综合B

考试试题

[多选题]共用题干 The value of motherhoodIn shopping malls,the assistants try to push you into buying"a gift to thank her for her unselfish love".When you log onto a website,a small popo-up invites you to book a bouquet for her. Commercial warmth and gratitude are the atmosphere being spread around for this special Sunday inMay.________(46)The popularity of Mother's Day around the world suggests that Jarvis got all she wanted.In fact,she got more一enough to make her horrified.________(47)They buy,among other things,132 million cards.Mother's Day is the No 1 holiday for flower purchases.Then there are the various commodities,ranging from jewelry and clothes to cosmetics and washing powder,that take advantage of the promotion opportunities.Because of this,Jarvis spent the last 40 years of her life trying to stop Mother's Day.One protest against the commercialization of Mother's Day even got her arrested一for disturbing the peace,interestingly.________(48)As Ralph Fevre,a reporter at the UK newspaper The Guardian,observed, traditionally"motherhood is something that we do because we think it's right."But in the logic of commercialism,people need something in exchange for their time and energy.A career serves this purpose better.________(49)So they work hard and play hard.Becoming a mother,however,inevitably handicaps career anticipation.________(50)According to The Guardian,there are twice as many child-free young women as there were a generation ago.Or,they put off the responsibility of parenting until later in their lives.So,Fevre writes that the meaning of celebrating Mother's Day needs to be updated:"It is to persuade people that parenting is a good idea and to honor people for their attempt to be good people." _________(46)
[多选题]共用题干 HitchhikingWhen I was in my teens(十几岁)and 20s,hitchhiking was a main form of long-distance transport.The kindness or curiosity of strangers_______(51)me all over Europe,North America,Asia and southern Africa. Some of the lift-givers became friends,many provided hospitality_______(52)the road.Not only did you find out much more about a country than_______(53)traveling by train or plane,but also there was that element of excitement about where you would finish up that night. Hitchhiking featured importantly in Western culture.It has books and songs about it. So what has happened to_______(54)?A few years ago,I asked the same question about hitchhiking in a column on a newspaper._______(55)of people from all over the world responded with their views on the state of hitchhiking."If there is a hitchhiker's_______(56)it must be Iran,"came one reply.Rural Ireland was recommended as a friendly place for hitchhiking,_______(57)was Quebec,Canada."If you don't mind being berated(严厉指责)for not speaking French."But while hitchhiking was clearly still alive and well in many parts of the world,the_______( 58 ) feeling was that throughout much of the west it was doomed(消亡).With so much news about crime in the media,people assumed that anyone on the open road without the money for even a bus ticket must present a danger. But do we_______(59)to be so wary both to hitchhike and to give a lift?In Poland in the 1960s,_______(60)a Polish woman who e-mailed me,"the authorities introduced the Hitchhiker's Booklet. The booklet contained coupons for drivers,so each time a driver _______(61)somebody,he or she received a coupon.At the end of the season,_______(62) who had picked up the most hikers were rewarded with various prizes.Everybody was hitchhiking then."Surely this is a good idea for society.Hitchhiking would increase respect by breaking down _______(63)between strangers. It would help fight_______(64)warming by cutting down on fuel consumption as hitchhikers would be using existing fuels.It would also improve educational standards by delivering instant_______(65)in geography,history,politics and sociology. _________(57)
[多选题]共用题干 Sport or Spectacle?Muhammad Aui is probably the most famous sports figure on earth:he is recognized on every continent and by all generations. The__________(51)of his illness as Parkinson's disease after his retirement fuelled the debate about the dangers of boxing and criticism__________(52)the sport. That,plus his outspoken opposition___________(53)women's boxing,made people wonder how he would react when one of his daugh- ters decided to____________(54)up the sport.His presence at Laila's first professional fight,however,seemed to broadcast a father's support.Of course Muhammad Aui wanted to___________(55)his daughter fight.The ring announcer introduced him as the"the greatest"and as he sat down at the ringside the crowd chanted.Twenty-one-year-old Laila's debut fight(首次亮相)was a huge success and there was as much publicity for the___________(56)as her father's fights once attracted Laila's opponent was much weaker than she was and__________(57)the fight lasted just 31 seconds.Since then, Laila has won most of her fights by knoc-king out her opponent"She knows ______ (58)she's doing,"said one referee about her."She knowsabout moving well.You can see some of her dad's moves."Laila Ali would rather not_________ (59)herself to her father. She prefers to make. __________(60). Her father supports her decision to enter the sport but he has not spared her the details of what can happen. Laila__________(61)that her father wants her to understand the worst possible scenario to see_________(62) she still wants to go forward with it.She knows she's going to get hit hard at times,that she may get a broken nose or a swollen(肿胀的)face , but at least she is prepared for it.Laila's decision to start boxing despite her father's__________(63)with the symptoms of Parkinson's disease has of course sparked a mixture of praise and__________(64).But Laila is a determined individual and it is her famous last name that has made her a magnet for worldwide media attention.Of course,the ___________(65)on the boxing scene of a woman with her family history attracts even more questions about whether women's boxing is sport or spectacle. _________(64)
[多选题]共用题干 Voice Your Opinion一Change is Needed in Youth SportsEverywhere you look, you see kids bouncing a basketball or waving a tennis racquet(网球拍).And these kids are getting younger and younger. In some countries,children can compete on basketball,base- ball,and volleyball teams starting at age nine.__________(46)And swimming and gymnastics classes begin at age four,to prepare children for competition.It's true that a few of these kids will develop into highly skilled athletes and may even become membersof the national Olympic teams.__________(47)This emphasis on competition in sports is having serious negative effects.Children who get involved in competitive sports at a young age often grow tired of their sport.Many parents pressure their kids to choose one sport and devote all their time to it.__________(48)But 66 per-cent of the young athletes wanted to play more than one sport一for fun.Another problem is the pressure imposed by over-competitive parents and coaches.Children are notnaturally competitive.In fact,a recent study by Paulo David found that most children don't even understand the idea of competition until they are seven years old._________(49)The third,and biggest,problem for young athletes is the lack of time to do their homework,have fun, be with friends一in short,time to be kids.When they are forced to spend every afternoon at sports practice, they often start to hate their chosen sport.A researcher found that 70 percent of kids who take part in competitive sports before the age of twelve quit before they turn eighteen.________(50)Excessive com-petitive sports take away all the enjoyment.Need to remember the purpose of youth sports一to give kids a chance to have developing,strong, healthy bodies. _________(49)
[多选题]共用题干 Spacing in Animals1. Any observant person has noticed that a wild animal will allow a man or other potential enemy to approach only up to a given distance before it flees.“Flight distance”is the terms used for this interspecies spacing.As a general rule,there is a positive relationship between the size of an ani-mal and its flight distance-the larger the animal,the greater the distance it must keep between itself and the enemy.An antelope will flee when the enemy is as much as five hundred yards a-way .The wall lizard's flight distance,on the other hand,is about six feet. Flight is the basic means of survival for mobile creatures.2. Critical distance apparently is present wherever and whenever there is a flight reaction.“Criti-cal distance”includes the narrow zone separating flight distance from attack distance.A lion in a zoo will flee from an approaching man until it meets a barrier that it cannot overcome.If the man continues the approach,he soon penetrates the lion's critical distance,at which point the cornered lion reverses direction and begins slowly to stalk the man.3. Social animals need to stay in touch with each other. Loss of contact with the group can be fa-tal for a variety of reasons including exposure to enemies.Social distance is not simply the dis-tance at which an animal will lose contact with his group-that is,the distance at which it can no longer see,hear,or smell the group-it is rather a psychological distance,one at which the ani- mal apparently begins to feel anxious when he exceeds its limits.We can think of it as a hidden band that contains the group.4. Social distance varies from species to species. It is quite short-apparently only a few yards- among some animals,and quite long among others.5. Social distance is not always rigidly fixed but is determined in part by the situation.When the young of apes and humans are mobile but not yet under control of the mother's voice,social dis-tance may be the length of her reach .This is readily observed among the baboons in a zoo .When the baby approaches a certain point,the mother reaches out to seize the end of its tail and pull it back to her. When added control is needed because of danger,social distance shrinks.To show this in man,one has only to watch a family with a number of small children holding hands as they cross a busy street. Social distance______.
[多选题]共用题干 Finding a JobAt sixteen Ron Mackie might have stayed at school,but the future called to him excitedly.“Get out of the classroom into a job,”it said,and Ron obeyed.His father,supporting the dcci-sion,found a place for him in a supermarket.“You're lucky,Ron,”he said.“For every boy with a job these days,there's a dozen without.” So Ron joined the working world at twenty pounds a week.For a year he spent his days filling shelves with tins of food.By the end of that time he was looking back on his school days as a time of great variety and satisfaction.He searched for an in-terest in his work,with little success.One fine day instead of going to work Ron got a lift on a lorry going south.With nine pounds in his pocket,a full heart and a great longing for the sea,he set out to make a better way for him-self. That evening,in Bournemouth,he had a sandwich and a drink in a cafe run by an elderly man and his wife.Before he had finished the sandwich,the woman had taken him on for the rest of the summer,at twenty pounds a week,a room upstairs and three meals a day.The ease and speed of it rather took Ron's breath away.At quiet times Ron had to check the old man's arithme- tic in the records of the business.At the end of the season,he stayed on the coast. He was again surprised how straightforward it was for a boy of seventeen to make a living.He worked in shops mostly,but once he took a job in a hotel for three weeks.Late in October he was taken on by the sick manager of a shoe shop. Ron soon found himself in charge there;he was the only one who could keep the books. Ron was able to take over the shoe shop because______.
[多选题]共用题干 The Day a Language DiedWhen Carlos Westez died at the age of 76,a language died,too.Westez,more commonly known as Red Thunder Cloud , was the last speaker of the Native American language , Catawba.Anyone who wants to hear various songs of the Catawba can contact the Smithsonian Institution in Washington,D.C.,where ,back in the 1940s,Red Thunder Cloud recorded a series of songs for future generations._______ (46)They are all that is left of the Catawba language.The language that people used to speak is gone forever.We are all aware of the damage that modern industry can do to the world's ecology(生态).However,few people are aware of the impact that widely spoken languages have on other languages and ways of life.English has spread all over the world.Chinese,Spanish,Russian,and Hindi have become powerful languages,as well.______(47) When this happens,hundreds of languages that are spoken by only a few people die out.Scholars believe there are about 6,000 languages around the world,but more than half of them could die out within the next 100 years.There are many examples.Araki is a native language of the island of Vanuatu ,located in the Pacific Ocean.It is spoken by only a few older adults , so like Catawba , Araki will soon disappear.Many languages of Ethiopia will have the same fate because each one has only a few speakers.________ (48) In the Americas,100 languages,each of which has fewer than 300 speakers,also are dying out.Red Thunder Cloud was one of the first to recognize the threat of language death and to try to do something about it.He was not actually born into the Catawba tribe , and the language was not his mother tongue._______(49) The songs he sang for the Smithsonian Institution helped to make Native American music popular.Now he is gone and the language is dead.What does it mean when a language disappears? When a plant or insect or animal species dies , it is easy to understand what we ' ve lost and to appreciate what this means for the balance of the natural world.However , language is only a product of the mind.To be the last remaining speaker of a language , like Red Thunder Cloud , must be a lonely destiny , almost as strange and terrible as being the last surviving member of a dying species._________(50) ________(47)
[多选题]共用题干 Finding a JobAt sixteen Ron Mackie might have stayed at school,but the future called to him excitedly.“Get out of the classroom into a job,”it said,and Ron obeyed.His father,supporting the dcci-sion,found a place for him in a supermarket.“You're lucky,Ron,”he said.“For every boy with a job these days,there's a dozen without.” So Ron joined the working world at twenty pounds a week.For a year he spent his days filling shelves with tins of food.By the end of that time he was looking back on his school days as a time of great variety and satisfaction.He searched for an in-terest in his work,with little success.One fine day instead of going to work Ron got a lift on a lorry going south.With nine pounds in his pocket,a full heart and a great longing for the sea,he set out to make a better way for him-self. That evening,in Bournemouth,he had a sandwich and a drink in a cafe run by an elderly man and his wife.Before he had finished the sandwich,the woman had taken him on for the rest of the summer,at twenty pounds a week,a room upstairs and three meals a day.The ease and speed of it rather took Ron's breath away.At quiet times Ron had to check the old man's arithme- tic in the records of the business.At the end of the season,he stayed on the coast. He was again surprised how straightforward it was for a boy of seventeen to make a living.He worked in shops mostly,but once he took a job in a hotel for three weeks.Late in October he was taken on by the sick manager of a shoe shop. Ron soon found himself in charge there;he was the only one who could keep the books. It took about a year for Ron to realize that______.
[多选题]共用题干 AgingThroughout history man has had to accept the fact that all living things must die,but people now live longer than they used to.Yet all living things still show the________(51)of aging,which will eventually________(52)death.Aging is not a disease,but as a person passes maturity,the cells of the body and the________ (53) do not function as well as they did in childhood and adolescence(青春期).The body provides less________(54)against disease and is more likely________(55)have accident.A number of related causes may________(56)aging. Some cells of the body have a fairly long life,but they are not reborn when they die.As a person ages,________(57)of brain cells and muscle cells decreases.The other cells are replaced by new cells.In an aging person the________(58) cells and muscle cells may not be as viable(能生存的)or as capable________ ( 59 ) growth as those of a young person.Another________(60)in aging may be changes within the cells themselves.Some of the protein chemicals in cells are known________(61)with age and became less elastic.This is why the skin of old people wrinkles and________(62).This is also the reason old people________(63)in height. There may not be other more important chemical changes in the cells.Some complex cell chemicals, such as DNA and RNA,store and________(64)information that the cells need.Aging may affect this________(65)and change the information-carry molecules so that they do not transmit the information as well. _________(63)
[多选题]共用题干 A Trainee WaiterI was to be a trainee waiter(实习侍应生)at the restaurant. There are 50 waiters. Trainee waiters and waiters work as a team. The waiter is the front man,taking orders,chatting to the customers;the trainee,rather less glamorously,runs to the kitchen to bring up the orders and assist in serving them at the table.Although the trainee will actually do more physical work,they share the tips equally.All in all this is fair,as it must be pointed out that the senior waiter is actually responsible for keeping a running account of the bills and if he makes a mistake,or undercharges,the fine will be taken from his earnings.I reported for work at 1 1 a. m. That may sound like a relaxed time to start the day,but the hours,I was soon to learn,are hell.The last client at lunchtime may not leave until 4 p.m.,or later,and the evening shift starts at 6 p.m. What can you do in the 2 hours,especially if you don't happen to live in central London?I used to live a bit far,so once or twice,I didn't get home until 5 p.m.The trainee takes orders from the table down to the kitchen.He places the order for hot food under the nose of the chef who is shouting out orders to the cooks,while orders for cold dishes and salad go to a separate counter,and desserts are from yet another area. The kitchen is two flights of stairs away from the restaurant. The trainee then comes up to see if any more orders have been taken while the previous one is being prepared.At the same time,dishes have to be cleared or put on the table, glasses refilled,and somehow there always seems to be a new table with six or eight new orders to be filled.Hell,I rather imagine,is like the kitchen of that restraint. Yelling chefs,endless banging of pots,men with red shinning faces,and trays with loads heavy enough to break your wrists.And running. Always running. Up and down,down and up.And since everyone is running,and always with loaded trays,you need to go to the gym to keep physically strong. However,the problem is still about time.I'm totally exhausted after work,and all I want at that time is to go to bed immediately and sleep for more than 8 hours continuously.I tried to budget my time wisely,but my plan always ended with failure.Now,I become more rational.Instead of going to gym,and being worried for wasting my membership fee if I happen to have no time to go to the gym for a whole week,I walk home every day from work.It is cheap,and,what is more important,flexible.My home is only two blocks away from the restaurant,which makes it possible. Thank Goodness,the security of that district is always good, so I'm not running any risk of being robbed on my way home at night. The last client at dinnertime usually do not leave until 4
[多选题]共用题干 Car Crime1. A million motorists leave their cars filled up with petrol and with the keys in the ignition every day.The cars are sitting in petrol stations while drivers pay for their fuel.The Automobile Associ-ation(AA)has discovered that cars are left unattended for an average three minutes and some-times longer as drivers buy drinks,sweets,cigarettes and other consumer items.With payment of credit cards becoming more and more common,it is not unusual for a driver to be out of his car for as long as six minutes,providing the car theft with a golden opportunity.2. For more than ten years there has been a big rise in car crime than in most other types of crimes .An average of more than two cars a minute are broken into or stolen in the UK.Car crime accounts for almost a third of all reported offenses with no signs that the trend is slowing down.3. Although there are highly professional criminals involved in car theft,almost 90 percent of car theft is committed by the opportunists.Amateur thieves are aided by our own carelessness.The AA recommends locking up whenever you leave the car and for however short a period.A partially open sunroof or window is a further come-on to thieves.4. There are many other traps to avoid.The AA has found little awareness among drivers about safe parking. Most motorists questioned made no efforts to avoid parking in quiet spots-ust the places thieves' love.The AA advises drives to park in places with people around-thieves don't like audiences. Paragraph 4______
[多选题]共用题干 Knowing Your Real Personality from Sleeping PositionsEveryone has got two personalities—the one that is shown to the world and the other that is secret and real.You don't show your secret personality when you're awake because you can control yourself,but when you're asleep,your sleeping position shows the real you.In a normal night,of course,you often change your sleeping positions.The important position that best shows your se-cret personality is the one that you go to sleep.If you go to sleep on your back,you're a very open person.You nbrmally trust people and you are easily influenced by new ideas.You don't like to make people unhappy,so you never ex-press your real feelings.You're quite shy and you aren't very confident.If you sleep on your stomach,you are a person who likes to keep secrets.You worry a lot and you're always easily becoming sad.You never want to change your ideas,but you are satisfied with your life the way it is.You usually live for today not for tomorrow.If you sleep on curled up,you are probably a very nervous person.You have a low opinion of yourself and often protect yourself from being hurt,so you are very defensive.You're shy and you don't usually like meeting people.You like to be on your own.If you sleep on your side,you have usually got a well-balanced personality.You know your strengths and weaknesses.You're usually careful.You have a confident personality.You sometimes feel worried,but you don't often get unhappy .You always say what you think,even if it makes people angry. When does the sleeping position best show your secret personality?
[多选题]共用题干 Adult Education1.Voluntary learning in organized courses by mature men and women is called adult education. Such education is offered to make people able to enlarge and interpret their experience as adults. Adults may want to study something which they missed in earlier schooling,get new skills or job training,find out about new technological developments,seek better self-understanding,or develop new talents and skills.2.This kind of education may be in the form of self-study with proper guidance through the use of libraries,correspondence courses,or broadcasting. It may also be acquired collectively in schools and colleges,study groups,workshops,clubs and professional associations.3.Modern adult education for large numbers of people started in the 18th and 19th centuries with the rise of the Industrial Revolution.Great economic and social changes were taking place: people were moving from rural areas to cities;new types of work were being created in an expanding factory system.These and other factors produced a need for further education and re-education of adults.4.The earliest programs of organized adult education arose in Great Britain in the 1790s,with the founding of an adult school in Nottingham and a mechanics' institution in Glasgow. Benjamin Franklin and some friends found the earliest adult education institution in the U.S.in Philadelphia in 1727.5.People recognize that continued learning is necessary for most forms of employment today. For example,parts of the adult population in many countries find it necessary to take part in retraining programs at work or even to learn completely new jobs.Adult education programs are springing up constantly to meet these and other needs. There are various forms of adult education,including________.
[多选题]共用题干 American DreamsThere is a common response to America among foreign writers:the US is a land of extremes where the best of things are just as easily found as the worst. This is a cliche(陈词滥调).In the land of black and white,people should not be too surprised to find some of the biggest gaps between the rich and the poor in the world.But the American Dream offers a way out to everyone._______(46)No class system or government stands in the way.Sadly,this old argument is no longer true.Over the past few decades there has been a fundamental shift in the structure of the American economy.The gap between the rich and the poor has widened and widened._______( 47)Over the past 25 years the median US family income has gone up 18 per cent. For the top 1 per cent,however,it has gone up 200 per cent. Twenty-five years ago the top fifth of Americans had an average income 6.7 times that of the bottom fifth._______(48)Inequalities have grown worse in different regions.In California,incomes for lower class families have fallen by 4 per cent since 1969._______(49)This has led to an economy hugely in favor of a small group of very rich Americans.The wealthiest 1 per cent of households now control athird of the national wealth. There are now 37 million Americans living in poverty.At 12.7 per cent of the population,it is the highest per centage in the developed world.Yet the tax burden on America's rich is falling,not growing._______(50)There was an economic theory holding that the rich spending more would benefit everyone as a whole.But clearly that theory has not worked in reality. __________(47)
[多选题]共用题干 Protection of WildlifeDemands for stronger protection for wildlife in Britain some hide the fact that similar are felt ill the rest Europe.Studies by the Council of Europe,of which 21 countries are members,have shown that 1 percent of reptile species and 24 percent of butterflies are in danger of dying out.European concern for wildlife was outlined by Dr. Peter Baum,an expert in the environment and nature resources division of the council,when he spoke at a conference arranged by the ad- ministrators of a British national park.The park is one of the few areas in Europe to hold the council's diploma for nature reserves of the highest quality,and Dr. Peter Baum had come to present it to the park once again.He was afraid that public opinion was turning against national parks,and that those set up in the 1960s and 1970s could not be set up today.But Dr. Baum clearly remained a strong supporter of the view that natural environments needed to be allowed to survive in a peace in their own right.No area could be expected to survive both as a true nature reserve and as tourist attraction,he went on .The short view that reserves had to serve immediate human demands for outdoor recrea- tion should be replaced by full acceptance of their importance as places to preserve nature for the future.“We forget that they are the guarantee of life systems,on which any built-up area ultimately depends,”Dr. Baum went on,“We could manage without most industrial products,but we could not manage without nature.However,our natural environment areas,which are the original parts of our countryside,have shrunk to become mere islands in a spoiled and highly polluted land mass.” Although we all depend on the resources of nature for our survival,______.
[多选题]共用题干 Saving a City's Public ArtAvoiding traffic jams in Los Angeles may be impossible,but the city's colorful freeway mu-rals(壁画)can brighten even the most miserable commute. Paintings that depict(描述)famous people and historic scenes cover office buildings and freeway walls across the city.With a collec- tion of more than 2,000 murals,Los Angeles is the unofficial mural capital of the world.But the combination of graffiti(涂鸦),pollution,and hot sun has left many L. A. murals in terrible condition.______(46)In the past,experts say,little attention was given to caring for public art. Artists were even expected to maintain their own works,not an easy task with cars rac-ing by along the freeway.______(47)The work started in 2003 .So far,16 walls have been Se-lected,and more may be added later.Until about 1960,public murals in Los Angeles were rare.But in the 1960s and 1970s, young L. A. artists began to study early 20th-century Mexican mural painting.______(48)The most famous mural in the city is Judith Baca's“The Great Wall,”a 13-foot-high(4-me-ter-high)painting that runs for half a mile(0 .8 kilometer)in North Hollywood.______(49)It took eight years to complete-400 underprivileged teenagers painted the designs-and is probably the longest mural in the world.One of the murals that will be restored now is Kent Twitchell's“Seventh Street Altarpiece.” which he painted for the Los Angeles Olympics in 1984.______(50)Twitchell said,“It was meant as a kind of gateway through which the traveler to L. A.must drive.The open hands repre- sent peace.”Artists often call murals the people's art. Along a busy freeway or hidden in a quiet neighbor-hood,murals can teach people who would never pay money to see fine art in a museum,“Murals give a voice to the silent majority,”said one artist. ______(46)
[多选题]共用题干 Flying Into HistoryWhen you turn on the television or read a magazine , celebrities(名人)are everywhere. Although fameand the media play such major roles in our lives today,it has not always been that way._________(46) Many historians agree that Charles Lindbergh was one of the first major celebrities or superstars.Lindbergh was born in Detroit,Michigan,in 1902,but he grew up in Little Falls,Minnesota. As a childhe was very interested in how things worked,so when he reached college,he pursued a degree in engineer- ing. At the age of 20,however,the allure(诱惑)of flying captured Lindbergh's imagination.________(47)Soon after, Lindbergh bought his own plane and traveled across the nation performing aerial stunts(空中 特技).In 1924,Lindbergh became more serious about flying. He joined the United States military and graduated firstin his pilot class.__________ (48)During the same time ,a wealthy hotel owner named Raymond Orteig was offering a generous award tothe first pilot who could fly nonstop from New York City to Paris,France.The Orteig Prize was worth $25 ,000一 a large amount even by today's standards.Lindbergh knew he had the skills to complete the flight,but not just any plane was capable of flyingthat far for that long.___________(49) On May 20,1927,Charles Lindbergh took off from Roosevelt Field in New York City and arrived thenext day at an airstrip(简易机场)outside Paris. Named in honor of the sponsor, the Spirit of St. Louis carried Lindbergh across the Atlantic Ocean and into the record books.He became a national hero and a huge celebrity. When he returned to the United States, Lindbergh rode in a ticker-tape(热烈的)parade held to cele- brate his accomplishment.__________(50)A very popular dance was even named for Charles Lindbergh一 the Lindy Hop.Today,the Spirit of St.Louis is kept at the Smithsonian institute's National Air and Space Museum in Washington,D.C. __________(48)
[多选题]共用题干 Waste Not,Want Not1 Bob and Clara Darlington,who own and run a farm in the North of England,have always looked fornew ways of making money out of the produce they grow.Their success began when they established a shop on their farm so that people could come and buy fresh vegetables directly from them.2 The business was an immediate success,and soon scored top marks in a competition set up by the Farm Retail Association to find the best farm shop in the country.The Association's inspectors found the Darlingtons' shop offered excellent service and value for money as well as quality fruit and vegetables.3 Clara Darlington is a trained chef and,in addition to a range of home-grown foods and other local produce,she began offering a variety of prepared meals which she had made herself in the farmhouse kitchen.A small cafe alongside the farm shop was soon added,with everything that visitors could taste on the menu also being for sale in the shop.4 Clara admits that starting the business was expensive,and she has worked very hard,but maintains that if the product is good,the public will recognize this and buy it."I aim to offer the highest quality to our cus- tomers,whether they come in for a loaf of bread,or take a whole dinner-party menu.I take it as a compliment (恭维)if people take home one of my dishes to serve to their family and friends and get away with pretending they made it themselves."5 The couple realized that they had a surplus of misshapen or damaged vegetables grown on the farm which were unsuitable for selling in the shop.Clara,not wishing to see themn get thrown away,decided to turn them into soup.6 The soup met with the immediate approval of customers to the shop and Clara now produces ten different varieties.She spent much of the summer traveling up and down to London by rail,doing presenta-tions of the soups.As a result,they are now served in first-class railway restaurant cars belonging to three companies as well as being stocked by a number of high-class London stores. Paragraph 5__________
[多选题]共用题干 SemcoAt 21,Ricardo Semler became boss of his father's business in Brazil,Semco,which sold parts for ships. Semler Junior worked like a madman,from 7:30 a.m.until midnight every day. One afternoon while touring a factory in New York,he collapsed. The doctor who treated him said,"There's nothing wrong with you. But if you continue like this,you'll find a new home in our hospital."Semler got the message.He changed the way he worked.In fact,he changed the way his employees worked too.He let his workers take more responsibility so that they would be the ones worrying when things went wrong. He allowed them to set their own salaries,and he cut all the jobs he thought were unnecessary,like receptionists and secretaries._________(46)"Everyone at Semco,even top managers,meets guests in reception,does the photocopying,sends faxes,types letters and dials the phone."He completely reorganized the office:instead of walls,they have plants at Semco,so bosses can't shutthemselves away from everyone else.__________ (47)As for uniforms,some people wear suits and others wear T-shirts.Semler says,"We have a sales manager named Rubin Agater who sits there reading the newspaper hour after hour. He doesn't even pretend to be busy.But when a Semco pump on the other side of the world fails and millions of gallons of oil are about to spill into the sea,Rubin springs into action.________(48)That's when he earns his salary.No one cares if he doesn't look busy the rest of the time."Semco has flexible working hours;the employees decide when they need to arrive at work. The employees also evaluate their bosses twice a year.________(49)It sounds perfect,but does it work?The answer is in the numbers:in the last six years,Semco's revenues have gone from $35 million to $212 million.The company has grown from eight hundred employees to 3,000.Why?Semler says it's because of"peer pressure".Peer pressure makes everyone work hard for everyone else. __________(50)In other words,Ricardo Sender treats his workers like adults and expects them to act like adults.And they do. __________(46)
[多选题]共用题干 Smartphone Customers up for GrabAbout 10 years ago I met an advertising executive in New York who explained the difficulty of advertising a new brand of deodorant(除臭剂)to consumers."Most people never change their deodorant,"I remember him saying."They pick one brand when they are young,and stick with it for a long,long time.If it works,why switch?"The same theory can be applied_______(46)Once they have picked a type of phone,whether it's Apple iOS,Google Android or something else,it's difficult,and often expensive,to switch? Consumers become comfortable with the interface and design of the phone and the apps they have purchased on that platform._______(47)That is why the race to pull in smartphone buyers is going to be especially severe over the next 18 to 24 months._______(48)there are still hundreds of millions of mobile phone owners around the world who have yet to move from a standard mobile or feature phone to its smarter,more intelligent big brother:the smartphone.Yet the change is happening at a much quicker pace than technology analysts and companies originally theorized.A report issued this week by Nielsen,the market research firm,found that among Americans_______(49)55 percent opted for a smartphone.This is up from 34 percent a year ago.At this point,who will lead that market is not up for debate.Android has been growing at a pace no one could have imagined,even Google.The company said this week that it now activates more than 500,000 Android devices each day.Mr. llamas said Apple,which changed the smartphone game in 2007 when it introduced the iPhone,potentially has a ceiling with consumers as its mobile phone is often more expensive than those of its competitors.Although millions of customers flock to Apple products for their beauty,simplicity and powerful brand,many can't afford a new iPhone.This could change_______(50)as some analysts expect. "Right now the iPhone only comes in one flavor;it's not like other Apple products like the iPod where there are several different sizes,shapes and prices,"Mr. Llamas said. ________(50)
[多选题]共用题干 Ants as a Barometer of Ecological ChangeAt picnics,ants are pests.But they have their uses.In industries such as mining,farming and forestry , they can help gauge(测定)the health of the environment by just crawling around and being antsy(坐立不安).It has been recognized for decades that ants—which are highly sensitive to ecological change—can provide a near-perfect barometer(气压计)of the state of an ecosystem. Only certain species,for instance,will continue to thrive at a forest site that has been cleared of trees. ______(46)And still others will move in and take up residence.By looking at which species populate a deforested area,scientists can determine how“stressed”the land is.______(47)Ants are used simply because they are so common and comprise(构成)so many species.Where mine sites are being restored,for example,some ant species will recolonize(重新移居到.……)the stripped land more quickly than others.______ (48 ) Australian mining compa- ny Capricorn Coal Management has been successfully using ant surveys for years to determine the rate of recovery of land that it is replanting near its German Creek mine in Queensland.Ant surveys also have been used with mine-site recovery projects in Africa and Brazil,where warm climates encourage dense and diverse ant populations.“We found it worked extremely well there,”says Jonathan Major,a professor of environmental biology.Yet the surveys are perfectly suited to climates throughout Asia,he says,because ants are so common throughout the region.As Major puts it:“That's the great thing about ants.”Ant surveys are so highly regarded as ecological indicators(指示器)that governments world-wide accept their results when assessing(评估)the environmental impact of mining and tree har- vesting.______(49).Why not?Because many companies can't afford the expense or the laboratory time needed to sift(详审)results for a comprehensive survey. The cost stems,also, from the scarcity(缺乏)of ant specialists.______(50) ______(48)
[多选题]共用题干 Local Newspapers in Britain1. Britain has a large circulation(发行量)of the national newspapers. The Daily Mirror and The Daily Express both sell about 4 million copies each day.On average,every family will buy one newspaper in the morning,and take two or three on Sundays.2. Local newspapers are just as popular as the national ones in Britain.Local papers have a weekly circulation of 1 3 million.Nearly every town and country area has its own paper,and almost every local paper is financially holding its own.Many local newspapers are earning good profits.3. Local newspapers have their special characteristics.They mainly satisfy interest in local events-births,weddings,deaths,council meetings,and sports.Editors often rely on a small staff of people who know the district well.Clubs and churches in the neighborhood regularly supply these papers with much local news.Local news does not get out of date as quickly as national news .If there is no room for it in this week's edition,a news item can be held over until the following week.4. The editor of a local newspaper never forgets that the success of any newspaper depends on advertising.For this reason,he is keen to keep the good will of local businessmen.If the newspaper sells well with carefully chosen news items to attract local readers,the businessmen will be grateful to the paper for the opportunity of keeping their products in the public eye.5. Local newspapers seldom comment on problems of national importance,and editors rarely take sides on political questions.But they can often provide service to the community in expressing public feeling on local issues.A newspaper can sometimes persuade the council to take action to improve transport,provide better shopping facilities,and preserve local monuments and places of interest. Paragraph 5______
[多选题]共用题干 HackingPeople tend to think of computers as isolated machines,working away all by themselves.Some do-personal computer without an outside link, like someone's hideaway(隐蔽的)cabin in the woods.But just as most of homes are tied to a community by streets,bus routes and electric lines,computers that exchange intelligence are part of a community-local,national and even global network joined by telephone connections.The computer network is a creation of the electric age,but it is based on old-fashioned trust. It cannot work without trust. A rogue loose(为所欲为的无赖)in a computer system called hacker(黑客)is worse than a thief entering your house. He could go through anyone's electronic mail or add to,change,distort or delete anything in the information stored in the computer's memory .He could even take control of the entire system by placing his own instructions in the software that runs it.He could shut the computer down whenever he wished,and no one could stop him.Then he could program the computer to erase any sign of his ever having been there.Hacking,our electronic- age term for computer break-in,is more and more in the news-brainy kids vandalizing university records, even pranking(胡闹)about in supposedly safeguard-ed systems.To those who understand how computer networks are increasingly regulating life in the late 20th century,these are not laughing matters.A potential for disaster is building:A dissatis- fled former insurance-company employee wipes out information from payroll(工资表)files. A student sends out a“virus”,a secret and destructive command,over a national network .The vi-rus copies itself at lightning speed,jamming the entire network-thousands of academic,commer-cial and government computer systems.Such disastrous cases have already occurred.Now exists the possibility of terrorism by computer. Spoiling a system responsible for air-traffic control at a busy airport,or knocking out the telephones of a major city,is a relatively easy way to spread panic .Yet neither business nor government has done enough to toughen its defenses against at-tack .For one thing,such defenses are expensive;for another,they may interrupt communica- tion—the main reason for using computers in the first place. The writer mentions“a thief"” in the second paragraph______.
[多选题]共用题干 第一篇Unidentified Flying ObjectUnidentified flying Object(UFO)is any object or light,reportedly sighted in the sky,that cannot be immediately explained by the observer. Sightings of unusual aerial phenomena date back to ancient times,but UFOs(sometimes called flying saucers)became widely discussed only after the first widely publicized U.S.sighting in 1947.Many thousands of such observations have since been reported worldwide.At least 90 percent of UFO sightings can be identified as conventional objects,although time consuming investigations are often necessary for such identification.The objects most often be mistaken for UFOs are bright planets and stars,aircraft,birds,balloons,kites,aerial flares,peculiar clouds, meteors(流星),and satellites. The remaining sightings most likely can be attributed to other mistaken sightings or to inaccurate reporting, tricks, or delusions(妄想),although to disprove all claims made about UFOs is impossible.From 1947 to 1969 the US air force investigated UFOs as a possible threat to national security. A total of 12,618 reports was received,of which 701 reports,or 5.6 percent,were listed as unexplained.The air force concluded that"no UFO reported,investigated,and evaluated by the Air Force has ever given any indication of threat to our national security."Since 1969 no agency of the US government has had any active program of UFO investigation.Some persons, however, believe that UFOs are extraterrestrial(地球外的)spacecraft, even though no scientifically valid evidence supports that belief. The possibility of extraterrestrial civilizations is not the stumbling block(障碍物);most scientists grant that intelligent life may well exist elsewhere in the universe.A fully convincing UFO photograph of a craft like object has yet to be taken, however, and the scientific method requires that highly speculative(推测性的)explanations should not be adopted unless all of the more ordinary explanations can be ruled out.UFO enthusiasts persist,however,and some persons even claim to have been captured and taken aboard UFOs.No one has produced scientifically acceptable proof of these claims.Behavioral scientist Car Sagan of Cornel University has proposed that"certain psychological needs are met by belief in superior beings from other worlds." The second paragraph of the passage focuses on________.
[多选题]共用题干 第二篇Protection of WildlifeDemands for stronger protection for wildlife in Britain sometimes hide the fact that similar needs are felt in the rest Europe.Studies by the Council of Europe,of which 21 countries are members, have shown that 1 percent of reptile species and 24 percent of butterflies are in danger of dying out.European concern for wildlife was outlined by Dr. Peter Baum,an expert in the environment and nature resources division of the Council,when he spoke at a conference arranged by the administrators of a British national park.The park is one of the few areas in Europe to hold the Council's diploma for nature reserves of the highest quality,and Dr. Baum had come to present it to the park once again.He was afraid that public opinion was turning against national parks,and that those set up in the 1960s and 1970s could not be set up today. But Dr. Baum clearly remained a strong supporter of the view that natural environments needed to be allowed to survive in peace in their own right.No area could be expected to survive both as a true nature reserve and as tourist attraction,hewent on.The short view that reserves had to serve immediate human demands for outdoor recreation should be replaced by full acceptance of their importance as places to preserve nature for the future."We forget that they are the guarantee of life systems,on which any built-up area ultimately depends,"Dr. Baum went on,"We could manage without most industrial products,but we could not manage without nature.However,our natural environment areas,which are the original parts of our countryside,have shrunk to become mere islands in a spoiled and highly polluted land mass." Recent studies by the Council of Europe show that________.
[多选题]共用题干 Sending E-mails to ProfessorsOne student skipped class and then sent the professor an e-mail_______(51)for copies of her teaching notes.Another_______(52)that she was late for a Monday class because she was recovering from drinking too much at a wild weekend party.At colleges and universities in the US , e-mail has made professors more approachable(平易近人).But many say it has made them too accessible,_______(53)boundaries that traditionally kept students at a healthy distance.These days,professors say,students seem to view them as available_(54)the clock, sending a steady stream of informal e-mails." The tone that they take in e-mails is pretty astounding(令人吃惊的)," said Michael Kessler, an assistant dean at Georgetown University."They'll_______(55)you to help:‘I need to know this.’""There's a fine_______(56)between meeting their needs and at the same time maintaining a level of legitimacy(正统性)as an_______(57)who is in charge."Christopher Dede,a professor at the Harvard Graduate School of Education,said_______ (58) show that students no longer defer to(听从)their professors,perhaps because they realize that professors'_______(59)could rapidly become outdated."The deference was driven by the_______(60)that professors were all-knowing sources of deep knowledge,"Dede said,and that notion has_______(61).For junior faculty members,e-mails bring new tension into their work,some say,as they struggle with how to_______(62).Their job prospects,they realize,may rest in part on student evaluations of their accessibility.College students say e-mail makes_______(63)easier to ask questions and helps them learn.But they seem unaware that what they write in e-mails could have negative effects_______(64)them,said Alexandra Lahav,and associate professor of Law at the University of Connecticut.She recalled an e-mail message from a student saying that he planned to miss class so he could play with his son.Professor Lahav did not respond."Such e-mails can have consequences,"she said."Students don't understand that_______ (65)they say in e-mail can make them seem unprofessional,and could result in a bad impression." _________(57)
[多选题]共用题干 第二篇Protection of WildlifeDemands for stronger protection for wildlife in Britain sometimes hide the fact that similar needs are felt in the rest Europe.Studies by the Council of Europe,of which 21 countries are members, have shown that 1 percent of reptile species and 24 percent of butterflies are in danger of dying out.European concern for wildlife was outlined by Dr. Peter Baum,an expert in the environment and nature resources division of the Council,when he spoke at a conference arranged by the administrators of a British national park.The park is one of the few areas in Europe to hold the Council's diploma for nature reserves of the highest quality,and Dr. Baum had come to present it to the park once again.He was afraid that public opinion was turning against national parks,and that those set up in the 1960s and 1970s could not be set up today. But Dr. Baum clearly remained a strong supporter of the view that natural environments needed to be allowed to survive in peace in their own right.No area could be expected to survive both as a true nature reserve and as tourist attraction,hewent on.The short view that reserves had to serve immediate human demands for outdoor recreation should be replaced by full acceptance of their importance as places to preserve nature for the future."We forget that they are the guarantee of life systems,on which any built-up area ultimately depends,"Dr. Baum went on,"We could manage without most industrial products,but we could not manage without nature.However,our natural environment areas,which are the original parts of our countryside,have shrunk to become mere islands in a spoiled and highly polluted land mass." Although we all depend on the resources of nature for our survival,________.
[多选题]共用题干 第二篇XerographyFor a long time Chester Carison carried around his the invention,the little black box,over which he had worked and struggled for years.He presented it to the directors of twenty-one large American corporations,such as"General Electric,International Business Machines(IBM),Lockheed,and RCA."Nobody wanted it.Nobody wanted to invest a penny in it.It must be painful for those directors to think of Chester Carlson now. For the little black box is the heart of the multi-billion-dollar Xerox Corporation. Carlson is the inventor of "xerography(静电复印术)"(from two Greek words meaning "dry writing"),the dry-printing process used in thousands and thousands of offices,businesses,industries,universities,shops,and government agencies around the world.Thanks to Carlson,it now takes minutes to copy a document which,twenty years ago,would have kept a secretary busy for a whole day.And for a few pennies anyone can have a copy of anything from cooking recipes to Greek poetry.More than thirty billion such copies are made each year.When Chester Carlson went to work in a patent office in 1930,the copying methods were slow, dirty,and expensive.In his job,Carlson had to make many copies of patents for inventions.One night,after working late and painfully,he decided that somebody had better find an easier way to do it. He went to work in the kitchen of his apartment with measuring cups and cooking pots.By 1937, having developed a simple form of xerography,he applied for his first patent on the process.Then began Carlson's famous unsuccessful search for investors.Only in 1944,did the Battelle Memorial Institute of Columbus agreed to lent$3,000 to Carlson for research on his invention.According to the agreement,Carlson was to receive 25%of all profits.This part of the agreement later brought millions of dollars to Carlson,who borrowed money from his family to repay his debt.Even with Battle's help,it took another year to find a company willing to buy Carlson's process. In 1945,Dr. Dessauser,director of the Haloind company,decided to adopt and market the process, which was then named"Xerox".Three years later,the Haloind company changed name to the Xerox company,which now is the 39th largest company in the United States,with sales of over four billion dollars a year. What can we infer from this passage?
[多选题]共用题干 How Technology Pushes Down Prices1 Prices have fallen in the food business because of advances in food production and distribution tech- nology.Consumers have benefited greatly from those advances.People who predicted that the world would run out of food were wrong.We are producing more and more food with less and less capital.Food is there- fore more plentiful and cheaper than it has ever been.Spending on food compared with other goods has fallen for many years,and continues to drop.2 Supermarkets have helped push down prices mainly because of their scale.Like any big business,they can invest in IT systems that make them efficient.And their size allows them to buy in bulk.As super- markets get bigger,the prices get lower.3 Huge retail companies such as Wal-Mart have tremendous power and they can put pressure on pro- ducers to cut their margins.As a result,some producers have had to make cuts.In recent years,Unilever has cut its workforce by 33,000 to 245,000 and dropped lots of its minor brands as part of its"path to growth"strategy.Cadbury has shut nearly 20 per cent of its 133 factories and cut 10 per cent of its 55,000 global workforce.These cuts help keep costs down,and the price of food stays low.4 Does cheap food make people unhealthy?Cheap food may encourage people to eat more.Food com- panies certainly think that giving people more food for their money makes them buy more.Giving people big- ger portions is an easy way of making them feel they have got a better deal.That is why portions have got larger and larger. In America,soft drinks came in 80z(225g)cans in the past,then 120z(350g),and now come in 200z(550g)cans.If a company can sell you an 80z portion for$7,they can sell you a 120z portion for$8.The only extra cost to the company is the food,which probably costs 25 cents.5 Now companies are under pressure to stop selling bigger portions for less money.But it is hard to change the trend. Paragraph 3_________
[多选题]共用题干 Careers for WomenIt is only seventy years since British women got the right to vote.Some people think this is the main reason why women are so under-represented in politics,trade unions and big businesses.Others feel it is simply because that they are much too busy doing other things.The old saying"a woman's place is in the home"may seem out of date to most people,but the old,fixed image of a woman as a supporting wife and caring mother is certainly still usual一one only has to watch a few television ads.In 1975 the law did not allow women to be paid less than men doing the same work.Certainly it is usually the case nowadays that women doing the same jobs as men get the same money for doing it. But generally women do not do the same jobs:they do different ones that offer lower salaries.In the United States,there are two million women entering the workforce every year. The new workers include all ages and backgrounds:teenagers,college students,young housewives,and older women who have lost their husbands.Altogether,more than half of the eighty-four million women inthe United States are now employed or seeking employment.Most of them are still holding tightly to the womanly jobs such as nursing,teaching,catering and office work jobs that can be seen as an extension of the mothering role.Although the areas women work in are almost all those of"service",a growing number of pioneers are venturing into other fields. They run business;they manage farms;they become astronauts, carpenters,lawyers,truck or taxi-drivers,coal miners,or politicians.They join the army or the navy.So far no woman has become president of the country;but that might happen,as indeed it has happened in other countries.Apart from looking after people during the day at work,women often have to take care of a family at home too,which may mean they have less energy to compete in the race for professional development. In almost every field,top positions are more likely to be filled by men. While most teachers are women,for example,most head masters are not.School cooks are women,head cooks are men and even cleaners tend to be watched over and directed by male caretakers. Decades ago women were too busy to get involved in social affairs.
[多选题]共用题干 第二篇From Ponzi to MadoffThe year was 1920. The country was the United States of America. The man's name was Charles Ponzi. Ponzi told people to stop depositing money in a savings account.Instead,they should give it to him to save for them.Pouzi promised to pay them more than the bank.For example,a savings account might pay you $5 a year for every $100 you deposit.Ponzi,however,would pay you $40 a year for every $100 you gave him to hold.Many people thought this was a good plan.They began to give their money to Ponzi.How could Ponzi make so much money for people?This is what he did with the money people gave him: He used some of that money to pay other people who gave him money.However,he also kept a lot of the money for himself. Soon he had $250 million.This was a kind of theft,and it was against the law.The people who gave him their money didri't think anything was wrong.Ponzi paid them every month,just like a bank.Ponzi continued this way of working for two years.Then one day,he didn't have enough money to pay all the people.They discovered his crime,and he went to prison for fraud.Ninety years later,people began to hear about a businessman in New York named Bernard Madoff. People said he gave good advice about money.They said when they gave him their money,he paid them a lot more than the bank.Madoff helped hospitals,schools,and individuals earn money.Over a period of 40 years,people gave him $170 billion.However,no one investigated what he did with the money.The people who gave Madoff their money also didn'tthink anything was wrong because he paid them everymonth.One day,Madoff didn't have enough money to pay all the people he needed to pay.That's when people discovered how Madoff worked:He was taking money from some people to pay other people,just the way Charles Ponzi did.However,this time,instead of losing millions of dollars,people lost billions.Madoff was accused of fraud,and the United States government officials arrested him.He didn'thave to go on trial because he said he was guilty.In 2009,a judge sentenced him to 150 years in prison.Bernard Madoff's crime was even bigger than Ponzi's.It was the biggest fraud in history.The lesson of this story is clear:When something seems too good to be true,it probably is! For every$100,Ponzi promised to pay people_________.
[多选题]共用题干 Global Warming1.Smoke is clouding our view of global warming,protecting the planet from perhaps threequarters of the greenhouse(温室)effect. That might sound like good news,but experts say that as the cover diminishes in coming decades,we are facing a dramatic increase of warming that could be two or even three times as great as official best guesses.2.This was the dramatic conclusion reached last week at a workshop in Dahlem,Berlin,where top atmospheric scientists got together,including Nobel prize winner Paul Crutzen and Swedish scientist Bert Bolin,former chairman of the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change(IPCC).3. IPCC scientists have suspected for a decade that aerosols(浮质)of smoke and other partidles from burning rainforest,crop waste and fossil fuels are blocking sunlight and counteracting the warming effect of carbon dioxide(二氧化物)emissions. Until now,they reckoned that aerosols reduced greenhouse warming by perhaps a quarter,cutting increases by 0.2℃.So the 0.6℃of warming over the past century would have been 0.8℃without aerosols.4.But the Berlin workshop concluded that the real figure is even higher—aerosols may have reduced global warming by as much as three-quarters,cutting increases by 1.8℃.If so,the good news is that aerosols have prevented the world getting almost two degrees warmer than it is now. But the bad news is that the climate system is much more sensitive to greenhouse gases than previously guessed.5.As those gases are expected to continue accumulating in the atmosphere while aerosols stabilize or fall,that means"dramatic consequences for estimates of future climate change",the scientists agreed in a draft report from the workshop. Paragraph 4_______
[多选题]共用题干 Teaching Is“One of the Least Popular Jobs in the UK”1. The UK government has just published a report on the future of secondary-school teaching (pupils aged 11~16),and the conclusion of the report is that many secondary schools now face great difficulties in finding people who want to be teachers.Since the 1980s,the number of grad-uates who say they would“seriously consider” teaching as a career has fallen sharply,from 64% in 1982 to just 17%today. The report suggests that urgent action needs to be taken in order to encourage more intelligent young graduates into teaching.2. The main drawback of secondary teaching,according to the report,is the low salary.Earnings in teaching are much lower than in many other jobs,and this means that fewer and fewer young people decide to be teachers .Joanne Manners,24,is a good example.“I graduated in maths last year,and I was thinking of doing a teacher training course to become a maths teacher -but when I looked into the details, it became clear that teaching isn't a very lucrative(赚钱的)job these days. I saw I could earn twice as much if I worked in marketing or advertising,and so I decided not to become a teacher.”3. It's not just about the money,however. The survey concluded that another reason why people don't want to be teachers is that some teenagers behave very badly in school. A lot of schools have problems with discipline,and it seems clear that children do not have the same respect for teachers as in the past. Here's the view of Dave Hallam,an accountant from London:“I think parents are to blame. They should have stricter rules with their children at home and also teach their children to have more respect for teachers.”4. “I love teaching;it's my passion.I've been a secondary-school teacher of Spanish for ten years now,and although it's a very demanding job,it's very satisfying. When I see my students passing their Spanish exams,or singing along to Spanish pop songs ,it makes me feel so proud.” Says Brian Jones,who works in a secondary school in London.So what does he think the govern-ment should do to encourage more people to become teachers?”“My view is that the government should reduce the burden of work on teachers. I find that I always have too much work to do.”5. The report is clear that the problem of teacher shortage is a very serious one.It says that the government should raise teachers' pay significantly,to catch up with workers in other professions. It also suggests that the government could launch a nationwide publicity campaign,with some ad-vertisements on TV and in the newspapers,to show the positive sides of teaching to young people. Another solution could be set a maximum number of hours per week that teachers can work,in or-der to reduce stress on teachers.“Hopefully,”the report concludes,“these solutions can im- prove the poor image of secondary teaching,and increase the number of young people who want to become teachers in the future. Paragraph 1______
[单选题]What Is a Dream?【什么是梦】 阅读判断改编为补全短文   For centuries, people have wondered about the strange things that they dream about. Some psychologists say that this nighttime activity of the mind has no special meaning. Others, however, think that dreams are an important part of our lives. In fact, many experts believe that dreams can tell us about a person's mind and emotions.   Before modern times, many people thought that dreams contained messages from God.(46)___   The Austrian psychologist, Sigmund Freud', was probably the first person to study dreams scientifically. In his famous book, The interpretation of Dreams (1900) ,Freud wrote that dreams are an expressions of a person's wishes. He believed that dreams allow people to express the feelings, thoughts, and fears that they are afraid to express in real life.   The Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung2 was once a student of Freud's. Jung, however, had a different idea about dreams. Jung believed that the purpose of a dream was to communicate a message to the dreamer. (47)___ For example, people who dream about falling may learn that they have too high an opinion of themselves. On the other hand, people who dream about being heroes may learn that they think too little of themselves.   Modern-day psychologists continue to develop theories about dreams. For example, psychologist William Domhoff from the University of California, Santa Cruz, believes that dreams are tightly linked to a person's daily life, thoughts, and behavior. (48)___   Domhoff believes that there is a connection between dreams and age. His research shows that children do not dream as much as adults. According to Domhoff, dreaming is a mental skill that needs time to develop.   He has also found a link between dreams and gender. His studies show that the dreams of men and women are different. (49)___This is not true of women's dreams.-3 Domhoff found this gender difference in the dreams of people from 11 cultures around the world, including both modern and traditional ones.   Can dreams help us understand ourselves Psychologists continue to try to answer this question in different ways. (50)___The dream' may have meaning, but it does not mean that some terrible event will actually take place. It's important to remember that the world of dreams is not the real world. 文章(46~50)
[多选题]共用题干 第一篇Oseola McCartyLate one Sunday afternoon in September 1999,Oseola McCarty,an elderly cleaning lady passed away in the little wooden flame house where she had lived and worked most of her life.It may seem like an ordinary end to a humble life,but there was something quite exceptional about this woman.In the summer of 1995,McCarty gave $150,000,most of the money she had saved throughout her life, to the University of Southern Mississippi in her hometown. The money was to help other Mrican Americans through university.She had started her savings habit as a young child when she would return from school to clean and iron for money which she would then save.She led a simple,枷gal existence,never spending on anything but her most basic needs.Her bank also advised her on investing her hard-earned savings.When she retired,she decided that she wanted to use the money to give children of limited means the opportunity to go to university.She had wanted to become a nurse,but had to leave school to look after ill relatives and work.When asked why she had given her life savings away,she replied,"I'm giving it away so that children won't have to work so hard,like I did."After news of her donation hit the media,over 600 donations were made to the scholarship fund.One was given by media executive,Ted Turner,who reputedly gave a billion dollars.She didn't want any fuss made over her gift,but the news got out and she was invited all over the United States to talk to people.Wherever she went,people would come up to her to say a few words or just touch her. She met the ordinary and the famous,President Clinton included.In the last few years of her life, before she died of cancer,McCarty was given over 300 awards:she was honoured by the United Nations and received the Presidential Citizen's Medal.Despite having no real education,she found herself with two honorary doctorates:one from the University of Southern Mississippi and the other from Harvard University.Her generosity was clearly an inspiration to many people arid proof that true selflessness does exist. This woman shocked and inspired the world because__________.
[多选题]共用题干 Are You a Successful Leader?1 Almost nothing we do in this world is done in isolation.At work or at play,you'll find yourself in groups,working with other people:your team at work,a meeting with colleagues,your family,a holiday with friends,a group of students working together,a day out walking in the mountains,a group of neighbours want- ing to make changes.It is now recognized that being able to work successfully with other people is one of the major keys to success,partly because we need to do it so often.2 In almost every situation where you're in a group,you will need a skilled leader. All groups need leaders and all successful groups have good leaders.Groups without leaders or with weak leaders almost always break down.Members of a leaderless group often begin to feel dissatisfied and frustrated.Time is wasted and the tasks are not achieved.There are often arguments and tensions between people as there is nobody to keep the goals clear. Some personalities dominate and others disappear. Often group members begin not to come to meetings in order to avoid more disharmony.3 Some people are natural leaders.The celebrity chef,Antonio Carluccio says,"True leaders are bornand you can spot them in kitchens."They're people who combine toughness,fairness and humour. Although a lot of people agree that there are somne natural-born leaders,most people now recognize that leadership can also be taught.Our professional and experienced staff can train almost anyone how to be a successful leader. Good leaders don't make people do things in a bossy,controlling way.You can learn how to involve everyone, encouraging the whole group to work towards a comnmon goal.4 Our training courses use activities and techniques to develop a range of qualities which are necessary to be a good leader. Self-confidence is vital and being able to overcome your own fears about being a leader. Successful leaders also need to be calm and intelligent.They need to be able to work out good strategies and make sound judgements under pressure.Lastly,and probably most importantly,good leaders need to be sensi- tive,sociable and be able to get on with a wide range of people.Good leadership is essentially the ability to influence others and good leaders allow all members of the group to contribute. Paragraph 2 ___________
[多选题]共用题干 Knowing Your Real Personality from Sleeping PositionsEveryone has got two personalities—the one that is shown to the world and the other that is secret and real.You don't show your secret personality when you're awake because you can control yourself,but when you're asleep,your sleeping position shows the real you.In a normal night,of course,you often change your sleeping positions.The important position that best shows your se-cret personality is the one that you go to sleep.If you go to sleep on your back,you're a very open person.You nbrmally trust people and you are easily influenced by new ideas.You don't like to make people unhappy,so you never ex-press your real feelings.You're quite shy and you aren't very confident.If you sleep on your stomach,you are a person who likes to keep secrets.You worry a lot and you're always easily becoming sad.You never want to change your ideas,but you are satisfied with your life the way it is.You usually live for today not for tomorrow.If you sleep on curled up,you are probably a very nervous person.You have a low opinion of yourself and often protect yourself from being hurt,so you are very defensive.You're shy and you don't usually like meeting people.You like to be on your own.If you sleep on your side,you have usually got a well-balanced personality.You know your strengths and weaknesses.You're usually careful.You have a confident personality.You sometimes feel worried,but you don't often get unhappy .You always say what you think,even if it makes people angry. Tina hardly tells her secrets to her friends.She probably goes to sleep______.
[多选题]共用题干 Working MothersCarefully conducted researches that have followed the children of working mothers have not been able to show any long-term problems,compared with children whose mothers stayed at home. My personal______(51)is that mothers should be allowed to work if they wish .Whether we like it or not,there are a______(52)of mothers who just have to work.There are those who have invested such a big part of their lives in establishing a career that they cannot ______(53)to see it lost.Then there are many who must work out of pure economic______ (54).Many mothers are not______(55)out to be full-time parents.After a few months at home with a much loved infant,they feel trapped and isolated.There are a number of options when it______(56)to choosing childcare.These range from child minders and nannies through to Granny or the kind lady______(57)the street.In reality,______(58),mnany parents don't have any choice;they have to accept anything they can get. Be prepared!Nomatter______(59)good the childcare may be,some children are go-ing to protest wildly if they are left.This is a______(60)normal stage of child development. Babies separate well in the first six months,but soon after that they start to get a crush on Mum and close family______(61).Make sure that in the first week you allow______(62)time to help your child settle in.All children are different. Some are independent,while others are more______(63)to their mothers.Remember that if you want to______(64)the best for your children,it's not the quantity of time you spend with them,it's the______(65)that matters. 59._________
[多选题]共用题干 第三篇Treat Teenagers with RespectMy husband Bill and I have received comments from other parents expressing their sympathies ever since Douglas's 14th birthday,since our son is a teenager now. We've heard a lot,such as "Well,when kids become teenagers,they are awful,just do your best to go through this tough period."or"I know he's a good child,but just wait,now that he's a teenager."I know that teenagers at times can be difficult to deal with,but I'm in my mid-thirties and I can also be tough.We are concerned about the future of our kids and want today's children to know that we do love and care them and that there are opportunities waiting for them. Nevertheless,when they just start their journey toward adulthood, we stand there expecting them to make mistakes."Just like we knew they would."We tell them to respect themselves and to say no to drugs,yet we are not setting a positive example by showing our respect for them,and fail to treat them with consideration and kindness.At times I have felt guilty of this behavior but I now realize that the more I see each person as a person,the more I am pleasantly surprised in some way or another. For instance,a few days ago Bill and I were having dinner at our favorite restaurant to celebrate my birthday and three teenage boys entered and sat down right beside us.The first thought came into my mind,I must admit,was,"Gosh, there goes our peaceful and quiet dinner."But,the fact proved I was very wrong!The three teenagers were quiet,well behaved and even left a nice tip for the waiters.Once I looked beyond their colored hair and the loose jeans that were practically falling off,I saw what fine people these young men were.Many parents are upset about the fact that teenagers adore sports stars and pop singers,yet they themselves,perhaps unknowingly,treat their kids with disrespect.As far as I think we really shouldn't complain unless we give them something better to go after. What was the author's first thought when three young men came into the restaurant?
[多选题]共用题干 HackingPeople tend to think of computers as isolated machines,working away all by themselves.Some do-personal computer without an outside link, like someone's hideaway(隐蔽的)cabin in the woods.But just as most of homes are tied to a community by streets,bus routes and electric lines,computers that exchange intelligence are part of a community-local,national and even global network joined by telephone connections.The computer network is a creation of the electric age,but it is based on old-fashioned trust. It cannot work without trust. A rogue loose(为所欲为的无赖)in a computer system called hacker(黑客)is worse than a thief entering your house. He could go through anyone's electronic mail or add to,change,distort or delete anything in the information stored in the computer's memory .He could even take control of the entire system by placing his own instructions in the software that runs it.He could shut the computer down whenever he wished,and no one could stop him.Then he could program the computer to erase any sign of his ever having been there.Hacking,our electronic- age term for computer break-in,is more and more in the news-brainy kids vandalizing university records, even pranking(胡闹)about in supposedly safeguard-ed systems.To those who understand how computer networks are increasingly regulating life in the late 20th century,these are not laughing matters.A potential for disaster is building:A dissatis- fled former insurance-company employee wipes out information from payroll(工资表)files. A student sends out a“virus”,a secret and destructive command,over a national network .The vi-rus copies itself at lightning speed,jamming the entire network-thousands of academic,commer-cial and government computer systems.Such disastrous cases have already occurred.Now exists the possibility of terrorism by computer. Spoiling a system responsible for air-traffic control at a busy airport,or knocking out the telephones of a major city,is a relatively easy way to spread panic .Yet neither business nor government has done enough to toughen its defenses against at-tack .For one thing,such defenses are expensive;for another,they may interrupt communica- tion—the main reason for using computers in the first place. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage as an instance of attack by a hacker?
[多选题]共用题干 Adult Education1.Voluntary learning in organized courses by mature men and women is called adult education. Such education is offered to make people able to enlarge and interpret their experience as adults. Adults may want to study something which they missed in earlier schooling,get new skills or job training,find out about new technological developments,seek better self-understanding,or develop new talents and skills.2.This kind of education may be in the form of self-study with proper guidance through the use of libraries,correspondence courses,or broadcasting. It may also be acquired collectively in schools and colleges,study groups,workshops,clubs and professional associations.3.Modern adult education for large numbers of people started in the 18th and 19th centuries with the rise of the Industrial Revolution.Great economic and social changes were taking place: people were moving from rural areas to cities;new types of work were being created in an expanding factory system.These and other factors produced a need for further education and re-education of adults.4.The earliest programs of organized adult education arose in Great Britain in the 1790s,with the founding of an adult school in Nottingham and a mechanics' institution in Glasgow. Benjamin Franklin and some friends found the earliest adult education institution in the U.S.in Philadelphia in 1727.5.People recognize that continued learning is necessary for most forms of employment today. For example,parts of the adult population in many countries find it necessary to take part in retraining programs at work or even to learn completely new jobs.Adult education programs are springing up constantly to meet these and other needs. Paragraph 3________
[多选题]共用题干 The Science of PersuasionIf leadership consists of getting things done through others,then persuasion is one of the leader's essential tools.Many executives have assumed that this tool is beyond their grasp,available only to the charismatic(有魅力的)and the eloquent. Over the past several decades , though , experimental psychologists have learned which methods reliably lead people to concede,comply,or change.Their research shows that persuasion is governed by several principles that can be taught and applied.The first principle is that people are more likely to follow someone who is similar to them than someone who is not.Wise managers,then,ask peers to help make their cases.Second,people are more willing to cooperate with those who are not only like them but who like them,as well.So it's worth the time to uncover real similarities and offer genuine praise.Third,experiments confirm the intuitive truth that people tend to treat you the way you treatthem.It's a sound policy to do a favor before seeking one.Fourth,individuals are more likely to keep promises they make voluntarily and clearly.The message for managers here is to get commitments in writing. Fifth,studies show that people really do defer to(服从)experts.So before they attempt to exert influence,executives should take pains to establish their own expertise and not assume that it's self-evident. Finally,people want more of a commodity when it's scarce;it follows,then, that exclusive information is more persuasive than widely available data. There is no need for a manager to find out the merits of his employees.
[多选题]共用题干 Careers for WomenIt is only seventy years since British women got the right to vote.Some people think this is the main reason why women are so under-represented in politics,trade unions and big businesses.Others feel it is simply because that they are much too busy doing other things.The old saying"a woman's place is in the home"may seem out of date to most people,but the old,fixed image of a woman as a supporting wife and caring mother is certainly still usual一one only has to watch a few television ads.In 1975 the law did not allow women to be paid less than men doing the same work.Certainly it is usually the case nowadays that women doing the same jobs as men get the same money for doing it. But generally women do not do the same jobs:they do different ones that offer lower salaries.In the United States,there are two million women entering the workforce every year. The new workers include all ages and backgrounds:teenagers,college students,young housewives,and older women who have lost their husbands.Altogether,more than half of the eighty-four million women inthe United States are now employed or seeking employment.Most of them are still holding tightly to the womanly jobs such as nursing,teaching,catering and office work jobs that can be seen as an extension of the mothering role.Although the areas women work in are almost all those of"service",a growing number of pioneers are venturing into other fields. They run business;they manage farms;they become astronauts, carpenters,lawyers,truck or taxi-drivers,coal miners,or politicians.They join the army or the navy.So far no woman has become president of the country;but that might happen,as indeed it has happened in other countries.Apart from looking after people during the day at work,women often have to take care of a family at home too,which may mean they have less energy to compete in the race for professional development. In almost every field,top positions are more likely to be filled by men. While most teachers are women,for example,most head masters are not.School cooks are women,head cooks are men and even cleaners tend to be watched over and directed by male caretakers. Many women are still playing the role of mother in their work.
[多选题]共用题干 AgingThroughout history man has had to accept the fact that all living things must die,but people now live longer than they used to.Yet all living things still show the________(51)of aging,which will eventually________(52)death.Aging is not a disease,but as a person passes maturity,the cells of the body and the________ (53) do not function as well as they did in childhood and adolescence(青春期).The body provides less________(54)against disease and is more likely________(55)have accident.A number of related causes may________(56)aging. Some cells of the body have a fairly long life,but they are not reborn when they die.As a person ages,________(57)of brain cells and muscle cells decreases.The other cells are replaced by new cells.In an aging person the________(58) cells and muscle cells may not be as viable(能生存的)or as capable________ ( 59 ) growth as those of a young person.Another________(60)in aging may be changes within the cells themselves.Some of the protein chemicals in cells are known________(61)with age and became less elastic.This is why the skin of old people wrinkles and________(62).This is also the reason old people________(63)in height. There may not be other more important chemical changes in the cells.Some complex cell chemicals, such as DNA and RNA,store and________(64)information that the cells need.Aging may affect this________(65)and change the information-carry molecules so that they do not transmit the information as well. _________(60)
[多选题]共用题干 第二篇Nuclear Power and Its DangerNuclear power's danger to health,safety,and even life itself can be summed up in one word:radiation.There is a certain mystery about nuclear radiation,partly because it cannot be detected by human senses. It can't be seen or heard,or touched or tasted,even though it may be all around us. There are other things like that. For example,radio waves are all around us but we can't detect them,sense them,without a radio receiver. Similarly,we can't sense radioactivity without a radiation detector. But unlike common radio waves,nuclear radiation is not harmless to human beingsand other living things.At very high levels,radiation can kill an animal or human being outright by killing masses of cells in vital organs.But even the lowest level of radiation can do serious damage.There is no level of radiation that is completely safe.If the radiation does not hit anything important,the damage may not be significant. This is the case when only a few cells are hit,and if they are killed outright,your body will replace the dead cells with healthy ones.But if the few cells are only damaged,and if they reproduce themselves,you may be in trouble.They reproduce themselves in a deformed way.Theycan grow into cancer. Sometimes this does not show up for many years.This is another reason for some of the mystery about nuclear radiation.Serious damage can be done without the victim being aware at the time that damage has occurred.A person can be irradiated and feel fine,then die of cancer five,ten,or twenty years later as a result. Or a child can be born weak or liable to serious illness as result of radiation absorbed by his grandparents.Radiation can hurt us.We must know the truth. The word"significant"in Paragraph 3 most probably means_______.
[多选题]共用题干 Kicking the HabitWhat is a bad habit?The most common definition is that it is something that we do regularly,almost without thinking about it,and which has some sort of negative consequence.This consequence could affect those around us,or it could affect us personally.Those who deny having bad habits are probably lying. Bad habits are part of what makes us human.Many early habits,like sucking our thumb,are broken when we are very young.We are either told to stop doing it by our parents,or we consciously or subconsciously observe that others do not have the same habit,and we gradually grow out of it.It is when we intentionally or unintentionally pick up new habits in our later childhood or early adulthood that it becomes a problem.Unless we can break that habit early on,it becomes a part of our life,and becomnes"programmed"into our brain.A recent study of human memory suggests that no matter how hard we try to change our habits,it is the old ways that tend to win,especially in situations where we are rushed,stressed or overworked.Habits that we thought we had got rid of can suddenly come back.During the study programme,the researchers showed a group of volunteers several pictures, and gave them words to associate with them.They then showed the volunteers the same pictures again,and gave them new words to associate with them.A few days later,the volunteers were given a test.The researchers showed them the pictures,and told them to respond with one of the words they had been given for each one.It came as no surprise that their answers were split between the first set of words and the second.Two weeks later,they were given the same test again.This time,most of them only gave the first set of words.They appeared to have completely forgottenthe second set.The study confirms that the responses we learn first are those that remain strongest over time.We may try to change out ways,but after a while,the response that comes to mind first is usually the first one we learned.The more that response is used,the more automatic it becomes and the harder it becomes to re- spond in any other way.The study therefore suggests that over time,our bad habits also become automatic,learned behaviour. This is not good news for people who picked up bad habits early in life and now want to change or break them.Even when we try to put new,good intentions into practice,those previously learned habits remain stronger in more automatic,unconscious forms of memory. Boys usually develop bad habits when they are very young.
[多选题]共用题干 第一篇The Making of a Success StoryIKEA is the world ' s largest furniture retailer , and the man behind it is Ingvar Kamprad , one of the world ' s most successful entrepreneurs (企业家 ).Born in Sweden in 1926 , Kamprad was a natural businessman.As a child , he enjoyed selling things and made small profits from selling matches , seeds , and pencils in his community.When Kamprad was 17 , his father gave him some money as a reward for his good grades.Naturally , he used it to start up a business-IKEA.Today IKEA is known for its modern , minimalist (极简单主义的) furniture , but it was not a furniture company in the beginning.Rather , IKEA sold all kinds of miscellaneous (五花八门的) goods , including watches , pens and stockings.IKEA first began to sell furniture through a mail-order catalogue in 1947.The furniture was all designed and made by manufacturers near Kamprad's home.Initial sales were very encouraging, so Kamprad expanded the product line.Furniture was such a successful aspect of the business that IKEA became solely a furniture company in 1951.In 1953 IKEA opened its first showroom in Almhult ,Sweden.IKEA is known today for its spacious stores with furniture in attractive settings , but in the early 1950s , people ordered from catalogues.Thus response to the first showroom was overwhelming : people loved being able to see and try the furniture before buying it.This led to increased sales and the company continued to thrive.By 1955 ,IKEA was designing all its own furniture.In 1956 , Kamprad saw a man disassembling a table to make it easier to transport.Kamprad was inspired.The man had given him a great idea , flat packaging.Flat packaging would mean lower shipping costs for IKEA and lower prices for customers.IKEA tried it and sales soared.The problem was that people had to assemble furniture themselves , but over time , even this grew into an advantage for IKEA.Nowadays , IKEA is often seen as having connotations of self-sufficiency.This image has done wonders for the company , leading to otter sales and continued expansion.Today there are over 200 stores in 32 countries.Amazingly , Ingvar Kamprad has managed to keep IKEA privately-held company.In 2004 he was named the world ' s richest man.He currently lives in Switzerland id is retired from the day-to-day operations of IKEA.IKEA itself, though , just keeps on growing. The passage is developed primarily in terms of_______.
[多选题]共用题干 第三篇Britain's Solo SailorEllen MacArthur started sailing when she was eight,going out on sailing trips with her aunt.She loved it so much that she saved her money for three years to buy her first small sailing boat. When she was 18,she sailed alone around Britain and won the"Young Sailor of the Year" award.But Ellen really became famous in 2001.Aged only 24,she was one of the only two women who entered the Vendee Globe round the world solo race,which lasted 100 days.Despite many problems,she came second in the race out of 24 competitors and she was given a very warm welcome when she returned.Ambition and determination have always been a big part of Ellen's personality.When she was younger, she lived in a kind of hut(棚屋)for three years while she was trying to get sponsorship to compete in a trails- atlantic race.Then she took a one-way ticket to France,bought a tiny seven meter Class Mini yacht,slept under it while she was repairing it,and then she raced it 4,000 kilometers across the Atlantic in 1997,alone for 33 days.Ellen has had to learn many things,because sailing single一handed means that she has to be her own cap- tamn,electrician,sailmaker,engineer,doctor,journalist,cameraman and cook.She also has to be very fit,and because of the dangers of sleeping for long periods of time while she's in the middle of the ocean,she hastrained herself to sleep for about 20 minutes at a time.And she needs courage. Once,In the middle of the ocean,she had to climb the mast(桅杆)of a boat to repair the sails一at four o'clock in the morning,with 100 kph winds blowing around her. It took her many hours to make the repairs;Ellen says:"I was exhausted when I came down.It's hard to describe how it feels to be up there.It's like trying to hold onto a big pole,which for me is just too big to get my arms around,with someone kicking you all the time and trying to shake you off."But in her diary , Ellen also describes moments which make it all worthwhile(值得的):" A beautiful sunrise started the day,with black clouds slowly lit by the bright yellow sun.I have a very strong feeling of pleasure,being out here on the ocean and having the chance to live this.I just feel lucky to be here." The word"solo"in the title could be best replaced by__________.

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