originated as a college sport more than 75 years ago.It is still played by almost every college and university in the country,and the football stadiums of some of the largest universities seat as many as 80,000 people.The game is not the same as European football or soccer. In American football there are 11 players on each team,and they are dressed in padded uniforms and helmets,because the game is rough and injuries are likely to occur.Basketball is the winter sport in American schools and colleges.Like football,basketball origi-nated in the US and is not popular in other countries.Many Americans prefer it to football because it is played indoors throughout the winter and because it is a faster game.It is a very popular game with high schools,and in more than 20 states,state-wide high school matches are held yearly.Other spectator sports include wrestling,boxing,and horse racing.Although horse-racing fans call themselves sportsmen,the accuracy of term is questionable,as only the jockeys who ride the horses in the races can be considered athletes.The so-called sportsmen are the spectators,who do "not assemble"primarily to see the horse race,but to bet upon the outcome of each race.Gambling is the attraction of horse racing. Horse-racing fans cannot be considered sportsmen because they are spectators whose primary interest is gambling.
[多选题]共用题干 How Did She Conquer the Americans?African-American talk show queen Oprah Winfrey is the world's most powerful celebrity,according to Forbes magazine.__________(46)Winfrey,51,draws 30 million viewers weekly in the United States. Her talk show reaches 112 countries.She earned US $225 million over the past 12 months to rank second in celebrity riches. The annual Forbes list gives most weight to annual earnings._________(47)"After 21 years,her exciting chat show still rules the airwaves.It created new celebrities and hundreds of millions of dollars in profits,"the magazine said.Winfrey is most popular with her popular talk show"The Oprah Winfrey Show".She can always attract the superstars and let them open up to her intimate interviewing style.Last month,American actor Tom Cruise,42,surprised fans when he celebrated his new romance with 26-year-old actress Katie Holmes. He jumped up and down,shouting"I'm in love". Only a few years ago,Cruise and his ex-wife Nicole Kidman appeared separately on the same show telling the news of their divorce._________(48)Winfrey's approach appears to be simple.She is in pursuit of self-improvement and seff-empow-erment(自强).This has proved to be just what people , especially women , want.Winfrey often talks about her personal secrets on her show. That pulls in viewers.For example, she revealed that she had been sexually abused as a child,and has spoken freely of her struggle with her weight.Winfrey was born to a poor family in Mississippi in 1954._________(49)At the age of 19,she became the youngest person and the first African-American woman to anchor(主持)a news programme.Her success has not just been on the screen.Her media group includes a women's TV network and websites for women.Winfrey's work has extended to social change._________(50)She testified before the US Senate to establish a national database of dangerous child abusers.President Bill Clinton later signed "Oprah Bill"into law. _______(47)
[多选题]共用题干 What We Take From and Give to the SeaAs long as we have been on earth,we have used the sea around us.We take from the ocean,and we give to it.We take fishes from the ocean-millions of kilograms of fish,every year,to________(51)millions of people.We even_______(52)their bones for fertilizer.We take minerals from the ocean.One way to get salt is to_______(53)seawater in shallow basin and leave it until it evaporates(蒸发).Along with salt,other minerals are left_______(54)evaporation.Much gold and silver drift dissolved in the waters of the sea,too.But the sea does not give them_______(55)by simple evaporation.________(56)gifts from the sea are pearls , sponges(海绵)and seaweed.Pearls________(57)jewelry.Natural sponges become cleaning aids.Seaweed becomes______(58)of many kinds一even candy,and ice cream一as well as medicine.Believe it or not,fresh water is another_______(59)from the sea.We cannot drink ocean water.Some of its contents may______(60)illness.But ocean water becomes fresh water when the salts are ________(61).In the future,we will find ourselves.________(62)more and more onfresh water from the sea.The sea_______(63)us food,fertilizer,minerals,water,and other gifts.What do we give the sea?Garbage.We pollute the ocean_______(64)we use it as a garbage dump.Huge as it is,the ocean cannot hold all the water that we pour into it.________(65)garbage into the ocean is killing off sea life.Yet as the world population grows,we may need the sea and its gifts more than ever. _________60
[多选题]共用题干 Explore JordanWadi Rum is the name given to a valley cut into the sandstone and hard rock in southwest Jordan.______(46)The name Rum most likely comes from an Aramaic word meaning"high" or"elevated".The area around Wadi Rum is now also one of Jordan's most important tourist des-tinations, and attracts an increasing number of foreign tourists, particularly trekkers(越野者), but also for camel safaris(旅行)or simply day-trippers from Aqaba or Petra. In contrast,there are almost no local or Arab tourists through nearby disi attracts young people from Amman at the weekends.Popular activities in the desert environment include camping under the stars,riding Arab horses,and rock-climbing amongst the massive rock formations. Jebal Rum(Jebal means moun- tain)is 1,574 meters above sea level.______(47)But Jordan is not simply a desert environment-it also contains the area which is the lowest point to the face of the Earth-the incredible Dead Sea,popular with tourists for swimming. ______(48)Once the waters reach the Dead Sea they are landlocked and have nowhere to go,so they evaporate,leaving behind a dense,rich cocktail(混合的)of salts and minerals that sup-ply industry,agriculture and medicine with some of its finest products. Once again,tourists bene- fit and can participate in water spa treatments and water therapies.The Dead Sea is located in the syro-African Rift,a 4,000-mile fault line in the Earth's crust. The lowest point of dry land on Earth is the shoreline of the Dead Sea at 1,300 feet below sea level. Because the lake is at the lowest point,this means that water does not drain from it. ______(49)Figures for the Dead Sea's salinity(盐度)today range from 25% to 35%.But the greatest tourist attraction is the incredible city of Petra.______(50)It is a vast unique city,carved into the sheer rock face by the Nabataeans,an industrious Arab people who settled here more than 2,000 years ago,turning it into an important junction for the silk,spice and other trade routes that linked China,India and southern Arabia with Egypt,Syria,Greece and Rome .Today,visitors can marvel at the architecture and explore life as it was thousands of years ago. ______(47)
[多选题]共用题干 第一篇His Own Way to Express LoveYesterday was our three-year anniversary.We didn't do anything romantic;we just walked hand in hand and talked about our past and the future.This was pretty much what I had expected.Andy is an unromantic guy:no sweet words or roses.Smart as he is,he is a little bit shy expressing his love. In contrast, I am an outspoken(直言不讳)girl who likes to show her feelings directly.So needless to say,I often feel that he is insensitive.I envy other girls who are surrounded by sweet words.I was in this sullen mood until I heard a beautiful sentence one day:"If one does not love you the way you like,it does not mean that he does not love you."This simple but sensible sentence made me think about our happy days and recall his deep concern for me.One cold winter night,I got a high fever. He hurried to my dormitory arid took me to the hospital.He was in such a hurry that he even forgot to wear socks. After arnval,he ran through the hospital handling all the formalities(手续).When I was put on a drip(点滴),he told me interesting stories to make me happy. Being held in his warm arms and listening to his tender(温柔的)voice, I had never felt so safe and comfortable.Gradually,I fell asleep.When I woke up 15 minutes later, he was still mumbling(喃喃地说)to me. He explained that if he had stopped talking I would have woken up.At that moment,I found love in his eyes.Another time,I had a bad quarrel with my best friend.Although I knew it was my fault,I refused to admit it. I was very angry when he insisted I apologize to her. He said that it was difficult to admit a mistake,but this was what everyone should do.The next morning,I apologized to my friend and asked for her forgiveness.My unromantic boyfriend cares about my health like my father,understands me like my mother and helps me like my elder brother. The writer tells the reader two stories to show that______.
[多选题]共用题干 InflationBusiness and government leaders also consider the inflation rate to be an important general mndi-cator. Inflation is a period of increased spending that causes rapid rises in prices.________(51) your money buys fewer goods so that you get________(52)for the same amount of money as be-fore,inflation is the problem. There is a general rise_________(53)the price of goods and serv-ices.Your money buys less.Sometimes people describe inflation as a time when"a dollar is not worth a dollar anymore".Inflation is a problem for all consumers.People who live on a fixed income are hurt the __________(54).Retired people,for instance,cannot count on an increase in income as prices rise. Elderly people who do not work face serious problems in stretching their incomes to_________(55) their needs in time of inflation.Retirement income________(56)any fixed income usually does not rise as fast as prices.Many retired people must cut their spending to_________(57)rising prices. In many cases they must stop_________(58)some necessary items,such as food and clothing. Even_________(59)working people whose incomes are going up,inflation can be a problem.The __________(60)of living goes up,too.People who work must have even more money to keep up their standard of living. Just buying the things they need costs more.When incomes do not keep ________(61)with rising prices,the standard of living goes down.People may be earning the same amount of money,but they are not living as well because they are not able to buy as many goods and services.Government units gather information about prices in our economy and publish it as price indexes _________(62)the rate of change can be determined.A price index measures changes in prices using the price for a_________(63)year as the base.The base price is set at 100,and the other prices are reported as a________(64)of the base price.A price index makes________(65)possible to compare current prices of typical consumer goods,for example,with prices of the same goods in previous years. _________(54)
[多选题]共用题干 Sending E-mails to ProfessorsOne student skipped class and then sent the professor an e-mail________(51)for copies ofher teaching notes.Another_________(52)that she was late for a Monday class because she was recovering fromdrinking too much at a wild weekend party.At colleges and universities in the U. S.,e-mail has made professors more approachable(平易近人).But many say it has made them too accessible,__________(53)boundaries that traditionally kept students at a healthy distance.These days,professors say,students seem to view them as available_________(54)the clock, sending a steady stream of informal e-mails."The tone that they take in e-mails is pretty astounding(令人吃惊的),"said Michael Kessler, an assistant dean at Georgetown University."They'll________(55)you to help:'I need to know this."'"There's a fine________(56)between meeting their needs and at the same time maintaining a level of legitimacy(正统性)as an_________(57)who is in charge."Christopher Dede,a professor at the Harvard Graduate School of Education,said_________ ( 58 ) show that students no longer defer to(听从)their professors,perhaps because they realize that professors'________(59)could rapidly become outdated."The deference was driven by the_______(60)that professors were all-knowing sources of deep knowledge,"Dede said,and that notion has_________(61).For junior faculty members,e-mails bring new tension into their work,some say, as they struggle with how to________(62).Their job prospects,they realize,may rest in part on student evaluations of their accessibility.College students say e-mail makes________(63)easier to ask questions and helps them learn.But they seem unaware that what they write in e-mails could have negative effects________ (64)them,said Alexandra Lahav,and associate professor of Law at the University of Connecticut. She recalled an e-mail message from a student saying that he planned to miss class so he could play with his son.Professor Lahav did not respond."Such e-mails can have consequences,"she said."Students don't understand that ________(65)they say in e-mail can make them seem unprofessional,and could result in a bad recommendation." _________(56)
[多选题]共用题干 Do You Have a Sense of Humor?Humor and laughter are good for us.There is increasing evidence that they can heal us physically mentally,emotionally,and spiritually.In fact,every system of the body responds to laughter in some positive healing way.So how can we get more laughter into our lives?_______(46)Psychologist and author Steve Wilson,has some answers.Many people believe that we are born with a sense of humor.They think,"either you've got it,or you don't."Dr.Wilson points out that this is false._________(47)The parts of the brain and central nervous system that control laughing and smiling are mature at birth.______(48)(After all,when a baby laughs,we don't rush over and say,"That kid has a great sens(of humor!")A sense of humor is something that you can develop over a lifetime.Sometimes people think that they don't have a good sense of humor because they are not good joke tellers Dr.Wilson reminds us that telling jokes is only one of many ways to express humor._______(49)Then we will make others laugh,too.A person who has a true sense of humor is willing and able to see the funny side of everyday life.On of the best definitions of a sense of humor is"the ability to see the nonserious element in a situation".Consider this sign from a store window:"Any faulty merchanJise will be cheerfully replaced with merchandise of equal quality."The store manager probably placed the sign in the window to impress customers with the store's excellent service.________(50)As Dr.Wilson says,"a good sense of humormeans that you don't have to be funny,you just have to see what's funny." _______(49)
[多选题]共用题干 第一篇Britain's Solo SailorEllen MacArthur started sailing when she was eight,going out on sailing trips with her aunt.She loved it so much that she saved her money for three years to buy her first small sailing boat.When she was 18,she sailed alone around Britain and won the"Young Sailor of the Year"award.But Ellen really became famous in 2001.Aged only 24,she was one of the only two women who entered the Vendee Globe round the world solo race,which lasted 100 days.Despite many problems,she came second in the race out of 24 competitors and she was given a very warm welcome when she returned.Ambition and determination have always been a big part of Ellen's personality.When she was younger, she lived in a kind of hut(棚屋)for three years while she was trying to get sponsorship to compete in a trans- atlantic race.Then she took a one-way ticket to France,bought a tiny seven meter Class Mini yacht,slept under it while she was repairing it,and then she raced it 4,000 kilometers across the Atlantic in 1997,alone for 33 days.Ellen has had to learn many things,because sailing single-handed means that she has to be her own cap- tamn,electrician,sailmaker,engineer,doctor,journalist,cameraman and cook.She also has to be very ft,and because of the dangers of sleeping for long periods of time while she's in the middle of the ocean,she has trained herself to sleep for about 20 minutes at a time.And she needs courage.Once,In the middle of the ocean,she had to climb the mast(桅杆)of a boat to repair the sails一at four o'clock in the morning,with 100 kph winds blowing around her.It took her many hours to make the repairs;Ellen says:"I was exhausted when I came down.It's hard to describe how it feels to be up there.It's like trying to hold onto a big pole,which for me is just too big to get my arms around,with someone kicking you all the time and trying to shake you off."But in her diary , Ellen also describes moments which make it all worthwhile(值得的): " A beautiful sunrise started the day,with black clouds slowly lit by the bright yellow sun.I have a very strong feeling of pleasure,being out here on the ocean and having the chance to live this.I just feel lucky to be here." The word"solo"in the title could be best replaced by___________.
[多选题]共用题干 第二篇Three Ways to Become More CreativeMost people believe they don't have much imagination.They are wrong. Everyone has imagination,but most of us,once we become adults,forget how to access it. Creativity isn't always connected with great works of art or ideas.People at work and in their free time routinely think of creative ways to solve problems.Maybe you have a goal to achieve,a tricky question to answer or you just want to expand your mind!Here are three techniques to help you.This technique involves taking unrelated ideas and trying to find links between them.First,think about the problem you have to solve or the job you need to do.Then find an image,word,idea or object,for exam- pie,a candle.Write down all the ideas/words associated with candles:light,fire,matches,wax,night,silence, etc.Think of as many as you can?The next stage is to relate the ideas to the job you have to do?So imagine you want to buy a friend an original present,you could buy him tickets to a match or take him out for thenight.Imagine that normal limitations don't exist. You have as much time/space/money,etc.as you want. Think about your goal and the new possibilities.If,for example,your goal is to learn to ski,you can now prac- tice skiing every day of your life(because you have the time and the money).Now adapt this to reality.May- be you can practice skiing every day in December,or every Monday in January.Look at the situation from a different point of view. Good negotiators(谈判者)use this technique in business; and so do writers.Fiction writers often imagine they are the characters in their books.They ask questions: what does this character want?Why can't she get it?What changes must she make to get what she wants? What does she dream about?If your goal involves other people,put yourself" in their shoes".The best fisher- men think like fish! According to the first technique,if you need to solve a problem_______________.
[单选题]Electrick Backpack 【电子背包】   Backpacks are convenient. They can hold your books,your lunch,and a change of clothes,leaving your hands free to do other things.Someday,if you don't mind carrying a heavy load,your backpacks might also power your MP31player,keep your cell phone running,and maybe even light your way home.   Lawrence C. Rome and his colleagues from the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia2 and the Marine Biological Laboratory in WoodsHole3,Mass.4,have invented a backpack that makes electricity from energy produced while its wearer walks. In military actions,search-and-rescue operations,and scientific field studies,people rely increasingly on cellphones,global positioning system (GPS) 5 receivers,night-vision goggles,and other battery powered devices to get around and do their work.   The backpack’s electricity- generating feature could dramatically reduce the amount of awearer’s load now devoted to spare batteries,report Rome and his colleagues in the Sept.9 Science6.The backpack’s electricity-creating powers depend on springs used to hang a cloth pack from its metal frame.The frame sits against the wearer’s back,and the whole pack moves up and down as the person walks.A gear mechanism converts vertical movements of the pack to rotary motions of an electrical generator,producing up to 7.4 watts.   Unexpectedly,tests showed that wearers of the new backpack alter their gaits in response to the pack’s oscillations,so that they carry loads more comfortably and with less effort than they do ordinary backpacks. Because of that surprising advantage,Rome plans to commercialize both electric and non-electric versions of the backpack.   The backpack could be especially useful for soldiers,scientists,mountaineers,and emergency workers who typically carry heavy backpacks.For the rest of us,power-generating backpacks could make it possible to walk,play video games,watch TV,and listen to music,all at the same time.Electricity-generating packs aren’t on the market yet,but if you do get one eventually,just make sure to look both ways before crossing the street! 文章(16~20) Backpacks are convenient because A they can be very large. B they can hold as many things as you want to carry. C your hand sare freed to do other things. D you do not have to carry things with you.
[多选题]共用题干 The Fridge1. The fridge is considered a necessity.It has been so since the 1960s when packaged food first appeared with the label:“store in the refrigerator.”2. In my fridgeless Fifties childhood,I was fed well and healthily.The milkman came daily,the grocer,the butcher,the baker,and the ice-cream man delivered two or three times a week.The Sunday meat would last until Wednesday and surplus bread and milk became all kinds of cakes. Nothing was wasted and we were never troubled by rotten food.Thirty years on,food deliveries have ceased,fresh vegetables are almost unobtainable in the country.3. The invention of the fridge contributed comparatively little to the art of food preservation.A vast variety of well-tried techniques already existed-natural cooling,drying,smoking,salting, sugaring,bottling…4. What refrigeration did promote was marketing-marketing hardware and electricity,marketing soft drinks,marketing dead bodies of animals around the globe in search of a good price.5. Consequently,most of the world's fridges are to be found,not in the tropics where they might prove useful,but in the wealthy countries with mild temperatures where they are climatically al- most unnecessary .Every winter,millions of fridges hum away continuously,and at vast expanse, busily maintaining an artificially-cooled space inside an artificially-heated house-while outside, nature provides the desired temperature free of charge.6. The fridge's effect upon the environment has been evident,while its contribution to human happiness has been insignificant.If you don't believe me,try it yourself. Invest in a food cabinet and turn off your fridge next winter. You may miss the hamburgers but at least you'll get ride of that terrible hum. Paragraph 2______
[多选题]共用题干 American DreamsThere is a common response to America among foreign writers:the US is a land of extremes where the best of things are just as easily found as the worst. This is a clich6(陈词滥调).In the land of black and white,people should not be too surprised to find some of the biggest gaps between the rich and the poor in the world.But the American Dream offers a way out to everyone._________(46) No class system or government stands in the way.Sadly,this old argument is no longer true.Over the past few decades there has been a fundamental shift in the structure of the American economy.The gap between the rich and the poor has widened and widened._________(47)Over the past 25 years the median US family income has gone up 18 per cent. For the top 1 per cent,however,it has gone up 200 per cent. Twenty-five years ago the top fifth of Americans had an average income 6.7 times that of the bottom fifth.__________(48)Inequalities have grown worse in different regions.In California,incomes for lower class families have fallen by 4 per cent since 1969._________(49)This has led to an economy hugely in favor of a small group of very rich Americans. The wealthiest 1 per cent of households now control a third of the national wealth.There are now 37 million Americans living in poverty.At 12.7 per cent of the population,it is the highest percentage in the developed world.Yet the tax burden on America's rich is falling,not growing.___________(50).There was an economic theory holding that the rich spending more would benefit everyone as a whole.But clearly that theory has not worked in reality. ________(48)
[多选题]共用题干 Why Buy Shade-Grown Coffee?When people argue about whether coffee is good for health,they're usually thinking of the health of the coffee drinker. Is it good for your heart?Does it increase blood pressure?Does it help you concentrate?However,coffee affects the health of the human population in other ways, too.Traditionally, coffee bushes were planted under the canopy(树冠)of taller indigenous(土生土长的)trees. However, more and more farmers in Latin America are deforesting the land to grow full-sun coffees.At first,this increases production because more coffee bushes can be plan-ted if there aren't any trees.With increased production come increased profits.Unfortunately,deforesting for coffee production immediately decreases local wildlife habitat. Native birds nest and hide from predators(捕食者)in the tall trees and migrating birds rest there.Furthermore,in the long term,the full-sun method also damages the ecosystem because more chemical fertilizers and pesticides are needed to grow the coffee.The fertilizers and pesti- cides kill insects that eat coffee plant,but then the birds eat the poisoned insects and also die. The chemicals kill or sicken other animals as well, and can even enter the water that people will eventually drink.Fortunately,farmers in Central and South America are beginning to grow more coffee bushes in the shade .We can support these farmers by buying coffee with such labels as"shade grown" and"bird friendly."Sure,these varieties might cost a little more.But we're paying for the health of the birds,the land,ourselves,and the planet. I think it's worth it. What is the main idea of this passage?
[多选题]共用题干 Schooling and EducationIt is commonly believed in the United States that school is where people go to get an education. Nevertheless,it has been said that today children interrupt their education to go to school.The distinction between schooling and education implied by this remark is important.Education is much more open-ended and all-inclusive than schooling. Education knows no bounds. It can take place anywhere,whether in the shower or in the job,whether in a kitchen or on a tractor. It includes both the formal learning that takes place in schools and the whole universe of informal learning.The agents of education can range from a revered grandparent to the people debating politics on the radio,from a child to a distinguished scientist.Whereas schooling has a certain predictability,education quite often produces surprises.A chance conversation with a stranger may lead a person to discover how little is known of other religions.People are engaged in education from infancy on.Education,then,is a very broad,inclusive term. It is a lifelong process,a process that starts long before the start of school,and one that should be an integral part of one's entire life.Schooling,on the other hand,is a specific,formalized process,whose general pattern varies little from one setting to the next.Throughout a country,children arrive at school at approximately the same time,take assigned seats,are taught by an adult,use similar textbooks,do homework,take exams,and so on.The slices of reality that are to be learned,whether they are the alphabet or an understanding of the workings of government,have usually been limited by the boundaries of the subject being taught. For example,high school students know that they are not likely to find out in their classes the truth about political problems in their communities or what the newest filmmakers are experimenting with. There are definite conditions surrounding the formalized process of schooling. It's unlikely to find out the truth about political problems of communities in high school classes.
[多选题]共用题干 Public and Private Schools in the Unite StatesReligious and private schools receive little or no support from public taxes in the Unite States, and,as a result,are usually somewhat expensive to_________(51).The largest group of religious schools in America__________(52)by the Roman Catholic Church.While religious schools tend to be__________(53)expensive than private schools,there are usually some fees.When there is free education available to all children in the Unite States,why do people_______(54)money on private schools?Americans offer________(55)great variety of reasons for doing so,including the desire of some parents to_________(56)their children to schools_________(57)classes tend to be smaller,or where religious instruction is included as part of the educational program,or because,________(58)their opinion,the public schools in their area are not________(59)high enough quality to meet their needs.Private schools in the Unite States_________(60)widely in size,quality,and in the kind of program that are offered to meet _________(61)of certain students.The degree_________(62)American parents are active in their children's schools is often _________(63)to people of other countries.Most schools have organizations__________(64)of both parents and teachers,usually called P. T. A for Parent-Teacher-Association.They meet together to__________(65)various matters concerning the school. Parents often give their time to help with classroom or after school activities. _________(57)
[多选题]共用题干 A Country's Standard of LivingThe"standard of living"of any country means the average person's share of the goods and services the country produces.A country's standard of living,therefore____________(51)first on its capacity to produce wealth."Wealth"in this____________(52)is not money,for we do not live on money but on things that money can buy:"goods",such as food and clothing,and"services",such as transport and entertainment.A country's capacity to____________(53)wealth depends upon many factors,most of____________(54) have an effect on one another.Wealth depends_(55)a great extent upon a country's natural re-sources.Some regions of the world are well supplied with coal and minerals, and have fertile(肥沃的)soil and a favorable climate;other regions_____________(56)none of them.Next to natural resources comes the ability to_____________(57)them to use.China is perhaps as rich asthe USA in natural resources,but she suffered for many years____________(58)civil and external wars,and for this and other_____________(59)was unable to develop her resources.Sound and stable political conditions, and_____________(60)from foreign invasions,enable a country to develop its natural resources peacefully and steadily,and to produce more_____________( 61)than another country equally well favored by nature but less well ordered.A country's standard of living does not only depend upon the wealth that is produced and_____________(62) within its own borders,but also upon what is directly produced through international trade.For example, Britain's wealth in food stuffs and other agricultural_____________(63)would be much less if she had to de- pend only on those grown at home.Trade makes it possible for her surplus(剩余的)manufactured goods to be traded abroad for the agricultural products_____________(64)would otherwise be lacking.A eountry'B wealth is,therefore,much influenced by its manufacturing capacity,_____________(65)that other countries can be found ready to accept its manufactures. _________(60)
[多选题]共用题干 第一篇An Expensive MistakeIs there water on the planet Mars? Is there life on Mars?Was there ever life on Mars?Scientists from NASA wanted to know the answers to tliese questions.They built a spacecraft to travel around Mars and get informnation.The spacecraft was called the Mars Climate orbiter.The Mars Climate Orbiter left for Mars iii December 1998.The trip took nine and a half months.At first, everything was fine.However.when the Orbiter got near Mars,something terrible happened.The spacecraft didn't go to the right place.It went too close to Mars.it was too hot for the Orbiter there.The spacecraft couldn't function correctly.Suddenly,it stopped sending messages to NASA.The Orbiter was lost.How could this terrible thing happen? How did the Orbiter get closer to Mars than the scientists planned? Finally,they found the anlswer. Two teams of scientists worked together on the Orbiter. One team was in England,and one teann was in the United States.There were many similarities in the way they worked,but there was one important difference:The teams used different guidelines for measuring things.The United States team used the metric systcnni(公制).The oilier team used the English system.Because they used different systems,the scientists made a mathematical mistake.The Orbiter's orbit (the shape and pattern of its path)around Mars was not correct.The scientists put the Orbiter on the wrong path.The Orbiter got too close amid too hot,and it stopped functioning.Why didn'tanybody see the mistake before it was too late?Many things contributed to the problem. One thing was that NASA scientists and mathematicians were working on two other spacecrafts at the same time.This was a challenge,and they were very tired from working long hours.The Mars Climate Orbiter cost $94 million to build.It also cost a lot of money to try to find the lost Or- biter in space.In addition,NASA's research on the cause of the problem was very expensive.This wasn't the first time that two different measurement systems caused mistakes in scientific projects.However,the Mars Climate Orbiter was definitely the most expensive mistake of all! Why didn't NASA scientists identify the problem before the Orbiter left for Mars?
[多选题]共用题干 第三篇Too Late to Regret ItWhen I was a junior,I met a second-year student in my department. He wasn't tall or good-loo-king,but he was very nice,attractive and athletic.He had something that I admired very much.He was natural,warm,and sincere.I disregarded(不顾)my parents' disapproval. We were very happy together. He picked me up from my dorm every morning,and after class we would sit alongside the stream that ran through campus, or sunbathe(晒太阳)on the lawn. At night he would walk me back to my dorm. He came from a poor family,but in order to make me happy,he borrowed money from his friend to buy presents and meals for me.Our fellow students looked up to him as a role model,and the girls envied(妒忌)me. He wasn't a local, but wanted to stay here after graduation. I thought we had a future together.However,when I got a part-time job during the summer vacation,people began giving me a lot of pressure,saying that a pretty,intelligent girl like me should find a better guy to spend time with. This was also what my family thought. He spent the summer in his hometown,so I was all by myself. When he got back,I began finding faults with him. But his big heart and warmth soon drove all unpleasant thoughts away.However,I had no idea how badly I had hurt him and that things would get worse.I had a good part-time job off campus that paid pretty well.With my good performance at school,I also got admission to graduate school at one of China's best universities.He,on the other hand,did not do so well at school or at work.I had to worry about his living expenses,job and scores.Almost all my colleagues and friends advised me to break up with him.Then we had a quarrel last June.He was in great pain,and my cold words and bad moods started turning him away.Graduation time was drawing near. He said that he couldn't put up with me any more and he said he wanted to go back to his hometown.I was shocked and looked at him in despair.True love happens only once,but I found it out too late. Upon learning that he would leave her,she was________.
[多选题]共用题干 The Most Wonderful IslandsThe Palm Islands are the largest artificial islands in the world and are under construction in Dubai,in the United Arab Emirates.They are being developed as tourist,leisure,and residential resorts,and will increase the coastline of the country by 120 kilometres.After four years of planning and careful consideration of the environmental issues,construction started in 2001.Dutch engineers with experience of reclaiming land from the sea were employed in the building of the first two islands.The site for all three islands is an area of the sea where the water is not very deep.Sand is taken from the seabed and sprayed into the construction site.Although the shallow water facilitates this process,the islands are still very exposed to the currents and tidal movements of the sea.Rocks are used to hold the sand in place resulting in a large crescent(月状的)structure.This acts as a breakwater and protects the islands from the sea.The first two islands are in the shape of date palm trees and consist of a trunk and 17 fronds,or leaves, coming off the trunk.The first island,named Palm Jumeirah,has three five-star hotels in the trunk,and luxury homes in the leaves.It is astonishing that when these homes went on sale in 2004,they were all sold within three days.The second palm,Jebel Ali,was started in 2002 and is designed to be an entertainment centre.Six marinas(小游艇船坞)are planned , with a water theme park , and homes built on stilts(桩柱) in the water.The Palm Deira is planned to be the largest of the three islands,with a length of 14km and a width of 8.5km,an area larger than the city of Paris.It will consist of residential properties,marinas,shopping malls,sports facilities,and clubs.These will be open to both residents and tourists.More artificial islands,the World Islands,are now being constructed near the Palm Jumeirah.They consist of 300 private islands grouped into the shape of the continents of the world and will be used for estates,private homes,community islands,and resorts.Unquestionably,these artificial islands are one of the wonders of the modern world.They will also maintain Dubai's status as one of the leading tourist destinations in the region. The World Islands are bigger than the Palm Jumeirah.
[多选题]共用题干 The Most Wonderful IslandsThe Palm Islands are the largest artificial islands in the world and are under construction in Dubai,in the United Arab Emirates.They are being developed as tourist,leisure,and residential resorts,and will increase the coastline of the country by 120 kilometres.After four years of planning and careful consideration of the environmental issues,construction started in 2001.Dutch engineers with experience of reclaiming land from the sea were employed in the building of the first two islands.The site for all three islands is an area of the sea where the water is not very deep.Sand is taken from the seabed and sprayed into the construction site.Although the shallow water facilitates this process,the islands are still very exposed to the currents and tidal movements of the sea.Rocks are used to hold the sand in place resulting in a large crescent(月状的)structure.This acts as a breakwater and protects the islands from the sea.The first two islands are in the shape of date palm trees and consist of a trunk and 17 fronds,or leaves, coming off the trunk.The first island,named Palm Jumeirah,has three five-star hotels in the trunk,and luxury homes in the leaves.It is astonishing that when these homes went on sale in 2004,they were all sold within three days.The second palm,Jebel Ali,was started in 2002 and is designed to be an entertainment centre.Six marinas(小游艇船坞)are planned , with a water theme park , and homes built on stilts(桩柱) in the water.The Palm Deira is planned to be the largest of the three islands,with a length of 14km and a width of 8.5km,an area larger than the city of Paris.It will consist of residential properties,marinas,shopping malls,sports facilities,and clubs.These will be open to both residents and tourists.More artificial islands,the World Islands,are now being constructed near the Palm Jumeirah.They consist of 300 private islands grouped into the shape of the continents of the world and will be used for estates,private homes,community islands,and resorts.Unquestionably,these artificial islands are one of the wonders of the modern world.They will also maintain Dubai's status as one of the leading tourist destinations in the region. Rocks for building the breakwater were taken from the World of Islands.
[多选题]共用题干 Computers in CarsYou're far from home on a lonely road.Shadowy forests stretch away on both sides.A thick mist(雾)makes it difficult to see far beyond your car's windshield(挡风玻璃).“Can this be route 90A?”you wonder. if it is,you should be near a town.Yet there's no hint of one .Night is closing in.And you're low on gasoline.This is a situation where an in-car computer that can navigate would be a big help.A car computer that navigates?Yes!Such computers exist.Several experimental models are being tested by General Motors,Ford,Chrysler,and several foreign car makers.These computers vary in detail .But they all contain series of maps on videodiscs or videotapes.For example,one computer system contains 13,300 maps covering the continental US.Before starting out on a trip,a driver can type in the code for the region he or she plans to drive through .The computer then shows a map of that region.At the same time,a tiny radio re-ceiver linked to the computer goes to work.It picks up signals from navigation satellites such as the NAVSTAR network.Using these signals,the computer shows the car's position at all times and displays this position on the map.The computer can also calculate and display the best route to follow.A navigation computer may also receive and use data about road construction,weather condi- tions,and traffic jams.This information would be displayed to the driver and the computer would also use the information to work out alternate(交替的)routes.Most cars nowadays also contain computers that help cars run more efficiently .Microproces- sors(微处理机)control certain engine functions by regulating the mixing of fuel. Data on car speed,oil pressure,revolutions per minute,engine temperature,and fuel level can be displayed as digital data(numbers)or warning lights.Some auto designers suggest that a central computer display be used to clearly present such timely information as car speed and fuel level.Warning lights would indicate a drop in oil pres- sure or a sudden rise in engine temperature .To get more information on these conditions,the driver could call it up on the computer display screen.When needed,the computer could be “asked”to provide navigation aid or information about the car's condition. Of the following functions,which is NOT possessed by the navigation computer?
[多选题]共用题干 The Most Wonderful IslandsThe Palm Islands are the largest artificial islands in the world and are under construction in Dubai,in the United Arab Emirates.They are being developed as tourist,leisure,and residential resorts,and will increase the coastline of the country by 120 kilometres.After four years of planning and careful consideration of the environmental issues,construction started in 2001.Dutch engineers with experience of reclaiming land from the sea were employed in the building of the first two islands.The site for all three islands is an area of the sea where the water is not very deep.Sand is taken from the seabed and sprayed into the construction site.Although the shallow water facilitates this process,the islands are still very exposed to the currents and tidal movements of the sea.Rocks are used to hold the sand in place resulting in a large crescent(月状的)structure.This acts as a breakwater and protects the islands from the sea.The first two islands are in the shape of date palm trees and consist of a trunk and 17 fronds,or leaves, coming off the trunk.The first island,named Palm Jumeirah,has three five-star hotels in the trunk,and luxury homes in the leaves.It is astonishing that when these homes went on sale in 2004,they were all sold within three days.The second palm,Jebel Ali,was started in 2002 and is designed to be an entertainment centre.Six marinas(小游艇船坞)are planned , with a water theme park , and homes built on stilts(桩柱) in the water.The Palm Deira is planned to be the largest of the three islands,with a length of 14km and a width of 8.5km,an area larger than the city of Paris.It will consist of residential properties,marinas,shopping malls,sports facilities,and clubs.These will be open to both residents and tourists.More artificial islands,the World Islands,are now being constructed near the Palm Jumeirah.They consist of 300 private islands grouped into the shape of the continents of the world and will be used for estates,private homes,community islands,and resorts.Unquestionably,these artificial islands are one of the wonders of the modern world.They will also maintain Dubai's status as one of the leading tourist destinations in the region. The islands are being built in the deep water of the se
[多选题] 共用题干第二篇 Across the English Channel To swim across the English Channel takes at least nine hours.It's a hard work and it makes you short of breath.To fly over the Channel takes only twenty minutes(as only as you're not held up at the airport),but it's an expensive way to travel.You can travel by hovercraft if you don't mind the noise,and that takes forty minutes.Otherwise you can go by boat,if you dreams of being able to drive to France in your own car."Not possible",you say.Well wait a minute.People are once again considering the idea of a Channel tunnel or bridge. This time,the Greater London Council is looking into the possibility of building a Channel link straight to London.A bridge would cost far more than a tunnel, but you would be able to go by rail or by car on a bridge,whereas a tunnel would provide a rail link only. Why is this idea being discussed again?Is Britain becoming more conscious of the need for links with Europe as a result of joining the EEC(欧共体)?Well, perhaps. The main reason, though,is that a tunnel or bridge would reach the twenty square kilometers of London's disused dockland(船坞地).A link from London to the continent would stimulate trade and re-vitalize(使······重新具有活力)the port, and would make London a main trading center in Europe. With a link over the Channel,you could buy your fish and chips in England and be able to eat them in France while they are still warm! Channel link would_________.
[多选题]共用题干 Public and Private Schools in the Unite StatesReligious and private schools receive little or no support from public taxes in the Unite States, and,as a result,are usually somewhat expensive to_________(51).The largest group of religious schools in America__________(52)by the Roman Catholic Church.While religious schools tend to be__________(53)expensive than private schools,there are usually some fees.When there is free education available to all children in the Unite States,why do people_______(54)money on private schools?Americans offer________(55)great variety of reasons for doing so,including the desire of some parents to_________(56)their children to schools_________(57)classes tend to be smaller,or where religious instruction is included as part of the educational program,or because,________(58)their opinion,the public schools in their area are not________(59)high enough quality to meet their needs.Private schools in the Unite States_________(60)widely in size,quality,and in the kind of program that are offered to meet _________(61)of certain students.The degree_________(62)American parents are active in their children's schools is often _________(63)to people of other countries.Most schools have organizations__________(64)of both parents and teachers,usually called P. T. A for Parent-Teacher-Association.They meet together to__________(65)various matters concerning the school. Parents often give their time to help with classroom or after school activities. _________(62)
[多选题]共用题干 第三篇Reading PoemNo poem should ever be discussed or"analyzed",until it has been read aloud by someone, teacher or student.Better still,perhaps,is the practice of reading it twice,once at the beginning of the discussion and once at the end,so the sound of the poem is the last thing one hears of it.All discussions of poetry are,in fact,preparations for reading it aloud,and the reading of the poem is,finally,the most telling"interpretation"of it,suggesting tone,rhythm, and meaning all at once.Hearing a poet read the work in his or her own voice,on records or on film,is obviously a special reward.But even those aids to teaching can not replace the student and teacher reading it or, best of all,reciting it.I have come to think,in fact,that time spent reading a poem aloud is much more important than"analyzing"it,if there isn't time for both.I think one of our goals as teachers of English is to have students love poetry.Poetry is"a criticism of life","a heightening of life,enjoyment with others".It is"an approach to the truth of feeling",and it"can save your life".It also deserves a place in the teaching of languages and literature more central than it presently occupies.I am not saying that every English teacher must teach poetry.Those who don't like it should not be forced to put that dislike on anyone else.But those who do teach poetry must keep in mind a few things about its essential nature,about its sound as well as its sense,and they must make room inthe classroom for hearing poetry as well as thinking about it. The phrase"make room"in the last paragraph can be best replaced by______.

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