[单选题]Every day, they slowly accumulate. Plates covered in sauces and bread pieces. Bowls with a fine layer of who-knows-what. Forks, knives, and spoons all stuck with bits of this and that. At the end of a long day of work, cooking, cleaning, and, for many, negotiating with small children, a couple has to 46 the big question: Who is going to do the 47 ? A recent report on family dynamics suggests that the answer to that question can have a significant impact 48 the health and long lasting of a relationship. The study examined a variety of different household tasks, 49_ shopping, laundry and housecleaning, and found that, for women in families, ifs more important to 50 the responsibility of doing the dishes than any other task. Women who wash the vast majority of the dishes themselves report 51 relationship conflict and less relationship satisfaction than women with husbands 52 help. Women are happier about sharing dishwashing 53 than they are about sharing any other household task. What is it about dishes? Dan Carlson, assistant professor of family and consumer studies at the University of Utah, and the lead author of the study, offers his own observations: “Doing dishes is gross. 54 , unlike some other household tasks such as cooking or gardening, doing dishes well does not 55 praises.”
[单选题]In the past, falling oil prices have given a boost to the world economy, but recent forecasts for global growth have been toned down, even as oil prices sink lower and lower.Does that mean the link between lower oil prices and growth has weakened? Some experts say there are still good reasons to believe cheap oil should heat up the world economy. Consumers have more money in their pockets when they’re paying less at the pump.They spend that money on other things, which stimulates the economy. The biggest gains go to countries that import most of their oil like China, Japan, and India.But doesn’t the extra money in the pockets of those countries’consumers mean an equal loss in oil producing countries, cancelling out the gains? Not necessarily, says economic researcher Sara Johnson.“Many oil producers built up huge reserve funds when prices were high, so when prices fall they will draw on their reserves to support government spending and subsidiesfor their consumers.” But not all oil producers have big reserves, In Venezuela, collapsing oil prices have sent its economy into free-fall. Economist Carl Weinberg believes the negative effects of plunging oil prices are overwhelming the positive effects of cheaper oil.The implication is a sharp decline in global trade, which has plunged partly because oil-producing nations can’t afford to import as much as they used to. Sara Johnson acknowledges that the global economic benefit from a fall in oil prices today is likely lower than it was in the past.One reason is that more countries are big oil producers now, so the nations suffering from the price drop account for a larger share of the global economy. Consumers, in the U.S.at least, are acting cautiously with the savings they’re getting at the gas pump, as the memory of the recent great recession is still fresh in their mind.And a number of oil-producing countries are trimming their gasoline subsidies and raising taxes, so the net savings for global consumers is not as big as the oil price plunge might suggest. Why haven’t falling oil prices boosted the global economy as they did before?
[单选题]Section B Directions : In, this section there is one incomplete interview which has four blanks an,d four choices A, B, C an,d D, taken from the interview. Fill in, each of the blanks with one of the choices to complete the interview and mark your answer on, the Answer Sheet. Yorke: You've talked about finding meaning in suffering. What do you mean by that? McGrow: Everybody at some point is going to have misfortune. I think if we don't learn from that,becomes tuition. I draw a lot on my personal experiences. It's hard 7 But if you use it, then it be*for people to deceive me, 8 Yorke: Are there families who come on your show but whom you feel you just can't help? McGrow: I never think that I'm doing eight-minute cures on television. But I think that 50 percent of the solution to any problem lies in defining it first. I can be an emotional compass that points them down the path, but 9 Yorke: What would you say is the greatest value system that you have? McGrow: 10 0ur family and its properties, needs, values, come before everything else-work, recreation, whatever.
[单选题]In social life, time plays a very important part. In the U.S.A.72if the invitation to a dinner party is extended only three or four days before the party date. But it is not true in all countries. In other areas of the world,73to make an appointment too far in advance because plans which are made for a date more than a week away tend to be forgotten. The meaning of time differs in different parts of the world. Thus, 74 that treat time differently; promptness is valued highly in American life, for example. If people are not prompt, they may be regarded as impolite or not fully responsible. In the U.S.75waiting for an hour; it would be too impolite.
[单选题]Curiously, some two-and-a-half years and two novels later,65. has turned my tired excuse into an absolute reality.66 of the philosophy of "having it all" preached by Linda Kelsey for the past seven years in the page of She magazine, into a woman who is happy to settle for a bit of everything. I have discovered, as perhaps Kelsey will after her much-publicized resignation from the editorship of She after a build-up of stress, that abandoning the doctrine of "juggling your life" , and making the alternative move into " downshifting" brings with it far greater rewards than financial success and social status.67Kelsey used to advocate and I once enjoyed: 12 hour working days, pressured deadlines, the fearful strain of office politics and the limitations of being a parent on "quality time".
[单选题]Section A Directions:In this section there are two incomplete dialogues and each dialogue has three blanks and three choices A, B and C, taken from the dialogue. Fill in each of the blanks with one of the choices to complete the dialogue and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet. Dialogue Two M: Do you like to travel? W: Oh yes，I love going to new and interesting places. M: What do you think of the idea of a one-way trip to Mars? W: M: Well, this is what is being planned at the moment by a company in the Netherlands. They are planning to send people to Mars and the people who go would never be able to come back to Earth. W: M: What is interesting about it is that this would be a one-way trip. W: Why is this a one-way trip? M:  Although we do have the knowledge and technology to get people to Mars，we can't get them back.
[单选题]Sea horses are unusual parents. The female sea horses lay the eggs，but unlike other creatures，it’s the males that give birth to the young. Male sea horse have a fold of skin on their bellies that forms a pocket，called a brood pouch. During the breeding season，the sea horse’s pouch swells to receive eggs. A female sea horse lays up to 200 eggs at a time in the pouch. Then she swims off，leaving her male partner to care for the developing eggs and give birth to young sea horses. The female will return every day to check on her mate and the eggs，but she doesn’t stay long，nor does she take part in the birth. It takes from two to six weeks for the eggs in the male’s pouch to develop. During this time the male avoids open water and hides in sea grass. His big pouch makes it difficult for him to swim，so the male often uses his tail to grasp a piece of sea grass. Firmly，gripping the grass，he will stay perfectly still for hours or even days. The male sea horse will change his color to blend with his surroundings and avoid being seen by predators who will try to eat him or poke holes in his pouch to get the eggs. The eggs hatch inside the male’s pouch. When the babies begin moving around，the male sea horse knows it’s time for them to be born. He grabs a sea grass stem with his tail and begins rocking，bending，and stretching his body back and forth． This causes the opening to enlarge until it is wide enough for the first baby sea horse to shoot out. The father sea horse continues rocking，bending，and stretching his body so that the rest of the babies can be born. Sometimes he has to press his pouch against a rock or some stiff seaweed to force the young out. Sea horse babies are born in groups of five or more. Sometimes it takes two days for the father sea horse to give birth to all his young. He is very tired when it’s over. Soon after giving birth to one brood，the male will approach his mate and show her his empty pouch. This tells her he is ready to receive eggs again. 36. What part does the female sea horse play in having babies？
[单选题]As technology makes new ways of writing possible, new ways of reading are possible. Interconnectivity ______59_________ that was barely imaginable before.Where traditional books had to make do with photographs and illustrations, an e-book ______60_________ to texts, pictures, and videos. In the future, the way people write novels, history, and philosophy ______61_________.
[单选题]Clerk: Hello, Mr.Summerfield.How are you today? Mr.Summerfield: Very well.Thank you, Ms.Green. Clerk: What can I do for you? Mr.Summerfield: Well, unfortunately, there is a problem with the order we received from you yesterday. It seems we haven't seen the right quantity of manuals to support the telephone system. Clerk:（4）__________________.I'm very sorry to hear that, and you don't know how many packs are without manuals? Mr.Summerfield: No, because we haven't opened every pack.But in several of those that have been opened there are none, no manuals. Clerk:（5）__________________.We'll send out the manuals this afternoon by express mail entirely at our cost, and the manuals should arrive tomorrow or the day after at the latest.Mr.Summerfield: All of them, right? Clerk: Yes.（6）__________________, but we cannot be sure.So the best thing is to send out the manual for every pack. Mr.Summerfield: Yes.Yes, I see.That would be great. Clerk: Please accept our apologies for this mix-up.I assure you we will do everything possible to find out why the mistake happened. Mr.Summerfield: Right.Thanks for your swift action. Clerk: Not at all.Thank you and goodbye for now.
[单选题]Directions: In this part, there is a passage with ten blanks. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer for each blank and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet. In order to work here the foreigner needs a work permit, which must be applied for by his prospective employer. The problem here is that the Department of Employment has the right t0 46 0r refuse these permits, and there is little that can be 47 about it, it would be extremely unwise for a foreign visitor to work without a permit, since anyone doing so is 48 to immediate deportation. There are some exceptions to this rule, most notably people from the Common Market countries, who are 49 to work without permits and who are often given temporary residence permits of up to five years. Some 50 people, such as doctors, foreign journalists, authors and others, can work without_permits. The problem with the Act is not just that some of its rules are 51 but 52 it is administered, and the people who administer it. An immigration official has the power to stop a visitor 53 these shores coming into the country. If this happens the visitor has the 54 to appeal to the Immigration Appeal Tribunal. 55 the appeals are being considered, the visitor has no choice but to wait sometimes for quite a long time.
[单选题]Americans are proud of their variety and individuality, yet they love and respect few things more than a uniform, whether it is the uniform of an elevator operator or the uniform of a five-star general. Why are uniforms so popular in the United States? Among the arguments for uniforms, one of the first is that in the eyes of most people they look more professional than civilian (百姓的) clothes.People have become conditioned to expect superior quality from a man who wears a uniform.The television repairman who wears a uniform tends to inspire more trust than one who appears in civilian clothes.Faith in the skill of a garage mechanic is increased by a uniform.What easier way is there for a nurse, a policeman, a barber, or a waiter to lose professional identity (身份) than to step out of the uniform? Uniforms also have many practical benefits.They save on other clothes.They save on laundry bills.They are tax—deductible (可减税的).They are often more comfortable and more durable than civilian clothes. Primary among the arguments against uniforms is their lack of variety and the consequent loss of individuality experienced by people who must wear them.Though there are many types of uniforms, the wearer of any particular type is generally stuck with it, without change, until retirement.When people look alike, they tend to think, speak, and act similarly, on the job at least. Uniforms also give rise to some practical problems.Though they are long—lasting, often their initial expense is greater than the cost of civilian clothes.Some uniforms are also expensive to maintain, requiring professional dry cleaning rather than the home laundering possible with many types of civilian clothes. People are accustomed to thinking that a man in uniform _______.
[单选题]Methods of studying vary; what works 46 for some students doesn't work at all for others. The only thing you can do is experiment 47 you fmd a system that does work for you. But two things are sure: 48 else can do your studying for you, and unless you do find a system that works, you won't get through college. Meantime, there are a few rules that 49 for everybody. The hint is "don't get 50 ".The problem of studying, 51 enough to start with, becomes almost 52 when you are trying to do three 53 m one weekend. 54 the fastest readers have trouble 55 that. And if you are behind in written work that must be tumed in, the teacher who accepts it too late will probably not give you good credit. Perhaps he may not accept it at all. Getting behind in one class because you are spending so much time on another is really no excuse.
[单选题]A recent report on population trend conducted by the think tank of the Worldwatch Institute identifies signs of slowing growth in some countries.It says populations in 32 countries-all in the industrialized world-have stabilized because of declining birthrates.But in a handful of developing countries where population is slowing, the cause isn’t something to 46 , because more people are dying. This trend is called “population fatigue,” and it’s beginning in many of the developing countries that have experienced 47 birthrates and sharp population growth for several decades.Governments in these countries are now having trouble dealing with feeding, housing and educating an increasing number of children, while at the same time confronting the falling water table,deforestation and soil erosion that rapid population growth brings.In these countries any new threat-infectious disease, drought or famine-can become a full-blown crisis.AIDS is a case 48.WHO estimates calculate that one-quarter of the adult population of Zimbabwe and Botswana are infected with the AIDS virus, 49 ,these countries stands to lose at least one-quarter of their labor force in the next decade from AIDS alone, a situation 50 since the yellow fever swept through Europe in the 14 th century.Social unrest is also increasing in these countries.One example is the 51 conflict between the Tutsis and the Hutus in Rwanda, where population pressures reduced cropland 52 where it could no longer feed those who lived on it.Demands on the world fisheries and shared water resources are likely to spark similar conflicts.Already the waters of the Nile are so heavily used that little reaches the Mediterranean, so any increase in demand or 53 in allocation will also increase tensions. The bottom line is that human population growth is 54 to slow one way or the other. Developing societies will either recognize problems on the horizon and act to encourage smaller families-or unchecked births will have their 55 in rising death rates.