[单选题]Based on an average reference CO2 emission from existing container vessels, the CO2 emission from new container vessels in gram per dwt per nautical mile must be ______ the reference emission figures valid for the specific container vessel.
[单选题]The heat from the _______of the incinerator will dry out and start burning the solid waste and/or ignite the sludge oil.
[单选题]The outlet from an expansion tank of a closed freshwater cooling system should be piped to the_____.
[单选题]______ are to be carried out on all ships instead of the second or third annual survey within 3 months before or after either one of the anniversary date, after completion, commissioning or special survey, as appropriate.
[问答题]There are several very important principles which, when applied, have been shown to produce highly effective management systems. Some of these principles have not been made part of ISM Code, partly because they go beyond compliance and serve to influence managers to take greater leadership roles in their company, their industry, and in the world at large. However, these principles are found in award criteria, such as the prestigious, Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award and in the U.S. Coast Guard's William Benkert Marine Environment Protection Award. Award criteria provide a means to evaluate companies and their management systems, so they must be able to measure up to an ideal level. The following should be considered by each manager who wants to set up a highly effective (world class) Safety Management System: (1) Strategically plan for safety (optimize for long term, (prioritize ]or short term). (2) Integrate safety into every process; make it produce a Return-On-Investment. (3) Correctly reward innovative solutions, particularly those that fix the root cause of a problem. (4) Measure safety in internal procedures and “Beta test” solutions before full implementation. (5) Focus On people in all processes; make procedures easy to follow and equipment easy to use. (6) Be prevention focused by aggressively plugging up liability loopholes and by being responsible. (7) Establish safety leadership through education and training.
[单选题]The primary task of the compressed air system is to deliver the starting air necessary for ____.