[多选题]根据以下资料，回答61-65题。 2008年全国共登记科技成果35971项，比上年增长5．27％。其中，地方登记27653项，增长5．24％：国务院有关部门登记8318项，增长5．37％。 成果完成单位按成果数量排序依次是：企业13301项，比上年增长8．85％；大专院校7700项，比上年增长1．42％；独立科研机构6047项，比上年下降3．45％；医疗机构4783项，比上年下降0．13％。 在年度登记的30847条应用科技成果中。共获得10284项发明专利授权。其中，企业占57．56％．大专院校占25．76％，独立科研机构占13．18％。新制定标准数为2769项，其中国际标准251项．国家标准765项，行业标准688项，地方标准313项，企业标准752项。 2008年独立研究机构完成的科技成果中获得发明专利授权的比重为（）。
[单选题]在西方近代史上，德意志民族似乎在很多事情上都比较，哲学领域也是如此。当由培根肇始的英国经验论和由笛卡尔创立的大陆威力论之间的激烈争论形成了西方近代哲学的第一次高潮时，德国的哲学讲坛依然被早已腐朽不堪的经院哲学着： 填入画横线部分最恰当的一项是( )。
[单选题]Consumers are being confused and misled by the hodge-podge of environmental claims made by household products, according to a "green labeling" study published by Consumers International Friday. Among the report's more outrageous findings--a German fertilizer described itself as "earthworm friendly" a brand of flour said it was "non-polluting" and a British toilet paper claimed to be "environmentally friendlier". The study was written and researched by Britain's National Consumer Council (NCC) for lobby group Consumer International. It was funded by the German and Dutch governments and the European Commission. "While many good and useful claims are being made, it is clear there is a long way to go in ensuring shoppers are adequately informed about the environmental impact of products they buy." said Consumers International director Anna Fielder. The lO-country study surveyed product packaging in Britain, Western Europe, Scandinavia and the United States. It found that products sold in Germany and the United Kingdom made the most environmental claims on average. The report focused on claims made by specific products, such as detergent insect sprays and by some garden products. It did not test the claims, but compared them to labeling guidelines set by the International Standards Organization (ISO) in September,1999. Researchers documented claims of environmental friendliness made by about 2,000 products and found many too vague or too misleading to meet ISO standards. "Many products had specially-designed labels to make them seem environmentally friendly, but in fact many of these symbols mean nothing." said report researcher Philip Page. "Laundry detergents made the most number of claims with 158. Household cleaners were second with 145 separate claims, while paints were third on our list with 73. The high numbers show how very confusing it must be for consumers to sort the true from the misleading." he said. The ISO labeling standards ban vague or misleading claims on product packaging, because terms such as "environmentally friendly" and "non-polluting" can not be verified. "What we are now pushing for is to have multinational corporations meet the standards set by the ISO." said Page. It can be inferred from the passage that the lobby group Consumer International wants to__________.