综合A

考试试题

[多选题]共用题干 Racial PrejudiceIn some countries where racial prejudice is acute,violence has been taken for granted as a means of solving differences,and this is not even questioned.There are countries________(51)the white man imposes his rule by brute(粗暴的)force ; there are countries where the black man protests by______ (52) fire to cities and by looting and pillaging(抢劫).Important people on both sides , who would appear to be reasonable men , get up and calmly argue in ___________( 53 ) of violence as if it were a legitimate(合法的) solution,________(54)any other. What is really frightening,what really________(55)you with despair,isthe realization that when it comes to the crunch(关键时刻),we have made no actual_________ (56) at all.We may wear collars and ties instead of war-paint,but our instincts remain basically unchanged.The whole of the recorded_________(57)of the human race,that tedious documentation of violence,has taught us absolutely nothing. We have still not learnt that__________(58)never solves a problem but makes it more acute.The sheer horror,the bloodshed and the suffering___________(59)nothing. No solution ever comes to ___________(60)the morning after we dismally(阴郁地)contemplate the smoking ruins and wonder what hit us.The truly reasonable men who___________(61)where the solutions lie are finding it harder and harder to get a hearing. They are despised,mistrusted and even persecuted___________(62)their own kind because they advocate such apparently outrageous things as law enforcement. if half the energy that goes into_________(63)acts was put to good use,if our efforts were directed at. _________(64)up the slums and ghettos(贫民窟),at improving living-standards and providing education and employment for all, we wouldnot have gone a long way to___________(65)at a solution. _________(54)
[多选题]共用题干 第一篇DNA TestingDNA testing reveals the genes of each individual person.Since the early twentieth century scientists have known that all human characteristics are contained in a person's genes and are passed from parents to children.Genes work as a chemical instruction manual for each part and each function of the body.Their basic chemical element is called DNA,a copy of which can be found in every cell. The existence of genes and the chemical structure of DNA were understood by the mid-1900s,but scientists have only recently been able to identify a person from just a drop of blood or a single hair.One of the most important uses of DNA testing is in criminal investigation.The very first use of DNA testing in a criminal case was in 1985 in Great Britain,when a man confessed to killing a young woman in the English countryside.Because police had found samples of the killer's DNA at the scene of the crime,a biologist suggested that it might be possible to compare that DNA to some from the confessor's blood.To everyone's surprise,the tests showed that he was not the killer. Nor was he guilty of a similar murder thathad happened some time earlier. At that point he admitted that he had confessed to the crimes out of fear and police pressure.The police then asked 5,000 local men for samples of their blood,and DNA testing revealed that one of them was the real murderer,so the first man was set free.In 1992,two law professors,Peter Neufeld and Bany Scheck,decided to use DNA evidence to help set free such mistakenly convicted prisoners.With the help of their students.they created a not-for-profit organizationcalled the Innocence Project. Most of their clients are poor men,many from racial and ethnic minorities.In fact,studies have shown that U. S. judges and juries are often influenced by racial and ethnic background,and that people from minority groups are more likely to be convicted. Some of these men had been sentenced to death,a form of punishment used in thirty eight states out of fifty(as of 2006).For most of these prisoners,their only hope was another trial in which DNA testing could be used to prove their innocence.Between 1992 and 2006,the Innocence Project helped free 100 men.Some of these prisoners had been in jail for ten,twenty years or more for crimes they did not commit.However,the goal of the Innocence Project is not simply to set free those who are wrongfully in jail.They also hope to bring about real changes in the criminal justice system.Illinois in the late 1990s,a group of journalism students at Northwestern University were able to bring about such a change in that state.They began investigating some Illinois prisoners who claimed to be inno- cent. Through DNA testing,the students were able to prove that in fact the prisoners were not guilty of the crimes they had been accused of. Thirteen of these men were set free,and in 2000,Governor Ryan of Illinois decided to stop carrying out death sentences until further study could be made of the prisoners' cases。The use of DNA in criminal cases is still being debated around the world.Some fear that governments will one day keep records of everyone'sDNA,which could put limits on the privacy and freedom of citizens. Other people mistrust the science of DNA testing and think that lawyers use it to get their clients free whether or not they are guilty.But for those whose innocence has been proven and who are now free men,DNA testing has meant nothing less than a return to life.And with the careful use of DNA testing,no innocent person should ever be convicted again. The Innocence Project uses DNA testing to
[多选题]共用题干 第三篇The Gene IndustryMajor companies are already in pursuit of commercial applications of the new biology.They dream of placing enzymes in the automobile to monitor exhaust and send data on pollution to a microprocessor that will then adjust the engine. They speak of what the New York Times calls "metal-hungry microbes that might be used to mine valuable trace metal from ocean water".They have already demanded and won the right to patent new life forms.Nervous critics, including many scientists, worry that there is corporate, national, international,and inter-scientific rivalry in the entire biotechnological field.They create images not of oil spills,but of"microbe spills"that could spread disease and destroy entire populations.The creation and accidental release of extremely poisonous microbes,however,is only one cause for alarm.Completely rational and respectable scientists are talking about possibilities that stagger the imagination.Should we breed people with cow一with stomachs so they can digest grass and hay,thereby relieving the food problem by modifying us to eat lower down on the food chain?Should we biologically alter workers to fit the job requirement,for example,creating pilots with faster reaction times or assembly-line workers designed to do our monotonous work for us?Should we attempt to eliminate "inferior" people and breed a"super-race"?(Hitler tried this,but without the genetic weaponry that may soon issue from our laboratories.)Should we produce soldiers to do our fighting?Should we use genetic forecasting to pre-eliminate"unfit"babies?Should we grow reserve organs for ourselves, each of us having,as it were,a"savings bank"full of spare kidney,livers,or hands?Wild as these notions may sound,every one has its advocates(and opposers)in the scientific community as well as its striking commercial application.As two critics of genetic engineering, Jeremy Rifkin and Ted Howard,state in their book Who Should Play God?,"Broad scale genetic engineering will probably be introduced to America much the same way as assembly lines,automobiles,vaccines,computers and all the other technologies.As each new genetic advance becomes commercially practical,a new consumer need will be exploited and a market for the new technology will be created." According to the passage,which of the following would worry the critics the most?
[多选题]共用题干 Phelps Wants to Enjoy Life After Olympic GloryPhelps now has three Olympic records一for winning the most overall medals with 22,________ (46)and for the most gold medals in a single Olympics with eight,which he won in Beijing in 2008.When asked at a news conference in London which medal meant the most to him,Phelps said it was the gold medal he won in Athens for the 400 meter individual medley."That's so hard.I'll probably say that it's my first Olympic gold in 2004 in the 400 I.M,"said Phelps."You know being able to,you know,sort of train your whole life to achieve something and finally getting the gold medal and standing at the top of the podium listening to the national anthemplay,________(47)"Phelps said his goal in London was to break the all-time record for career Olympic medals buthe was initially frustrated after finishing fourth in the 400 meter individual medley.________(48)At 27-years-old,Phelps is now retired from competitive swimming. He said he intends to stay involved with his foundation that promotes water safety and encourages young people to swim.Beyond that,________(49)"And I don't have any fears about the sort of next stage of my life.This is something that is going to be enjoyable,"he said."I've been able to,I've swam for 20 years and I've been able to put my mind to something and achieve everything I ever wanted,and there are a lot of goals that I have,and I have the confidence now that I can achieve anything I put my mind to."Phelps said right now he is a bit overwhelmed and needs time to come to terms with the significance of his Olympic achievements________(50) ________(50)
[多选题]共用题干 Mau Piailug,Ocean NavigatorMau sailed from Hawaii to Tahiti using traditional methods.In early 1976,Mau Piailug,a fisherman,led an expedition in which he sailed a traditional Polynesian boat across 2,500 miles of ocean from Hawaii to Tahiti.The Polynesian Voyaging Society had organised the expe-dition. Its purpose was to find out if seafarers(海员)in the distant past could have found their way from one island to the other without navigational instruments,or whether the islands had been populated by accident. At the time,Mau was the only man alive who knew how to navigate just by observing the stars,the wind and the sea.He had never before sailed to Tahiti,which was a long way to the south.However,he understood how the wind and the sea behave around islands,so he was confident he could find his way.The voyage took him and his crew a month to complete and he did it without a compass or charts.His grandfather began the task of teaching him how to navigate when he was still a baby.He showed him pools of water on the beach to teach him how the behaviour of the waves and wind changed in different places.Later,Mau used a circle of stones to memorise the positions of the stars.Each stone was laid out in the sand to represent a star.The voyage proved that Hawaii's first inhabitants came in small boats and navigated by reading the sea and the stars.Mau himself became a keen teacher,passing on his traditional secrets to people of other cul-tures so that his knowledge would not be lost.He explained the positions of the stars to his students,but he allowed them to write things down because he knew they would never be able to rememnber everything as he had done. Man was familiar with the sea around Tahiti.
[多选题]共用题干 第三篇The Gene IndustryMajor companies are already in pursuit of commercial applications of the new biology.They dream of placing enzymes in the automobile to monitor exhaust and send data on pollution to a microprocessor that will then adjust the engine. They speak of what the New York Times calls "metal-hungry microbes that might be used to mine valuable trace metal from ocean water".They have already demanded and won the right to patent new life forms.Nervous critics, including many scientists, worry that there is corporate, national, international,and inter-scientific rivalry in the entire biotechnological field.They create images not of oil spills,but of"microbe spills"that could spread disease and destroy entire populations.The creation and accidental release of extremely poisonous microbes,however,is only one cause for alarm.Completely rational and respectable scientists are talking about possibilities that stagger the imagination.Should we breed people with cow一with stomachs so they can digest grass and hay,thereby relieving the food problem by modifying us to eat lower down on the food chain?Should we biologically alter workers to fit the job requirement,for example,creating pilots with faster reaction times or assembly-line workers designed to do our monotonous work for us?Should we attempt to eliminate "inferior" people and breed a"super-race"?(Hitler tried this,but without the genetic weaponry that may soon issue from our laboratories.)Should we produce soldiers to do our fighting?Should we use genetic forecasting to pre-eliminate"unfit"babies?Should we grow reserve organs for ourselves, each of us having,as it were,a"savings bank"full of spare kidney,livers,or hands?Wild as these notions may sound,every one has its advocates(and opposers)in the scientific community as well as its striking commercial application.As two critics of genetic engineering, Jeremy Rifkin and Ted Howard,state in their book Who Should Play God?,"Broad scale genetic engineering will probably be introduced to America much the same way as assembly lines,automobiles,vaccines,computers and all the other technologies.As each new genetic advance becomes commercially practical,a new consumer need will be exploited and a market for the new technology will be created." What does Jeremy Rifkin and Ted Howard's statement imply?
[多选题]共用题干 第三篇Oil Industry in NorwayThe Norwegian Government is doing its best to keep the oil industry under control.A new law limits exploration to an area south of the southern end of the long coastline;production limits have been laid down(though these have already been raised);and oil companies have not been allowed to employ more than a limited number of foreign workers.But the oil industry has a way of getting over such problems,and few people believe that the Government will be able to hold things back for long.As an Norwegian politician said last week:"We will soon be changed beyond all recognition."Ever since the war,the Government has been carrying out a program of development in the area north of the Arctic Circle.During the past few years this program has had a great deal of success: Tromso has been built up into a local capital with a university,a large hospital and a healthy industry.But the oil industry has already started to draw people south,and within a few years the whole northern policy could be in ruins.The effects of the oil industry would not be limited to the north,however. With nearly 100 percent employment,everyone can see a situation developing in which the service industries and the tourist industry will lose more of their workers to the oil industry.Some smaller industries might even disappear altogether when it becomes cheaper to buy goods from abroad.The real argument over oil is its threat to the Norwegian way of life.Farmers and fishermen do not make up most of the population,but they are an important part of it,because Norwegians see in them many of the qualities that they regard with pride as essentially Norwegian.And it is the farmers and the fishermen who are most critical of the oil industry because of the damage that it might cause to the countryside and to the sea. In the south,one effect to the development of the oil industry might be________.
[多选题]共用题干 第三篇Dorm CookingLong time ago,eating in an American college dorm meant soup in a hotpot or getting pizza delivered.The most interesting thing about the campus dining hall was often the salad bar.No more.These days,US college students have refined tastes and a growing interest in preparing their own food.Mini-refrigerators and microwaves in dorm rooms are as essential as laptops."The cooking awareness of college students is increasing,"said Tom Post,president of campus dining for Sodexo,a major food service company."Students today grew up watching celebrity chefs on TV,eating organic food and valuing good nutrition."In response,cafeteria menu,have changed.Sodexho's top campus foods for 2009 include Vietnamese noodle soup,goat cheese salad,and Mexican chicken.But colleges are also catering to student demands for more flexible and personalized dining options.Chartwells,the company that prepares food for dining halls at Ohio Wesleyan University in the state of Ohio,offers microwaveable meals that students can take away,as well as a program where students can have food individually prepared.Or they can even do their own cooking.This fall,Sarah Lawrence College in New York will offer students on its meal plan a chance to pick up groceries in the cafeteria as an alternative to a cooked meal."Students want things that are easy to make,things that don't take long and will still taste good,"said Rachel Holcomb,a University of Massachusetts Amherst student who updated recipes for the new edition of The Healthy College Cookbook.Angelo Berti,a chef at the College of the Holy Cross in Worcester,Massachusetts,teaches cooking in dorm kitchens.But Berti says he's not just teaching recipes.He is encouraging students to use dining together as a way to socialize and as a means of self-expression."The meal is your canvas,"Berti said."You paint what you want."That is why at the College of William&Mary in Virginia,students produce a cooking show filmed in a dorm called"Everyday Gourmet".One episode was"Date Night Cooking:A 3-Course meal for under $20,"featuring grilled chicken stuffed with goat cheese and basil. According to the text,which of the following is NOT a basic equipment in today's student dorms?
[多选题]共用题干 InflationBusiness and government leaders also consider the inflation rate to be an important general indicator. Inflation is a period of increased spending that causes rapid rises in prices.________(51)your money buys fewer goods so that you get________(52)for the same amount of money as before,inflation is the problem. There is a general rise________(53)the price of goods and services.Your money buys less.Sometimes people describe inflation as a time when"a dollar is not worth a dollar anymore".Inflation is a problem for all consumers.People who live on a fixed income are hurt the ________(54).Retired people,for instance,cannot count on an increase in income as prices rise. Elderly people who do not work face serious problems in stretching their incomes to________(55) their needs in time of inflation.Retirement income________(56)any fixed income usually does not rise as fast as prices.Many retired people must cut their spending to________(57)rising prices.In many cases they must stop________(58)some necessary items,such as food and clothing. Even________(59)working people whose incomes are going up,inflation can be a problem.The________(60)of living goes up,too.People who work must have even more money to keep up their standard of living.Just buying the things they need costs more.When incomes do not keep________(61)with rising prices,the standard of living goes down.People may be earning the same amount of money,but they are not living as well because they are not able to buy as many goods and services.Government units gather information about prices in our economy and publish it as price indexes ________(62)the rate of change can be determined.A price index measures changes in prices using the price for a________(63)year as the base.The base price is set at 100,and the otherprices are reported as a________(64)of the base price.A price index makes________(65)possible to compare current prices of typical consumer goods,for example,with prices of the samegoods in previous years. _________(65)
[多选题]共用题干 第三篇Animal Testing ControversyTo paraphrase 18th-century statesman Edmund Burke,"All that is needed for the triumph of a misguided cause is that good people do nothing." One such cause now seeks to end biomedical research because of the theory that animals have rights ruling out their use in research.Scientists need to respond forcefully to animal rights advocates,whose arguments are confusing the public and thereby threatening advances in health knowledge and care.Leaders of the animal rights movement target biomedical research because it depends on public funding,and few people understand the process of health care research.Hearing allegations of cruelty to animals in research settings,many are perplexed that anyone would deliberately harm an animal.For example,a grandmotherly woman staffing an animal rights booth at a recent street fair was distributing a brochure that encouraged readers not to use anything that comes from or is animals一no meat,no fur,no medicines.Asked if she opposed immunizations,she wanted to know if vaccines come from animal research.When assured that they do,she replied,"Then I would have to say yes."Asked what will happen when epidemics return,she said,"Don't worry,scientists will find some way of using computers."Such well-meaning people just don't understand.Scientists must communicate their message to the public in a compassionate,understandable way一in human terms,not in the language of molecular biology.We need to make clear the connection between animal research and a grandmother's hip replacement,a father's bypass operation,a baby's vaccinations,and even a pet's shots.To those who are unaware that animal research was nee-- ded to produce these treatments,as well as new treatments and vaccines,animal research seems wasteful at best and cruel at worst.Much can be done.Scientists could"adopt"middle school classes and present their own re-search.They should be quick to respond to letters to the editor,lest animal rights misinformation go unchallenged and acquire a deceptive appearance of truth.Research institutions could be opened to tours,to show that laboratory animals receive humane care.Finally,because the ultimate stakeholders are patients,the health research community should actively recruit to its cause not only well-known personalities such as Stephen Cooper,who has made courageous statements about the value of animal research,but all who receive medical treatment.If good people do nothing there is a real possibility that an uninformed citizenry will extinguish the precious embers of medical progress. The author believes that,in face of the challenge from animal rights advocates,scientists should________.
[多选题]共用题干 第三篇Gross National HappinessIn the last century,new technology improved the lives of many people in many countries. However,one country resisted these changes. High in the Himalayan mountains of Asia,the kingdom of Bhutan remained separate. Its people and Buddhist(佛教)culture had not been affected for almost a thousand years. Bhutan, however,was a poor country.People died at a young age.Most of its people could not read,and they did not know much about the outside world.Then, in 1972,a new ruler named King Jigme Singye Wangchuck decided to help Bhutan to become modern,but without losing its traditions.King Wangchuck looked at other countries for ideas.He saw that most countries measured their progress by their Gross National Product(GNP).The GNP measures products and money.When the number of products sold increases,people say the country is making progress.King Wangchuck had a different idea for Bhutan.He wanted to measure his country's progress by people's happiness.If the people's happiness increased,the king could say that Bhutan was making progress.To decide if people were happier,he created a measure called Gross National Happiness(GNH).GNH is based on certain principles that create happiness.People are happier if they have health care, education,and jobs.They are happier when they live in a healthy,protected environment.They are happier when they can keep their traditional culture and customs.Finally,people are happier when they have a good,stable government.Now there is some evidence of increased GNH in Bhutan.People are healthier and are living longer.More people are educated and employed.Twenty-five percent of the land has become national parks,and the country has almost no pollution.The Bhutanese continue to wear their traditional clothing and follow theirancient Buddhist customs.Bhutan has also become a democracy.In 2008,King Wangchuck gave his power to his son.Although the country still had a king,it held its first democratic elections that year. Bhutan had political parties and political candidates for the first time.Finally,Bhutan has connected to the rest of the world through television and internet.Bhutan is a symbol for social progress.Many countries are now interested in Bhutan's GNH.These countries are investigating their own ways to measure happiness.They want to create new policies that take care of their people,cultures,and land.Brazil may be the nest country to use the principles of GNH.Brazilian leaders see the principles of GNH as a source of inspiration.Brazil is a large country with a diverse population.If happiness works as a measure of progress in Brazil,perhaps the rest of the world will follow. Today,many countries are_________.
[多选题]共用题干 Traffic Jams一No End in Sight1 Traffic congestion(拥堵)affects people throughout the world. Traffic jams cause smog in dozens of cities across both the developed and developing world. In the U. S.,commuters(通勤人员)spend an average of a full working week each year sitting in traffic jams,according to the Texas Transportation Institu-te.While alternative ways of getting around are available,most people still choose their cars because they are looking for convenience,comfort and privacy.2 The most promising technique for reducing city traffic is called congestion pricing,whereby cities charge a toll to enter certain parts of town at certain times of day.In theory,if the toll is high enough,some drivers will cancel their trips or go by bus or train.And in practice it seems to work:Singapore,London and Stockholm have reduced traffic and pollution in city centres thanks to congestion pricing.3 Another way to reduce rush-hour traffic is for employers to implement flexitime,which lets employees travel to and from work at off-peak traffic times to avoid the rush hour. Those who have to travel during busy times can do their part by sharing cars.Employers can also allow more staff to telecommute(work from home)so as to keep more cars off the road altogether.4 Some urban planners still believe that the best way to ease traffic congestion is to build more roads, especially roads that can take drivers around or over crowded city streets.But such techniques do not really keep cars off the road;they only accommodate more of them.5 Other,more forward-thinking,planners know that more and more drivers and cars are taking to the roads every day,and they are unwilling to encourage more private automobiles when public transport is so much better both for people and the environment.For this reason,the American government has decided to spend some$7 billion on helping to increase capacity on public-transport systems and upgrade them with more efficient technologies.But environmentalists complain that such funding is tiny compared with the$50 billion being spent on roads and bridges. Paragraph 1_________
[多选题]共用题干 How Technology Pushes Down Prices1 Prices have fallen in the food business because of advances in food production and distribution tech- nology.Consumers have benefited greatly from those advances.People who predicted that the world would run out of food were wrong. We are producing more and more food with less and less capital.Food is there- fore more plentiful and cheaper than it has ever been.Spending on food compared with other goods has fallen for many years,and continues to drop.2 Supermarkets have helped push down prices mainly because of their scale.Like any big business, they can invest in IT systems that make them efficient. And their size allows them to buy in bulk.As super- markets get bigger,the prices get lower.3 Huge retail companies such as Wal-Mart have tremendous power and they can put pressure on pro- ducers to cut their margins.As a result,some producers have had to make cuts.In recent years,Unilever has cut its workforce by 33,000 to 245,000 and dropped lots of its minor brands as part of its"path to growth"strategy.Cadbury has shut nearly 20 per cent of its 133 factories and cut 10 per cent of its 55,000 global workforce.These cuts help keep costs down,and the price of food stays low.4 Does cheap food make people unhealthy?Cheap food may encourage people to eat more.Food corn- panies certainly think that giving people more food for their money makes them buy more.Giving people bigger portions is an easy way of making them feel they have got a better deal.That is why portions have got larger and larger. In America,soft drinks came in 80z(225 g)cans in the past,then 120z(350g),and now come in 200z(550g)cans.If a company can sell you an 80z portion for$7,they can sell you a 120zportion for$8.The only extra cost to the company is the food,which probably costs 25 cents.5 Now companies are under pressure to stop selling bigger portions for less money.But it is hard to change the trend. Paragraph 3 ___________
[多选题]共用题干 第一篇A Debate on the English LanguageA measure declaring English the national language is under intense debate in the United States. The US Senate passed two declarations last week.One calls English the nation's official language and the other says it is the "common and unifying(统一的)"tongue. But Americans found themselves divided on the issue.Since people worldwide know that most Americans speak only English,many can't understand why the issue is so controversial(有争议的)."The discussion is related to fears of immigration issues,"says Dick Tucker,a social scientist at Pittsburgh's Carnegie Mellon University."It's related to a worry about the changing demography (人口统计)of the US. It's a worry about who will continue to have political and economic influence".In fact,the notion of protecting the language has been kicked around almost since the nation's founding. John Adams lobbied(游说)in 1780 for the creation of a national academy to correct and improve the English language. But his proposal died, since lawmakers saw it as a royalist(保皇主义者)attempt to define personal behavior.Since then,the country hasn't had a national language,but the idea of recognizing the special status of English lived on.The emotions surrounding language resurface(再次浮现)not because people feel comfortable with English.It is more about the discomfort many Americans feel with the new languages,says Walt Wolfram,a professor at North Carolina State University."Language is never about language,"he says.According to the 2000 US Census Bureau report,of 209 million Americans over 18 years old, 172 million speak only English at home.About 37 million speak languages other than English. Among them,6.5 million speak poor English and 3.1 million don't speak English at all. What are the two declarations concerned with?
[多选题]共用题干 第三篇Dorm CookingLong time ago,eating in an American college dorm meant soup in a hotpot or getting pizza delivered.The most interesting thing about the campus dining hall was often the salad bar.No more.These days,US college students have refined tastes and a growing interest in preparing their own food.Mini-refrigerators and microwaves in dorm rooms are as essential as laptops."The cooking awareness of college students is increasing,"said Tom Post,president of campus dining for Sodexo,a major food service company."Students today grew up watching celebrity chefs on TV,eating organic food and valuing good nutrition."In response,cafeteria menu,have changed.Sodexho's top campus foods for 2009 include Vietnamese noodle soup,goat cheese salad,and Mexican chicken.But colleges are also catering to student demands for more flexible and personalized dining options.Chartwells,the company that prepares food for dining halls at Ohio Wesleyan University in the state of Ohio,offers microwaveable meals that students can take away,as well as a program where students can have food individually prepared.Or they can even do their own cooking.This fall,Sarah Lawrence College in New York will offer students on its meal plan a chance to pick up groceries in the cafeteria as an alternative to a cooked meal."Students want things that are easy to make,things that don't take long and will still taste good,"said Rachel Holcomb,a University of Massachusetts Amherst student who updated recipes for the new edition of The Healthy College Cookbook.Angelo Berti,a chef at the College of the Holy Cross in Worcester,Massachusetts,teaches cooking in dorm kitchens.But Berti says he's not just teaching recipes.He is encouraging students to use dining together as a way to socialize and as a means of self-expression."The meal is your canvas,"Berti said."You paint what you want."That is why at the College of William&Mary in Virginia,students produce a cooking show filmed in a dorm called"Everyday Gourmet".One episode was"Date Night Cooking:A 3-Course meal for under $20,"featuring grilled chicken stuffed with goat cheese and basil. ________is NOT on the list of Sodexho's top campus foods for 2009?
[多选题]共用题干 Have You Filled up the Form?Of all things in the world,I most dislike filling up forms;in fact,I have a________(51)horror of it. Applying for a driving license,________(52)for an evening course,booking a holiday abroad一everything nowadays seem to involve________(53)information about one's personal life and habits that has little or nothing to do with the matter________(54)hand.When applying for a job,it may be________(55)some obscure interest to a________(56)employer to learn that I collect stamp or had measles as a child,but why should he conceivably want to know that my father was a tobacconist who died in 1988?The authorities who________(57)one to fill up forms,frequently demand answers to questions that one would hesitate to put________(58)one's intimate friends.The worst of it is that, when________(59)with such questions,my mind goes blank.Have I ever suffered from a serious illness?My mother always assured me I was"delicate".Do I suffer from any personal defects? Well,I wear contact lenses and my upper teeth are not my own,but perhaps the word"defects"________(60)to my character. Am I supposed to________(61)that I like gambling,and find it difficult to get up in the morning?Both of them are true.Of all,I think job applications are the worst,education,previous experience,post held,give________(62)…Terrified by the awful warning about giving false________(63)which appear atthe bottom of the form,I struggle to remember what exams I passed and how long I worked for what firms.________(64)hard I try,there always seems to be a year or two for which I cannot satisfactorily account and which I am certain,if left________(65),will give the impression that I was in prison or engaged in some occupation too dubious to mention. _________(65)
[多选题]共用题干 第二篇Making a Loss Is the Height of FashionGiven that a good year in the haute couture(高级定制女装)business is one where you lose even more money than usual,the prevailing mood in Paris last week was sensational.The big-name designers were fall- ing over themselves to boast of how many outfits they had sold at below cost price,and how this proved that the fashion business was healthier than ever. Jean-Paul Gaultier reported record sales,"but we don't makeany money out of it,"the designer assured journalists backstage."No matter how successful you are,you can't make a profit from couture,"explained Jean-Jacques Picart,a veteran fashion PR man,and co-founder of the now-bankrupt Lacroix house.Almost 20 years have passed since the unusual economics of the couture business were first exposed. Outraged that he was losing money on evening dresses costing tens of thousands of pounds,the couturier Jean-Louis Scherrer published a detailed summary of his costs.One outfit he described curtained over half a mile of gold thread ,18 ,000 sequins(亮片),and had required hundreds of hours of hand-stitching in an ate- her(制作室).A fair price would have been£50 ,000, but the couturier could only get£35,000 for it. Rather than riding high on the foolishness of the super-rich,he and his team could barely feed their hungry families.The result was an outcry and the first of a series of government-and industry-sponsored inquiries into the surreal(超现实的)world of ultimate fashion. The trade continues to insist that couture offers you more than you pay for,but it's not as simple as that.When such a temple of old wealth starts talking about value for money,it jsn't to convince anyone that dresses costing as much as houses are a bargain.Rather,it is to pre- serve the peculiar mystique(神秘),lucrative(利润丰厚的)associations and threatened interests that couture represents.Essentially,the arguments couldn't be simpler. On one side are those who say that the business will die if it doesn't change.On the other are those who say it will die if it does.What's not in doubt is that haute couture一the term translates as"high sewing”一is highly dated. Huge in its costs,tiny in its clientele and questionable in its influence,it still remains one of the great themes of Parisian life.In his book,The Fashion Conspiracy , Nicholas Coleridge estimates that the entire couture industry rests on the whims(一时兴起)of less than 30 immensely wealthy women,and although the number may have grown in recent years with the new prosperity of Asia,the number of couture customers worldwide is no more than 4,000.To qualify as couture,a garment must be entirely handmade by one of the 1 1 Paris couture houses regis- tered to the Chambre Syndicale de la Haute Couture.Each house must employ at least 20 people,and show a minimum of 75 new designs a year. So far, so traditional,but the Big Four operators一Chanel,Dior,Givenchy and Gaultier一increasingly use couture as a marketing device for their far more profitable ready-to-wear,fra- grance and accessory lines. What is the writer's tone towards haute couture business?
[多选题]共用题干 Sex Change Surgery Guidelines DraftedChina is set to issue its first clinical guideline on sex-change surgery,according to a notice put on the website of the Ministry of Health yesterday. The ministry is now soliciting(征求)public and professional __________(51)on the draft guideline.The coming guideline aims to regulate and standardize sex reassign- ment surgery.Experts___________(52)nearly 2,000 Chinese have undergone sex-change surgery while 100,000 to 400,000 are still considering it. However,no official number is available.In the draft,the MOH sets mini-mum _________(53)for both surgical candidates and medical institutions.Candidates for the surgery must be older than 20 and single,the draft guideline said.They are also required to prove a persistent_________(54)for a sex change,to live for at least five consecutive years full-time in the new gender role,and to engage in mental therapy for at least one year.Before surgery can take place,a candidate must receive a recommendation for the operation from a ___________(55)after an appropriate series of therapy sessions.Also,several legal requirements must be met_________(56)the procedure.The candidate must provide proof from police that he or she does not have any criminal_________(57)in the past. Police must also agree to change the sex status on the identity card of the prospective(未来的)receiver before the_________ (58) can take place.The advent(出现)of such a guideline is believed to show that the government is concerned __________(59)the needs of a relatively small number of people who want to change sex.But doctors also warn___________(60)all stakeholders,including the hospital and prospective receivers,should be highly cautious about this surgery.The operation is more than a medical_________(61)due to its huge social and legal consequences. Doctors should make it clear to those__________(62)sex-change surgeries that the option always remains to continue to live in the original role.The guideline_________(63)surgeons to tell patients about other options such as hormone therapy.They are also required to explain the_________(64)involved,and under- lying social barriers including discrimination,and administrative recognition and approval.For the candidates,the surgery itself is not the_________(65)issue in the long run.The real issue is the kind of life he or she will have to lead afterward. _________(53)
[多选题]共用题干 Keeping Cut Flowers(鲜切花)1. While everybody enjoys fresh cut flowers around his/her house,few people know how to keep them for as long as possible .This may be done by keeping in mind a few simple facts.2. An important thing to remember about cut flowers is that they are sensitive to temperature.For example,studies have shown that cut carnations(康乃馨)retain their freshness eight times lon-ger when kept at 12℃than when kept at 26℃.Keeping freshly harvested flowers at the right tem-peratures is probably the most important aspect of flower care.3. Flowers are not intended by nature to live very long.Their biological purpose is simply to at-tract birds or insects,such as bees,for pollination(授粉).After that,they quickly dry up and die. The process by which flowers consume oxygen and produce carbon dioxide(二氧化碳), called respiration(呼吸),generates the energy the flower needs to give the flower its shape and color. The making of seeds also depends on this energy.While all living things respire,flowers have a high level of respiration.A result of all this respiration is heat,and for flowers the level of heat relative to the mass of the flower is very high.Respiration also brings about the eventual death of the flower. Thus the greater the level of respiration,the sooner the flower dies.4. How,then,to control the rate at which flowers die?By controlling respiration.How is respi-ration controlled?By controlling temperature .We know that respiration produces heat,but the re-verse(相反的过程)is also true. Thus by maintaining low temperatures , respiration is reduced and the cut flower will age more slowly.5. Another vital factor in keeping cut flowers is the quality of the water in which they are placed. Flowers find it difficult to“drink”water that is dirty or otherwise polluted.Even when water looks and smells clean,it almost certainly contains harmful substances that can endanger the flowers. To rid the water of these unwanted substances, household chlorine bleach(漂白剂)can be used in small quantities.It is recommended that 15 drops of chlorine bleach(at 4%solution)be add-ed to each litre of water. The water and solution should also be replaced each day. The aging of cut flowers can be slowed down________.
[多选题]共用题干 Electronic MailDuring the past few years,scientists all over the world have suddenly found themselves productively engaged in task they once spent their lives avoiding-writing,any kind of writing,butparticularly letter writing. Encouraged by electronic mail's surprisingly high speed,convenienceand economy,people who never before touched the stuff are regularly,skillfully,even cheerfullytapping out a great deal of correspondence.Electronic networks,woven into the fabric of scientific communication these days,are theroute to colleagues in distant countries,shared data,bulletin boards and electronic journals. Anyone with a personal computer,a modern and the software to link computers over telephone linescan sign on.An estimated five million scientists have done so with more joining every day,mostof them communicating through a bundle of interconnected domestic and foreign routes known collectively as the Internet,or net.E-mail is starting to edge out the fax,the telephone,overnight mail,and of course,land mail.It shrinks time and distance between scientific collaborators,in part because it is conveniently asynchronous(异步的)( Writer can type while their colleagues across time zones sleep; their message will be waiting).If it is not yet speeding discoveries,it is certainly accelerating communication.Jeremy Bernstein,the physicist and science writer,once called E-mail the physicist's umbilical cord(脐带).Later other people , too , have been discovering its connective virtues. Physicists are using it;college students are using it;everybody is using it;and as a sign that it has come of age,the New Yorker has celebrated its liberating presence with a cartoon-an appreciative dog seated at a keyboard,saying happily,“On the Internet,nobody knows you're a dog.” What does the sentence“If it is not yet speeding discoveries,it is certainly accelerating corn-munication”most probably mean?
[多选题]共用题干 Travelling Is My Life1. I am very fortunate.I am now a much-travelled woman,but until I was 20 I had never been anywhere more remote than Londan .And coming from a country village in the far south I was struck by the architectural beauty of the capital.I understood immediately why foreign tourists descend on it in their thousands.2. The first time I traveled abroad was when I went over to France on a cross Channel ferry.It was a school trip to Paris for a week,and I thought it was wonderful.The sights,the sounds,the smells,the language-they were all wonderful. I had never experienced anything like it,and the week had a profound effect on me.It gave me the travel bug!3. As a young girl I was always shy of strangers.I certainly had no plans to travel a lot.I left school and trained as a journalist on a local paper.and somehow slowly began to concentrate on travel .I had a procession of jobs before I got this one with the magazine.Although I still write articles on other subjects,my main occupation now is writing travel and tourism.4. I can appreciate now why tourists go halfway across the world to visit a place.I was brought up in the vicinity of a major British tourist attraction,but never went there myself and couldn't understand foreign visitors.You read about something halfway across the world and want to see it for yourself. I remember that was just why I went walking in the Himalayas and looked up at Everest, and why I went on a strange but wonderful cruise in the Antarctic .You can read about a place,but it is totally different to be there,to see,feel,smell and hear everything yourself.5. Perhaps not surprisingly I have been to a lot of popular tourist resorts in Europe,Africa,the Far East and the West Indies,for example.But I like to try and find those unknown,inaccessible places-not only for myself,but also for people who want something different. Sometimes it's frightening .I remember visiting a village on the side of a steep hill in Bolivia where the inhabitants stood motionless as I walked in and didn't move until I walked out.6. The career of the previous travel writer on the magazine I work for now came to an abrupt end when he quite simply disappeared somewhere in South America.He was on a special journey and had told someone at his hotel that he had found a native to ferry him up a river to some remote villages in the jungle.Nothing has been heard from him since then.One day I'd like to try and find out what happened to him. Before 20 years old,I had______.
[多选题]共用题干 The Storyteller1 Steven Spielberg has always had one goal:to tell as many interesting stories to as many people as possible.The son of a computer scientist and a pianist,Spielberg spent his early childhood in New Jersey and then Arizona.Some of his childhood memories became the inspiration for his filmmaking.2 Even decades later,Spielberg says he has vivid memories of his earliest years,which are the origins of some of his most successful films.He believes that E.T.is the result of the difficult years leading up to his parent ' 5 1966 divorce.He commented,"It is really about a young boy who was in search of some stability in his life."Close Encounters of the Third Kind was inspired by times when the four-year-old Steven and his father would search the skies for meteors(流星).His mother remembers,"He was scared of just about everything.When trees brushed against the house,he would jump into my bad.And that'5 just the kind of scary stuff he would put in films like Poltergeist."3 Spielberg was 1 1 when he first got his hands on his dad'5 movie camera and began shooting short flicks(电影)about flying saucers(飞碟)and World War II battles.These homemade movies gave him a way to escape his fears.From the very beginning,he had a creative imagination.With his talent for scary storytelling, he could terrify his three younger sisters.It also made it easier for him to make friendships.On Boy Scout camping trips,when night fell,young Steven became the center of attention."Steven would start telling his ghost stories,"says Richard Y.Hoffman.Jr.,leader of Troop 294,"and everyone would suddenly get quiet so hat they could all hear."4 Spielberg moved to California with his father and went to high school there,but his grades were so bad that he barely graduated.Both UCLA and USC film schools rejected him,so he entered California State University at Long Beach because it was close to Hollywood.Spielberg was determined to make movies,and he managed to get an unpaid, non-credit internship(实习)in Hollywood.Soon he was given a contract, and he dropped out of college.He never looked back.5 Now,many years later,Spielberg is still telling stories with as much passion as when he was a boy.Ask him where he gets his ideas,and Spielberg will shrug."The process for me is mostly intuitive,"he says."There are films that I feel that I need to make.And it's for a variety of reasons,for personal reasons,or because I just want to have fun.Or maybe because the subject matter is cool,and I think that my kids will like it." Paragraph 3______
[多选题]共用题干 Traffic Jams一No End in Sight1 Traffic congestion(拥堵)affects people throughout the world. Traffic jams cause smog in dozens of cities across both the developed and developing world. In the U. S.,commuters(通勤人员)spend an average of a full working week each year sitting in traffic jams,according to the Texas Transportation Institu-te.While alternative ways of getting around are available,most people still choose their cars because they are looking for convenience,comfort and privacy.2 The most promising technique for reducing city traffic is called congestion pricing,whereby cities charge a toll to enter certain parts of town at certain times of day.In theory,if the toll is high enough,some drivers will cancel their trips or go by bus or train.And in practice it seems to work:Singapore,London and Stockholm have reduced traffic and pollution in city centres thanks to congestion pricing.3 Another way to reduce rush-hour traffic is for employers to implement flexitime,which lets employees travel to and from work at off-peak traffic times to avoid the rush hour. Those who have to travel during busy times can do their part by sharing cars.Employers can also allow more staff to telecommute(work from home)so as to keep more cars off the road altogether.4 Some urban planners still believe that the best way to ease traffic congestion is to build more roads, especially roads that can take drivers around or over crowded city streets.But such techniques do not really keep cars off the road;they only accommodate more of them.5 Other,more forward-thinking,planners know that more and more drivers and cars are taking to the roads every day,and they are unwilling to encourage more private automobiles when public transport is so much better both for people and the environment.For this reason,the American government has decided to spend some$7 billion on helping to increase capacity on public-transport systems and upgrade them with more efficient technologies.But environmentalists complain that such funding is tiny compared with the$50 billion being spent on roads and bridges. Most American drivers think it convenient to_________.
[多选题]共用题干 A Ride in a Cable-carA ride in a cable-car is one of the exciting and enjoyable experiences a child can have.In Switzerland,which is the home of the cable-car,it is used mostly to take tourists up the slope of a mountain,to a restaurant from which one can have a bird-eye view of the surrounding country, or to a top of a ski-run,from which,in winter,skiers glide down the snow covered the slope on skis.In Singapore,however,the cable-car takes one from the summit of a hill on the main island to a low hill on Sentosa,a resort island just off the southern coast.The cable-car is really a carriage which hangs from a strong steel cable suspended in the air. It moves along the cable with other cars on pulleys,the wheels of which a re turned by electric mo-tors .The cars are painted in eye-catching colours and spaced at regular intervals.Each car can seat up six persons.After the passengers have entered a car,they are locked in from outside by an attendant,they have no control over the movement of the car.Before long,the passengers get a breath-taking view through the glass windows of the modern city,the bustling harbour,and the several islands off the coast. The car is suspended so high in the air that slips on the sea look like small boats,and boats like toys.On a clear day,both the sky above and the sea below look beautifully blue.In contrast to the fast-moving traffic on the ground,the cars in the air move in a leisurely manner,allowing passengers more than enough time to take in the scenery during the brief trip to the island of Sentosa.After a few hours on Sentosa,it will be time again to take a cable一car back to Mount Faber. The return journey is no less exciting than the outward trip. The short trip does not bother passengers who want a good view because________.
[多选题]共用题干 Phelps Wants to Enjoy Life After Olympic GloryPhelps now has three Olympic records一for winning the most overall medals with 22,________ (46)and for the most gold medals in a single Olympics with eight,which he won in Beijing in 2008.When asked at a news conference in London which medal meant the most to him,Phelps said it was the gold medal he won in Athens for the 400 meter individual medley."That's so hard.I'll probably say that it's my first Olympic gold in 2004 in the 400 I.M,"said Phelps."You know being able to,you know,sort of train your whole life to achieve something and finally getting the gold medal and standing at the top of the podium listening to the national anthemplay,________(47)"Phelps said his goal in London was to break the all-time record for career Olympic medals buthe was initially frustrated after finishing fourth in the 400 meter individual medley.________(48)At 27-years-old,Phelps is now retired from competitive swimming. He said he intends to stay involved with his foundation that promotes water safety and encourages young people to swim.Beyond that,________(49)"And I don't have any fears about the sort of next stage of my life.This is something that is going to be enjoyable,"he said."I've been able to,I've swam for 20 years and I've been able to put my mind to something and achieve everything I ever wanted,and there are a lot of goals that I have,and I have the confidence now that I can achieve anything I put my mind to."Phelps said right now he is a bit overwhelmed and needs time to come to terms with the significance of his Olympic achievements________(50) ________(48)
[多选题]共用题干 Battle Hymn of Tiger MotherIn general,I think Western parenting gives children too much freedom at too young an age.The average American child spends almost 70 percent more time watching television than attending school.In the recent PISA international tests,the US came out an embarrassing 23rd in science and 34th in math一with Shanghai children ranked No 1.Western children have alarming rates of alcohol and drug abuse and teenage pregnancy,too.On the other hand,American universities continue to be the envy of the world,and the US excels at teaching creativity,innovation and leadership.What are the lessons for China then?Here are a few things China may be able to learn from the West.First,while children in the West have too much choice,their counterparts in China may have too little.In between school,tutoring and lessons,many Chinese children work nonstop,getting little opportunity to have fun with friends,explore on their own and discover what they truly enjoy.What I learned is that as children grow up,parents should listen to their choices more carefully and graduallygive them more freedom to pursue their own passions.Second,Chinese parents should pay more attention to their children's individual personalities. Every child is different. So depending on children's natural predispositions(秉性),different career paths will make them happy. Some people may find it more fulfilling to become a photographer or fashion designer instead of a doctor. If Chinese parents become more open-minded in what they consider"success",it may help lessen the intense competition and pressure that many Chinese children feel.Finally,Chinese parents are good at getting their children to memorize,practice and drill一skills I believe the West needs more of一but they should also find ways to encourage creativity and initiative.My daughters were lucky because my husband taught them the value of independent thinking. He always asked"why".Just because someone told you so,how do you know it's right?Parenting is the hardest job I've ever had.When Lulu rebelled and I began questioning everything I'd done.I feel very lucky that I adjusted in time一today my daughters and I are close friends一and I wanted to share my story with other mothers,because we are all struggling with the same problem:how can we raise happy,strong,self-reliant children? An international test suggests that American children do much better in science while Shanghai children are the best in maths.
[多选题]共用题干 Federal Deposit Insurance CorporationBefore 1933,and particularly during the period 1929—1933,bank failures were not uncom-mon.________(51)a bank overextended itself in creating credit or if several of its important loans could not be________(52),depositors in the bank would frequently become panicky and begin to make large withdrawals.________(53)the bank had only a small number of its deposits backed by currency,the bank would soon be unable to meet withdrawals,and most depositors ________(54)their money.Most frequently a bank merely needed time to improve its cash posi- tion by________(55)some of its loans and not making additional ones.In 1933,the number of bank failures________(56)a peak,forcing the federal government to intervene and ________(57)the banks temporarily.To help restore the public's confidence________(58) banks and strengthen the banking community,Congress passed legislation setting up the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.________(59)corporation,an agency of the federal government, now insures over 90 percent of all mutual savings and commercial bank deposits for________(60) $100,000 per deposit.The FDIC has________(61)its insurance fund by charging member in-stitutions one-twelfth of 1 percent of their total deposits.As a result of the protection provided by the FDIC and through other kinds of supervision, bank failures have been________(62)to a few isolated instances .When deposits are federally insured,people________(63)rush to withdraw their money if they________(64)the financial condition of their bank .The delay gives the banks the necessary time to adjust their cash credit balance,and this action helps to reduce the________(65)of bankruptcy. 65._________
[多选题]共用题干 第一篇The IcemanOn a September day in 1991,two Germans were climbing the mountains between Austria and Italy.Highup on a mountain pass,they found the body of a man lying on the ice.At that height(10,499 feet,or 3,200meters),the ice is usually permanent,but 1991 had been an especially warm year. The mountain ice hadmelted more than usual and so the body had come to the surface.It was lying face downward. The skeleton(骨架)was in perfect condition, except for a wound in the head.There was still skin on the bones and the remains of some clothes.The hands were still holding the wooden handle of an ax and on the feet there were very simple leather and cloth boots.Nearby was a pair of gloves made of tree bark(树皮)and a holder for arrows.Who was this man?How and when had he died?Everybody had a different answer to these questions.Some people thought that it was from this century,perhaps the body of a soldier who died in World War Ⅰ ,since several soldiers had already been found in the area. A Swiss woman believed it might be her father,whohad died in those mountains twenty years before and whose body had never been found.The scientists who rushed to look at the body thought it was probably much older,maybe even a thousand years old.With modern dating techniques,the scientists soon learned that the Iceman was about 5,300 years old. Born in about 3300 B.C.,he lived during the Bronze Age in Europe.At first scientists thought he was probablya hunter who had died in an accident in the high mountains.More recent evidence,however,tells a different story.A new kind of X-ray shows an arrowhead still stuck in his shoulder. It left only a tiny hole in his skin, but it caused internal damage and bleeding. He almost certainly died from this wound,and not from the wound on the back of his head.This means that he was probably in some kind of a battle.It might have been part of a larger war,or he might have been fighting bandits.He might even have been a bandit himself.By studying his clothes and tools,scientists have already learned a great deal from the Iceman about the times he lived in.We may never know the full story of how he died,but he has given us important clues to the history of those distant times. The body of the Iceman was found in the mountains mainly because__________.
[多选题]共用题干 Why So Many ChildrenIn many of the developing countries in Africa and Asia,the population is growing fast.The reason for this is simple:Women in these countries have a high birth rate—from 3 .0 to 7.0 chil-dren per woman.The majority of these women are poor,without the food or resources to care for their families .Why do they have so many children?Why don't they limit the size of their fami-lies?The answer may be that they often have no choice.There are several reasons for this.One reason is economic .In a traditional agricultural economy,large families are helpful. Having more children means having more workers in the fields and someone to take care of the parents in old age.In an industrial economy,the situation is different.Many children do not help a family;instead,they are an expense.Thus,industrialization has generally brought down the birth rate .This was the case in Italy,which was industrialized quite recently and rapidly.In the early part of the twentieth century,Italy was a poor,largely agricultural country with a high birth rate .After World War Ⅱ,Italy's economy was rapidly modernized and industrialized.By the end of the century,the birth rate had dropped to 1.3 children per woman,the world's lowest.However,the economy is not the only important factor that influences birth rate.Saudi Ara-bia,for example,does not have an agriculture-based economy,and it has one of the highest per capita incomes in the world.Nevertheless,it also has a very high birth rate(7.0).Mexico and Indonesia,on the other hand,are poor countries,with largely agricultural economies,but they have recently reduced their population growth.Clearly,other factors are involved.The most important of these is the condition of women.A high birth rate almost always goes together with lack of education and low status for women.Thiswould explain the high birth rate of Saudi Arabia .There,the traditional culture gives women little education or independence and few possibilities outside the home.On the other hand,the im-proved condition of women in Mexico,Thailand,and Indonesia explains the decline in birth rates in these countries.Their governments have taken measures to provide more education and oppotunities for women.Another key factor in the birth rate is birth control.Women may want to limit their families but have no way to do so.In countries where governments have made birth control easily available and inexpensive,birth rates have gone down.This is the case in Singapore,Sri Lanka,and India,as well as in Indonesia,Thailand,Mexico,and Brazil.In these countries,women have also been provided with health care and help in planning their families.These trends show that an effective program to reduce population growth does not have to de-pend on better economic conditions.It can be effective if it aims to help women and meet their needs .Only then,in fact,does it have any real chance of success. In Mexico,Thailand,and Indonesia,the government____.
[多选题]共用题干 第二篇Using Humor EffectivelyIf you intend using humor in your talk to make people smile,you must know how to identify shared experiences and problems.Your humor must be relevant to the audience and should help to show them that you are one of them or that you understand their situation and are in sympathy with their point of view. Depending on whom you are addressing,the problems will be different. if you are talking to a group of managers,you may refer to the disorganized methods of their secretaries;alternatively if you are addressing secretaries,you may want to comment on their disorganized bosses.Here is an example,which I heard at a nurses' convention,of a story which works well because the audience all shared the same view of doctors. A man arrives in heaven and is being shown around by St. Peter. He sees wonderful accommodations,beautiful gardens,sunny weather,and so on.Everyone is very peaceful,polite and friendly until,waiting in a line for lunch,the new arrival is suddenly pushed aside by a man in a white coat,who rushes to the head of the line,grabs his foodand stomps over to a table by himself."Who is that?"the new arrival asked St.Peter."On,that's God,"came the reply,"but sometimes he thinks he's a doctor."If you are part of the group which you are addressing,you will be in a position to know the experiences and problems which are common to all of you and it'll be appropriate for you to make a passing remark about the inedible canteen food or the chairman's notorious bad taste in ties.With other audiences you mustn't attempt to cut in with humor as they will resent an outsider making disrespect remarks about their canteen or their chairman.You will be on safer ground if you stick to scapegoats like the Post Office or the telephone system.If you feel awkward being humorous,you must practice so that it becomes more natural.Include a few casual and apparently off-the-cuff remarks which you can deliver in a relaxed and unforced manner. Often it's the delivery which causes the audience to smile,so speak slowly and remember that a raised eyebrow or an unbelieving look may help to show that you are making a light-hearted remark.Look for the humor' It often comes from the unexpected.A twist on a familiar quote"If at first you don't succeed,give up"or a play on words or on a situation.Search for exaggeration and understatements.Look at your talk and pick out a few words or sentences which you can turn about and inject with humor. The joke about doctors implies that,in the eyes of nurses,they are________.
[多选题]共用题干 What's Killing the Bats?First it was bees .Now it is bats.Biologists in America are working hard to discover the cause of the mysterious deaths of tens of thousands of bats in the northeastern part of the country.Most of the bats affected are the common little brown bats(Myotis lucfugus),but other species, such as the long-eared bat,the small-footed bat,the eastern pipistrelle,and the Indiana bat have also been affected.In some caves,more than 90 percent of the bat populations have died.One possibility is disease. A white fungus(真菌)known as fusarium has been found on the noses of both living and dead bats.However,scientists don't know if the fungus is the primary cause of death,a secondary cause of death,or not a cause at all,but the result of some other conditions.Another possible cause is a lack of food.For example,bats typically eat a large number of moths(蛾),and in some states such as New York,the number of moths has been declining in recent years.If bats can't eat enough food,they starve to death.Still other scientists believe that global warming is to blame.Warmer temperatures in recent years have been waking up hibernating(冬眠)bats earlier than usual. If bats break their hibernation at the wrong time,they might not find their expected food sources.The weather might also turn cold again and weaken or kill the bats.Scientists might not agree on the causes of the bat die-off,but they do agree on the consequences.Bats are an important predator of mosquitoes;a single brown bat can eat 1,000 or more insects in an hour. They also eat beetles and other insects that damage plant crops.If there aren't enough bats,damage will be great from the insects they eat.While bats live a long time for their size-the little brown bat can live for more than 30 years-a female bat has only one baby per year,so bat populations grow slowly. Many bat species in the United States are already protected or endangered.How can you help?Do not disturb sleeping or nesting bats.If you discover bats that seem to be sick or that are dead,contact your local Fish&Wildlife Department with the details.However,be careful not to touch the animals. What does the first sentence in Paragraph 1 mean?
[多选题]共用题干 第二篇Few Facts about LiesWhat exactly is a lie?Is it anything we say which we know is untrue?Or is it something more than that?For example,suppose a friend wants to borrow some money from you.You say"I wish I could help you but I'm short of money myself."In fact,you are not short of money but your friend is in the habit of not paying his debts and you don't want to hurt his feelings by reminding him of this. Is this really a lie?Professor Jereald Jellison of the University of Southern California has made a scientific study of lying. According to him,women are better liars than men,particularly when telling a"white lie," such as when a woman at a party tells another woman that she likes her dress when she really thinks it looks awful.However,this is only one side of the story. Other researchers say that men are more likely tell more serious lies,such as making a promise which they have no intention of fulfilling. This is the kind of lie politicians and businessmen are supposed to be particularly skilled at:the lie from which the liar hopes to profit or gain in some way.Research has also been done into the way people's behavior changes in a number of small,apparently unimportant ways when they lie.It has been found that if they are sitting down at the time, they tend to move about in their chairs more than usual.To the trained observer they are saying"I wish I were somewhere else now."They also tend to touch certain parts of the face more often,in particular the nose.One explanation of this may be that lying causes a slight increase in blood pressure.The tip of the nose is very sensitive to such changes and the increased pressure makes it itch (痒).Another gesture which gives liars away is what the writer Demond Morris in his book Manwatching calls"the mouth cover".He says there are several typical forms of this,such as covering part of the mouth with the fingers,touching the upper-lip or putting a finger of the hand at one side of the mouth.Such a gesture can be interpreted as an unconscious attempt on the part of the liar to stop himself or herself from lying.Of course,such gestures as rubbing the nose or covering the mouth,or moving about in a chair cannot be taken as proof that the speaker is lying. They simply tend to occur more frequently in this situation. It is not one gesture alone that gives the liar away but a whole number of things,and,in particularly,the context in which the lie is told. Which of the following is not a gesture to suggest that one lied?
[多选题]共用题干 第二篇Making a Loss Is the Height of FashionGiven that a good year in the haute couture(高级定制女装)business is one where you lose even more money than usual,the prevailing mood in Paris last week was sensational.The big-name designers were fall- ing over themselves to boast of how many outfits they had sold at below cost price,and how this proved that the fashion business was healthier than ever. Jean-Paul Gaultier reported record sales,"but we don't makeany money out of it,"the designer assured journalists backstage."No matter how successful you are,you can't make a profit from couture,"explained Jean-Jacques Picart,a veteran fashion PR man,and co-founder of the now-bankrupt Lacroix house.Almost 20 years have passed since the unusual economics of the couture business were first exposed. Outraged that he was losing money on evening dresses costing tens of thousands of pounds,the couturier Jean-Louis Scherrer published a detailed summary of his costs.One outfit he described curtained over half a mile of gold thread ,18 ,000 sequins(亮片),and had required hundreds of hours of hand-stitching in an ate- her(制作室).A fair price would have been£50 ,000, but the couturier could only get£35,000 for it. Rather than riding high on the foolishness of the super-rich,he and his team could barely feed their hungry families.The result was an outcry and the first of a series of government-and industry-sponsored inquiries into the surreal(超现实的)world of ultimate fashion. The trade continues to insist that couture offers you more than you pay for,but it's not as simple as that.When such a temple of old wealth starts talking about value for money,it jsn't to convince anyone that dresses costing as much as houses are a bargain.Rather,it is to pre- serve the peculiar mystique(神秘),lucrative(利润丰厚的)associations and threatened interests that couture represents.Essentially,the arguments couldn't be simpler. On one side are those who say that the business will die if it doesn't change.On the other are those who say it will die if it does.What's not in doubt is that haute couture一the term translates as"high sewing”一is highly dated. Huge in its costs,tiny in its clientele and questionable in its influence,it still remains one of the great themes of Parisian life.In his book,The Fashion Conspiracy , Nicholas Coleridge estimates that the entire couture industry rests on the whims(一时兴起)of less than 30 immensely wealthy women,and although the number may have grown in recent years with the new prosperity of Asia,the number of couture customers worldwide is no more than 4,000.To qualify as couture,a garment must be entirely handmade by one of the 1 1 Paris couture houses regis- tered to the Chambre Syndicale de la Haute Couture.Each house must employ at least 20 people,and show a minimum of 75 new designs a year. So far, so traditional,but the Big Four operators一Chanel,Dior,Givenchy and Gaultier一increasingly use couture as a marketing device for their far more profitable ready-to-wear,fra- grance and accessory lines. According to the second paragraph,Jean-Louis Scherrer
[多选题]共用题干 第三篇Animal Testing ControversyTo paraphrase 18th-century statesman Edmund Burke,"All that is needed for the triumph of a misguided cause is that good people do nothing." One such cause now seeks to end biomedical research because of the theory that animals have rights ruling out their use in research.Scientists need to respond forcefully to animal rights advocates,whose arguments are confusing the public and thereby threatening advances in health knowledge and care.Leaders of the animal rights movement target biomedical research because it depends on public funding,and few people understand the process of health care research.Hearing allegations of cruelty to animals in research settings,many are perplexed that anyone would deliberately harm an animal.For example,a grandmotherly woman staffing an animal rights booth at a recent street fair was distributing a brochure that encouraged readers not to use anything that comes from or is animals一no meat,no fur,no medicines.Asked if she opposed immunizations,she wanted to know if vaccines come from animal research.When assured that they do,she replied,"Then I would have to say yes."Asked what will happen when epidemics return,she said,"Don't worry,scientists will find some way of using computers."Such well-meaning people just don't understand.Scientists must communicate their message to the public in a compassionate,understandable way一in human terms,not in the language of molecular biology.We need to make clear the connection between animal research and a grandmother's hip replacement,a father's bypass operation,a baby's vaccinations,and even a pet's shots.To those who are unaware that animal research was nee-- ded to produce these treatments,as well as new treatments and vaccines,animal research seems wasteful at best and cruel at worst.Much can be done.Scientists could"adopt"middle school classes and present their own re-search.They should be quick to respond to letters to the editor,lest animal rights misinformation go unchallenged and acquire a deceptive appearance of truth.Research institutions could be opened to tours,to show that laboratory animals receive humane care.Finally,because the ultimate stakeholders are patients,the health research community should actively recruit to its cause not only well-known personalities such as Stephen Cooper,who has made courageous statements about the value of animal research,but all who receive medical treatment.If good people do nothing there is a real possibility that an uninformed citizenry will extinguish the precious embers of medical progress. From the text we learn that Stephen Cooper is________.
[多选题]共用题干 To Have and Have NotIt had been boring hanging about the hotel all afternoon.The road crew were playing a game with dollar notes.Folding them into small planes to see whose would fly the furthest.Having nothing better to do,I joined in and won five,and then took the opportunity to escape with my profit. Despite the evil-looking clouds,I had to get out for a while.I headed for a shop on the other side of the street. Unlike the others,it didn't have a sign shouting its name and business,and instead of the usual impersonal modern lighting,there was an appealing glow inside.Strangely nothing was displayed in the window.Not put off by this,I went inside.It took my breath away.I didn't know where to look,where to start. On one wall there hung three hand-stitched American quilts that were in such wonderful condition they might have been newly -made .I came across tin toys and antique furniture,and on the wall in front of me,a 1957 stratocaster guitar,also in excellent condition.A card pushed between the strings said $50.I ran my hand along a long shelf of records,reading their titles.And there was more..."Can I help you?"She startled me.I hadn't even seen the woman behind the counter come in.The way she looked at me,so directly and with such power. It was a look of such intensity that for a moment I felt as if I were wrapped in some kind of magnetic or electrical field.I found it hard to take and almost turned away.But though it was uncomfortable.I was fascinated by the experi- ence of her looking straight into me,and by the feeling that I was neither a stranger,nor strange, to her.Besides amusement her expression showed sympathy. It was impossible to tell her age.She reminded me faintly of my grandmother because,although her eyes were friendly.I could see that she was not a woman to fall out with .I spoke at last."I was just looking really",I said,though secretly wondering how much of the stuff I could cram into the bus.The woman turned away and went at once towards a back room,indicating that I should follow her. But it in no way lived up to the first room.The light made me feel peculiar,too.It came from an oil lamp that was hung from the centre of the ceiling and created huge shadows over eve-rything. There were no rare electric guitars,no old necklaces,no hand-painted boxes with deli-cate flowers.It was also obvious that it must have taken years,decades,to collect so much rub-bish,so many old documents arid papers.I noticed some old books,whose gold lettering had faded, making their titles impossible to read."they look interesting",I said,with some hesitation."To be able to understand that kind of writing you must first have had a similar experience",she said clearly.She noted the confused look on my face,but didn't add anything.She reached up for a small book which she handed to me."This is the best book I can give you at the moment",she laughed."If you use it."I opened the book to find it full,or rather empty,with blank white pages,but paid her the few dollars she asked for it,becoming embar-rassed when I realised the notes were still folded into little paper planes.I put the book in my pocket,thanked her and left. The writer disliked the back room because______.
[多选题]共用题干 第二篇Using Humor EffectivelyIf you intend using humor in your talk to make people smile,you must know how to identify shared experiences and problems.Your humor must be relevant to the audience and should help to show them that you are one of them or that you understand their situation and are in sympathy with their point of view. Depending on whom you are addressing,the problems will be different. if you are talking to a group of managers,you may refer to the disorganized methods of their secretaries;alternatively if you are addressing secretaries,you may want to comment on their disorganized bosses.Here is an example,which I heard at a nurses' convention,of a story which works well because the audience all shared the same view of doctors. A man arrives in heaven and is being shown around by St. Peter. He sees wonderful accommodations,beautiful gardens,sunny weather,and so on.Everyone is very peaceful,polite and friendly until,waiting in a line for lunch,the new arrival is suddenly pushed aside by a man in a white coat,who rushes to the head of the line,grabs his foodand stomps over to a table by himself."Who is that?"the new arrival asked St.Peter."On,that's God,"came the reply,"but sometimes he thinks he's a doctor."If you are part of the group which you are addressing,you will be in a position to know the experiences and problems which are common to all of you and it'll be appropriate for you to make a passing remark about the inedible canteen food or the chairman's notorious bad taste in ties.With other audiences you mustn't attempt to cut in with humor as they will resent an outsider making disrespect remarks about their canteen or their chairman.You will be on safer ground if you stick to scapegoats like the Post Office or the telephone system.If you feel awkward being humorous,you must practice so that it becomes more natural.Include a few casual and apparently off-the-cuff remarks which you can deliver in a relaxed and unforced manner. Often it's the delivery which causes the audience to smile,so speak slowly and remember that a raised eyebrow or an unbelieving look may help to show that you are making a light-hearted remark.Look for the humor' It often comes from the unexpected.A twist on a familiar quote"If at first you don't succeed,give up"or a play on words or on a situation.Search for exaggeration and understatements.Look at your talk and pick out a few words or sentences which you can turn about and inject with humor. To achieve the desired result,humorous stories should be delivered________.
[多选题]共用题干 第二篇The Exploding Lakes of CameroonWhat comes to mind when you think of a lake?You probably imagine a pretty scene with blue water,birds,and fish.For the people in the northwestern Cameroon,however,the image is very different. For them,lakes may mean terrible disasters.In 1984,poisonous gases exploded out of Lake Monoun and came down into the nearby villages,killing thirty-seven people.Two years later,Lake Nyos erupted.A cloud of gases rolled down the hills and into the valleys and killed 1,700 people.Lake Nyos and Lake Monoun are crater(火山口)lakes. They were formed when water collected in the craters of old volcanoes.The volcanoes under Lake Nyos and Lake Monoun are not active anymore.However,poisonous gases from the center of the earth continue to flow up through cracks in the bottom of the lake.This is normal in a crater lake.In most crater lakes,these gases are released often because the water"turns over"regularly.That is,the water from the bottom of the lake rises and mixes with the water at the top,allowing the gases to escape slowly.However,in Lakes Nyos and Monoun,there is no regular turning over. No one knows the reason for this fact,but as a result,these lakes have more gases trapped at the bottom than other crater lakes.In fact,scientists who have studied Lakes Nyos and Monoun have found 16,000 times more gases. When a strong wind , cool weather, a storm, or a landslide(滑坡)causes the water to turn over suddenly,the gases escape in a violent explosion.In the past,no one knew when the gases might explode,so there was no way for the villagers to escape disaster. Now scientists from the United States,France,and Cameroon have found a way to reduce the gas pressure at the bottom of Lake Nyos.They stood a 672-foot plastic pipe in the middle of the lake,with one end of the pipe near the bottom and the other end in the air. Near the top of the pipe,the team put several holes that could be opened or closed by a computer. Now,when the gas pressure gets too high,the holes are opened and some of the gas-filled water shoots up through the nine into the air like a fountain.With less pressure,a disastrous explosion is much less likely.However,the scientists are not sure that one pipe will be enough to prevent explosions.They hope to put in others soon and they plan to install a similar pipe and a computer system at Lake Monoun as well.To protect people nearby until all of the pipes are in place,the scientists have installed early warning systems at both lakes.If the gas pressure rises to a dangerous level,computers will set off loud sirens(警报)and bright lights to warn the people in the villages. In that way,they will have time to escape from the dangerous gases. Lake Nyos and Lake Monoun explode because________.
[多选题]共用题干 Have You Filled up the Form?Of all things in the world,I most dislike filling up forms;in fact,I have a________(51)horror of it. Applying for a driving license,________(52)for an evening course,booking a holiday abroad一everything nowadays seem to involve________(53)information about one's personal life and habits that has little or nothing to do with the matter________(54)hand.When applying for a job,it may be________(55)some obscure interest to a________(56)employer to learn that I collect stamp or had measles as a child,but why should he conceivably want to know that my father was a tobacconist who died in 1988?The authorities who________(57)one to fill up forms,frequently demand answers to questions that one would hesitate to put________(58)one's intimate friends.The worst of it is that, when________(59)with such questions,my mind goes blank.Have I ever suffered from a serious illness?My mother always assured me I was"delicate".Do I suffer from any personal defects? Well,I wear contact lenses and my upper teeth are not my own,but perhaps the word"defects"________(60)to my character. Am I supposed to________(61)that I like gambling,and find it difficult to get up in the morning?Both of them are true.Of all,I think job applications are the worst,education,previous experience,post held,give________(62)…Terrified by the awful warning about giving false________(63)which appear atthe bottom of the form,I struggle to remember what exams I passed and how long I worked for what firms.________(64)hard I try,there always seems to be a year or two for which I cannot satisfactorily account and which I am certain,if left________(65),will give the impression that I was in prison or engaged in some occupation too dubious to mention. _________(51)
[多选题]共用题干 第二篇I was blind,but I was ashamed of it if it was known.I refused to use a white stick and hated asking for help.After all,I was a teenager girl,and I couldn't bear people to look at me and think I was not like them. I must have been a terrible danger on the roads,coming across me wandering through the traffic,motorists probably would have to step rapidly on their brakes.Apart from that, there were all sorts of disasters that used to occur on the way to and from work.One evening,I got off the bus about halfway home where I had to change buses,and as usual I ran into something."I'm awfully sorry,"I said and stepped forward only to run into it again. When it happened a third time,I realized I had been apologizing to a lamppost. This was just one of the stupid things that constantly happened to me.So I carried on and found the bus stop,which was a request stop,where the bus wouldn't stop unless passengers wanted to get on or off. No one else was there and I had to try to guess if the bus had arrived.Generally in this situation,because I hated showing I was blind by asking for help,I tried to guess at the sound. Sometimes I would stop a big lorry and stand there feeling stupid as it drew away.In the end,I usually managed to swallow my pride and ask someone at the stop for help.But on this particular evening no one joined me at the stop;It seemed that everyone had suddenly decided not to travel by bus.Of course I heard plenty of buses pass,or I thought I did.But because I had given up stopping them for fear of making a fool of myself,I let them all go by.I stood there alone for half an hour without stopping one.Then I gave up.I decided to walk on to the next stop. The girl refused to ask for help because she thought________.
[多选题]共用题干 Are You a Successful Leader?1 Almost nothing we do in this world is done in isolation.At work or at play,you'll find yourself in groups,working with other people:your team at work,a meeting with colleagues,your family,a holiday with friends,a group of students working together,a day out walking in the mountains,a group of neighbours want- ing to make changes.It is now recognized that being able to work successfully with other people is one of the major keys to success,partly because we need to do it so often.2 In almost every situation where you're in a group,you will need a skilled leader. All groups need leaders and all successful groups have good leaders.Groups without leaders or with weak leaders almost always break down. Members of a leaderless group often begin to feel dissatisfied and frustrated.Time is wasted and the tasks are not achieved.There are often arguments and tensions between people as there is nobody to keep the goals clear. Some personalities dominate and others disappear. Often group members begin not to come to meetings in order to avoid more disharmony.3 Some people are natural leaders.The celebrity chef,Antonio Carluccio says,"True leaders are born and you can spot them in kitchens."They're people who combine toughness,fairness and humour. Although a lot of people agree that there are some natural-born leaders,most people now recognize that leadership can also be taught.Our professional and experienced staff can train almost anyone how to be a successful leader. Good leaders don't make people do things in a bossy,controlling way.You can learn how to involve everyone, encouraging the whole group to work towards a common goal.4 Our training courses use activities and techniques to develop a range of qualities which are necessary to be a good leader. Seff-confidence is vital and being able to overcome your own fears about being a leader.Successful leaders also need to be calm and intelligent.They need to be able to work out good strategies and make sound judgements under pressure.Lastly,and probably most importantly,good leaders need to be sensi- tive,sociable and be able to get on with a wide range of people.Good leadership is essentially the ability to influence others and good leaders allow all members of the group to contribute. Paragraph 2________
[多选题]共用题干 Is There a Way to Keep the Britain's Economy GrowingIn today's knowledge economy,nations survive on the things they do best. The Japanese design electronics while Germens export engineering techniques.The French serve the best food and Americans make computers.Britain specializes in the gift of talking.The nation doesn't manufacture much of anything.But it has lawyers,stylists and business consultants who earn their living from talk,talk and more talk. The World Foundation think tank says the UK's four iconic(标志性的)jobs today are not scientists,engineers,teachers and nurses.Instead,they're hairdressers,celebrities,management consultants and managers .But can all this talking keep the British economy going?TheBritish government thinks it can.Although the country's trade deficit was more than£60 billion in 2006,UK's largest in the postwar period,officials say the country has nothing to worry about.In fact,Britain does have a world-class pharmaceutical(制药的)industry , and it still makes a small sum from selling arms abroad. It also trades services-accountancy,insurance, banking and advertising.The government believes Britain is on the cutting edge of the knowledge economy.After all,the country ofShakespeare and Wordsworth has a literary tradition of which to be proud,Rock“n”roll is anEnglish language medium,and there are billions to be made by their cutting-edge bands.In other words,the creative economy has plenty of strength to carry the British economy.However,creative industries account for only about 4 percent of UK's exports of goods and services .The industries are finding it hard to make a profit,according to a report of the NationalEndowment for Science,Technology and the Arts .The report shows only 38 percent of British companies were engaged in“innovation activities”,3 percentage points below the EU average and well below Germany(61 percent)and Sweden(47 percent).In fact,it might be better to call Britain a“servant”economy-there are at least 4 million people“in service”.The majority of the population are employed by the rich to cook,clean,and take care of their children.Many graduates are even doing menial jobs for which they do not need a degree.Most employment growth has been,and will continue to be,at the low-skill end of the service sector-in shops,bars,hotels,domestic service and in nursing and care homes. It can be inferred from the passage that_____.
[多选题]共用题干 Coming Soon to a Theater Near You!What are special effects?Do you enjoy movies that use a lot of special effects Dinosaurs(恐 龙)from the distant past!Space battles from the distant future!There has been a revolution in special effects,and it has transformed the movies we see.The revolution began in the mid 1970s with George Lucas's Star Wars,a film that stunned (使震惊)audiences. That revolution continues to the present,with dramatic changes in special-effects technology.The company behind these changes is Lucas's Industrial Light&Magic (ILM).And the man behind the company is Dennis Muren,who has worked with Lucas since Star Wars.Muren's interest in special effects began very early.At the age of 6,he was photographing toy dinosaurs and spaceships.At10,he had an 8 millimeter movie camera and was making these things move through stop-motion.(Stop-motion is a process in which objects are shot with a camera,moved slightly,shot again,and so on .When the shots are put together,the objects appear to move.)Talk to Muren and you'll understand what ILM is all about:taking on new challenges.By 1989,Muren decided he had pushed the old technology as far as it would go.He saw computer graphics(图像)( CG ) technology as the wave of the future and took a year off to master it.With CG technology,images can be scanned into a computer for processing,for example, and many separate shots can be combined into a single image.CG technology has now reached the point,Muren says,where special effects can be used to do just about anything so that movies can tell stories better than ever before. The huge success of Jurassic Park and its sequel(续集),The Lost World,the stars of which were computer-generated dinosaurs,suggests that this may very well be true. At the age of 10,Muren was able to use computer graphics technology to make things move.
[多选题]共用题干 “Salty” Rice Plant Boosts HarvestsBritish scientists are breeding a new generation of rice plants that will be able to grow in soil containing salt water. Their work may enable abandoned farms to become productive once more.Tim Flowers and Tony Yeo,from Sussex University's School of Biological Sciences,have spent several years researching how crops,such as rice,could be made to grow in water that has become salty.The pair have recently begun a three-year programme,funded by the Biotechnology and Bio-logical Sciences Research Council,to establish which genes enable some plants to survive salty conditions.The aim is to breed this capability into crops,starting with rice.It is estimated that each year more than 10m hectares(公顷)of agricultural land are lost because salt gets into the soil and stunts(妨碍生长)plants. The problem is caused by several fac- tors. In the tropics, mangroves(红树林)that create swamps(沼泽)and traditionally formed barriers to sea water have been cut down.In the Mediterranean,a series of droughts have caused the water table to drop,allowing sea water to seep(渗透)in. In Latin America , irrigation often causes problems when water is evaporated(蒸发)by the heat,leaving salt deposits behind.Excess salt then enters the plants and prevents them functioning normally.Heavy concentra-tions of minerals in the plants stop them drawing up the water they need to survive.To overcome these problems,Flowers and Yeo decided to breed rice plants that take in very little salt and store what they do absorb in cells that do not affect the plants' growth.They have started to breed these characteristics into a new rice crop,but it will take about eight harvests before the resulting seeds are ready to be considered for commercial use.Once the characteristics for surviving salty soil are known,Flowers and Yeo will try to breed the appropriate genes into all manners of crops and plants.Land that has been abandoned to na-ture will then be able to bloom again,providing much needed food in the poorer countries of the world. The attitude of the author towards the research project is_______.
[多选题]共用题干 The Interpersonal Skills of Children Without SiblingsMany parents may think that each new sibling(兄弟姐妹)offers their children the gift of companionship.But while we tend to think that siblings teach one another conflict resolution and other interpersonal skills,new research says they are no better off socially than children without siblings."Most studies look at the negative consequences of having siblings in terms of educational outcome,"said Donna Bobbitt-Zeher,lead author of Good for Nothing?Number of Siblings and Friendship Nominations Among Adolescents."But we decided to look at social skills to see if there was any other possible benefit to having brothers or sisters."She and her co-author,Douglas Downey are sociologists at Ohio State's Marion campus,and neither is an only child.They presented their findings at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association in August.The paper is in large part a reply to a previous study,Playing Well With Others in Kindergarten:The Benefits of Siblings at Home,also co-authored by Dr. Downey,which found that kindergarten teachers rated children without siblings worse in interpersonal skills,self-control and problem behaviors.But an only child isn't necessarily a loner and misfit.First,the social advantages found in children with siblings in the kindergarten study were quite modest.Second,the study relied on teacher evaluations,and teachers may not be reliable judges of friendships among their charges.And now it seems that any benefits documented in kindergarten disappear altogether by middle school. Using a metric called"peer nomination(提名)",Dr. Downey and Dr. Bobbitt Zeher found that children without siblings had just as many friends as,children with siblings."I see the two studies as a natural progression,showing what happens to the only children who didn't have much interaction before kindergarten,"Dr. Downey said.Another study he is working on shows that the same only children evaluated in kindergarten had caught up by fifth grade.While the studies don't examine the cause for the disappearing social boost to kindergartners with siblings,Dr. Downey speculates that continuing school,youth clubs and other group activities一especially in an era of overscheduled children一provide sufficient opportunity for onlys to sharpen their skills. Paragraph 2________
[多选题]共用题干 第二篇Using Humor EffectivelyIf you intend using humor in your talk to make people smile,you must know how to identify shared experiences and problems.Your humor must be relevant to the audience and should help to show them that you are one of them or that you understand their situation and are in sympathy with their point of view. Depending on whom you are addressing,the problems will be different. if you are talking to a group of managers,you may refer to the disorganized methods of their secretaries;alternatively if you are addressing secretaries,you may want to comment on their disorganized bosses.Here is an example,which I heard at a nurses' convention,of a story which works well because the audience all shared the same view of doctors. A man arrives in heaven and is being shown around by St. Peter. He sees wonderful accommodations,beautiful gardens,sunny weather,and so on.Everyone is very peaceful,polite and friendly until,waiting in a line for lunch,the new arrival is suddenly pushed aside by a man in a white coat,who rushes to the head of the line,grabs his foodand stomps over to a table by himself."Who is that?"the new arrival asked St.Peter."On,that's God,"came the reply,"but sometimes he thinks he's a doctor."If you are part of the group which you are addressing,you will be in a position to know the experiences and problems which are common to all of you and it'll be appropriate for you to make a passing remark about the inedible canteen food or the chairman's notorious bad taste in ties.With other audiences you mustn't attempt to cut in with humor as they will resent an outsider making disrespect remarks about their canteen or their chairman.You will be on safer ground if you stick to scapegoats like the Post Office or the telephone system.If you feel awkward being humorous,you must practice so that it becomes more natural.Include a few casual and apparently off-the-cuff remarks which you can deliver in a relaxed and unforced manner. Often it's the delivery which causes the audience to smile,so speak slowly and remember that a raised eyebrow or an unbelieving look may help to show that you are making a light-hearted remark.Look for the humor' It often comes from the unexpected.A twist on a familiar quote"If at first you don't succeed,give up"or a play on words or on a situation.Search for exaggeration and understatements.Look at your talk and pick out a few words or sentences which you can turn about and inject with humor. The tone of the author is________.
[多选题]共用题干 Waste Not,Want Not1 Bob and Clara Darlington,who own and run a farm in the North of England,have always looked for new ways of making money out of the produce they grow.Their success began when they established a shop on their farm so that people could come and buy fresh vegetables directly from them.2 The business was an immediate success,and soon scored top marks in a competition set up by the Farm Retail Association to find the best farm shop in the country.The Association's inspectors found the Darlingtons' shop offered excellent service and value for money as well as quality fruit and vegetables.3 Clara Darlington is a trained chef and,in addition to a range of home-grown foods and other local produce,she began offering a variety of prepared meals which she had made herself in the farmhouse kitchen. A small cafe alongside the farm shop was soon added,with everything that visitors could taste on the menu also being for sale in the shop.4 Clara admits that starting the business was expensive,and she has worked very hard,but maintains that if the product is good,the public will recognize this and buy it."I aim to offer the highest quality to our cus- tomers,whether they come in for a loaf of bread,or take a whole dinner-party menu.I take it as a compliment (恭维)if people take home one of my dishes to serve to their family and friends and get away with preten- ding they made it themselves."5 The couple realized that they had a surplus of misshapen or damaged vegetables grown on the farm which were unsuitable for selling in the shop.Clara,not wishing to see them get thrown away,decided to turn them into soup.6 The soup met with the immediate approval of customers to the shop and Clara now produces ten different varieties. She spent much of the summer traveling up and down to London by rail,doing presentations of the soups.As a result,they are now served in first-class railway restaurant cars belonging to three companies as well as being stocked by a number of high-class London stores. Instead of throwing the damaged vegetables away,the couple__________.
[多选题]共用题干 Father's Day:All Happy Families Are AlikeSome writers are so consumed by their art that their families are eclipsed,while other writers manage an enviable closeness with their loved ones.On the occasion of Father's Day,RBTH recalls what kind of fathers the great Russian writers were and what became of their children.Leo Tolstoy,the giant of Russian literature,and his wife Sofia had 13 children,five of whom died in childhood.Tolstoy was very attentive to his family,but as his daughter Tatyana recalled, "________(46)"Tolstoy was more interested in them when they had grown up a little,when he would play with them and tell them stories.His love for his family did not deter the Count and prominent writer from giving away his property to the poor,________(47)The youngest daughter Alexandra became closest of all to Tolstoy, and she became the literary executor of his estate.Today there are more than 400 descendants of Tolstoy,the most famous of which is the writer Tatyana Tolstaya and her son Artemy Lebedev,a designer and popular blogger. Vladimir Tolstoy is the director of the"Yasnaya Polyana"Museum on the Tolstoy family estate,________(48)Four children were born to the jewel in the crown of Russian literature,the poet Alexander Pushkin,and his wife Natalya: daughters Maria and Natalya and sons Alexander and Grigory. Pushkin became distraught(忧心如焚的)when he first saw his daughter Maria. Considering himself unattractive and finding her to resemble him,________(49)But he was worrying unduly.Maria grew into a pretty young girl and a future lady-in-waiting(侍女)to the Empress, and some say that Tolstoy even gave her likeness to Anna Karenina. His eldest son Alexander emerged as a hero of the Russian-Turkish war and attained the rank of general,while the youngest son Grigory became a magistrate(法官).Pushkin's youngest daughter,the beautiful Natalya,was born just eight months before her father's fateful duel. She became the morganatic(非皇室的)spouse of the Prussian Prince Nikolai. Maria and Grigory did not have children,while Alexander fathered 13,and Natalya six.________ (50) _______(46)
[多选题]共用题干 Want to Be 100? Listen to These 5 Centenarians(百岁老人)Five neighbors at a central Missouri retirement community who are all centenarians get asked all the time:“How did you live to be 100?”If you want to live to 100 or more,this rare group of five golden girls says the key to longevity (长寿)is working hard at a job you love and taking care of your body while you're at it.Even though an estimated 70,000 people in the country are currently at the century mark or beyond in age,it is unusual to find five 100-year-olds living in one place.The average life-span(寿命)of Americans is about two or three years short of an 80th birth-day party.And most people don't want to cut out coffee,soda,alcohol,cigarettes,and eat healthy food.“People tell me all the time,‘I don't want to live to be 100,'”said Mildred Leaver,who turned 100 in June.“I think that's just sad.Aging is attitude and I don't feel old,”said Leaver,a former educator who still drives her Buick around town.It doesn't take long to see that Leaver and her neighbors Mildred Harris,Grace Woffson, Gladys Stuart and Viola Semas,have a lot more in common than their longevity and lifelong healthy habits .All are 100 except Stuart,who is 101.Even though their sight and hearing aren't what they used to be,they've all avoided illnesses that many elderly people are stricken with.It's been 50 years since Leaver beat cancer for the first and only time.The common thread that connects these women is the decades of service to jobs each loved as a farmer,designer,school principal,bookkeeper and secretary.In the early years of their lives, gainfully employed women like them were just as rare as 100-year-old are today. Currently about 70,000 people are aged 100 or above in Americ
[多选题]共用题干 The Beg i n n i ng of America n LiteratureAmerican has always been a land of beginnings._____(51)Europeans“discovered”America in the fifteenth century,the mysterious New World became for many people a genuine hope of a new life,an escape from_____(52)and persecution,a chance to start again.We can say that,as nation,America begins with that hope.When,______(53),does American literature begin?American literature begins with American experiences.Long before the first colonists ar-rived,before Christopher Columbus,before the Northmen who“found”America about the year 1,000,_____(54)Americans lived here.Each tribe's literature was______(55)woven into the fabric of daily life and reflected the unmistakably American experience of lining with the land._______(56)kind of experience,one filled with fear and excitement,found its expression in the reports that Columbus and other explorers________(57)home in Spain,French and Eng-lish.In addition,the journals of the people who lived and died in the New England wilderness tell unforgettable tales of hard and sometimes______(58)experiences of those______(59) years.Experience,then,is the key to early American literature .The New World______(60)a great variety of experiences,and these experiences______(61)a wide variety of expressions by an even wider variety of early American writers.These writers,included John Smith,______ (62)spent only two-and-a-half years on the American continent. They included Jonathan Ed-wards and William Byrd,who______(63)of themselves as British subjects,never______(64)a revolution that would create a United States of America with a literature of its own.Ameni-can Indians,explorers,Puritan ministers,frontier wives,plantation owner-they are all the______(65)of the first American literature. 55._________

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