[单选题]“Across the rest of America, packing for college usually means gathering up books, clothes and maybe an iPod.Here in gun-loving Texas, it could soon mean packing heat.That's because a bill heading for likely approval in the state Legislature would allow gun owners who are licensed to carry concealed weapons to bring their firearms onto the state's college and university campuses -- zones where the carrying of any weapons is now strictly prohibited.What a horrible idea! A college campus is supposed to be a special environment, not an armed camp.For me, introducing firearms into college environments already saturated with youthful impulsiveness, social anxieties and alcohol is an invitation for trouble.” Comment 1: Risky.Main issue I had at college was not enough lights and campus police around.If that were solved, I'd feel safer. Comment 2: I believe that doing so is asking for more gun violence on campuses.Just because you have the right to carry doesn't mean you should. Comment 3: Risky.It is a heavy responsibility that leaves no room for error. Comment 4: Concealed weapons can enable other crimes such as sexual assault.Just equip each classroom with an alarm. Comment 5: Please point out a single case of a concealed permit holder committing a crime on a college campus where it was legal to carry.I'll help you, you won't find one because it hasn't happened.I studied this while I was in college and spoke to the public safety directors of every college which allowed concealed carry at the time.None of them were aware of a single incident by a concealed permit holder. Comment 6: Do we believe that allowing students to carry loaded firearms on campus will REDUCE gun violence on campus? Only a fool would think so.And while you may be able to point to a rare event where guns might have prevented a violent incident, the risk you run in allowing students to walk around armed far outweighs the possible benefits.It's, just crazy to arm college students. Comment 7: As for your "rare event where guns may have prevented a violent incident", what you really mean is "rarely publicized and not tracked by law enforcement like a crime is." It is estimated that there are 100 million legally, privately owned handguns in the US and that handguns may be used as often as 2 million times per year in legal defense incidents.Handguns are used illegally to kill people about 30,000 times per year.That means that each year, 99,970,000 handguns didn't kill anyone. What’s the writer’s attitude towards allowing students to carry guns legally on campus in the blog?
[单选题]Section A Directions: In this section., there are four passages followed by questions or unjinished statements, each with four suggested answers A, B, C an,d D. Choose the best answer arzd mark your answer on the Answer Sheet. Passage One Telecommuting-substituting the computer for the trip to the job-has been hailed as a solution to all kinds of problems related to office work. For workers it promises freedom from the office, less time wasted in traffic, and help with child-care conflicts. For management, telecommuting helps keep high performers on board, minimizes lateness and absenteeism by eliminating commuters, allows periods of solitude for high-concentration tasks, and provides scheduling flexibility. In some areas, such as Southern California, Seattle, and Washington, local governments are encouraging companies to start telecommuting programs in order to reduce rush-hour traffic and improve air quality. But these benefits do not come easily. Making a telecommuting program work requires careful planning and an understanding of the differences between telecommuting realities and popular images. Many workers are seduced by rosy illusions of life as a telecommuter. A computer programmer from New York City moves to the quiet Adirondack Mountains and stays in contact with her office via computer. A manager comes into his office three days a week and works at home the other two. An accountant stays home to care for her sick child; she hooks up her telephone modern connections and does office work between calls to the doctor. These are powerful images, but they are a limited reflection of reality. Telecommuting workers soon Learn that it is almost impossible to concentrate on work and care for a young child at the same time. Before a certain age, young children cannot recognize, much less respect, the necessary boundaries between work and family. Additional child support is necessary if the parent is to get any work done. Management, too, must separate the myth from the reality. Although the media has paid a great deal of attention to telecommuting, in most cases it is the employee's situation, not the availability of technology, that precipitates a telecommuting arrangement. That is partly why, despite the widespread press coverage, the number of companies with work-at- home programs of policy guidelines remains small. Which of the following is an example of telecommuting as described in the passage?
[单选题]Section A Directions: In this section there are two incomplete dialogues and each dialogue has three blanks and three choices A, B and C, taken from the dialogue. Fill in each of the blanks with one of the choices to complete the dialogue and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.Clerk: May I help you? Customer: Yes. I’d like to send this letter to my family in England. Clerk: Did you write your return address on the envelope? Customer: Yes, I did. Clerk: 1 Customer: I guess I’ll send it airmail. Clerk: 2 Customer: Yes. I enclosed a check and some photographs. Clerk: Then you’d better send it by registered mail. Customer: That’s a good ideA.3 Clerk: I’m sorry, sir. You’ll have to take your letter to the next window.Winnie: Oh, man! Nobody can stand this kind of scorching heat. Marc: Absolutely! 4 Winnie: Anyway, I guess this afternoon there’s nothing we can do but stay home. Marc: 5 I don’t want to be taken to the hospital for heat exhaustion or something Winnie: 6 Drink a lot of liquids and spare yourself the worst of the heat! Marc: Yeah, you’re right. Got to drink a lot of fluids.Interviewer: You have published six popular books. 7 Interviewee: Yeah. Interviewer: So how has being the first billion author affected your perception of yourself? Interviewee: I dress better. Well, you can definitely afford better clothes. 8 I think the single biggest thing that money gave me-and obviously I came from a place where I was a single mother and it really was hand to mouth at one point. It was literally as poor as you can get without being homeless at one point. 9 Never. Interviewer: Are you in a place now where you can accept that you will always be rich? Interviewee: No. Interviewer: And will you be writing more? Interviewee: Oh, definitely. I can’t, yeah, 10 Well, I mean, you could tie my hands to my sides, I suppose, but I have to write. For my own mental health I need to write. 9选择?
[单选题]Last year, I went WWOOFing (Willing Workers on Organic Farms) at a beautiful organic farm in La Reunion. With WWOOFing, volunteers exchange their time and work for food and accommodation. I slept in a cabin in thewoods with hedgehogs (刺猬) digging about in the bushes, all different coloured birds singing in the morning and endless rows of palm trees offering shade from the sun, For me, one of the best ways to get to know a new place is to work with the land, live with the locals and share meals together. This is why I absolutely love WWOOFing. It has got to be one of the best ways to travel. It is a mutually beneficial exchange where everyone involved prioritises people and environment above profit. You get the time and space to deepen a connection with local communities and nature. There is a lot to learn and each farm has its own unique way of doing things, depending on the environment, climate and soil. At the farm in La Reunion we planted palm trees to harvest the core of the trunk which can be eaten in salads. Before staying with the farm I had only eaten heart of palm from cans which were nothing in comparison to the real thing, fresh from the grounD.When potting up the very beginnings of the palm trees, I felt grateful to be a part of the start of the trees’ cycle. I was filled with awe that something so small could grow into something so big and strong. We also did lots of weeding, which helped me to get to know all kinds of different plants, to be able to identify which ones we could use as herbs/medicine/in salads anD.Which were seen as uneatable. I also got to harvest pineapples and guava fruit (番石榴) to make jams which will be sold at the local market. Of course, not everyone is able to travel far away into the fielD.The great thing about the skill-share philosophy behind WWOOFing is that it’s something we can all do from our own backyarD.The focus shifts from money to how we can best support each other in our communities. A fair exchange can make a big difference in the world. The author did all of the following on the organic farm EXCEPT
[单选题]Alpha Go’s victory over Go(围棋)champion Lee Se-dol reportedly shocked artificial intelligence experts, who thought such an event was 10 to 15 years away. But if the timing was a surprise, the outcome was not. On the contrary, it was inevitable and entirely foreseeable. Playing complex games is precisely what computers do supremely well. Just as they beat the world champions at checkers (跳棋) and then chess, they were destined to beat the champion at Go. Yet I don’t believe, as some do, that human defeats like this one presage an era of mass unemployment in which awesomely able computers leave most of us with nothing to do. Advancing technology will profoundly change the nature of high-value human skills and that is threatening, but we aren’t doomed. The skills of deep human interaction, the abilities to manage the exchanges that occur only between people,will only become more valuable. Three of these skills stand out. The first, the foundation of the rest, is empathy, which is more than just feeling someone else’s pain. It’s the ability to perceive what another person is thinking or feeling, and to respond in an appropriate way. The second is creative problem-solving in groups. Research on group effectiveness shows that the key isn’t team cohesion or motivation or even the smartest member’s IQ; rather, it’s the social sensitivity of the members,their ability to read one another and keep anyone from dominating. The third critical ability, somewhat surprisingly, is storytelling, which has not traditionally been valued by organizations. Charts, graphs and data analysis will continue to be important, but that’s exactly what technology does so well. To change people’s minds or inspire them to act, tell them a story. These skills, though basic to our humanity, are fundamentally different from the skills that have been the basis of economic progress for most of human history, such as logic, knowledge and analysis, which we learned from textbooks and in classrooms. By contrast, the skills of deep human interaction address the often irrational reality of how human beings behave, and we find them not in textbooks but inside ourselves. As computers master ever more complexity, that’s where we’ll find the source of our continued value. complexity, that’s where we’ll find the source of our continued value.
[单选题]Serenity (宁静)is difficult to find in today’s fast-paced world. A moment of complete calm seems to be a rare and wonderful find. For me, those precious moments occur on a boat. As legendary sailor Vito Dumas once said: “It’s out there at sea that you are really yourself.” On deck, enjoying awe-inspiring views, the cares of everyday life blown away on the sea breeze, you can appreciate his point. Flying is a misery. From airport chaos to the confined space of an aircraft, nothing about commercial aviation appeals to my sense of adventure—or comfort. Favouring boat travel isn't just about managing flight fear, though. Whether I’m on a short ferry crossing or a cruise, the sea provides a true sense of travel, from the impressive physical shift of a ship leaving port to its navigation of the open water. “We are tied to the ocean,”John F. Kennedy said.As my ship steers towards an exciting new destination, I feel that affinity. And I’m not alone.“The journey is part of the holiday,”says travel writer Helen Ochyra. I’ll stand out on deck, whatever the weather, and watch the ropes being untied, the boat slipping away from the dock and the landscape drifting farther and farther away.” Tom Bourlet,founder of the Spaghetti Traveller blog, agrees: “On a plane,it’s difficult to make out much more than grassland; on the ferry, there is something exciting about seeing land slowly getting closer.” For Cathy Winston, travel editor, ifs about the sense of adventure .“Even on a fairly simple journey from A to B, she says, “wide wide, open sea makes it feel like you could be off to discover new lands. There’s a certain romance you don’t get on a plane or on a motorway.” Winston also values the family-friendly aspects of sea travel. “There's something so relaxing about being on the water, especially with kids,” she says. Whether it’s for kid-happy convenience or sheer romance, boats will always be the preferred mode of transport for many travellers. A boat gets me where I want to go, avoiding the rush—and terror— of air travel. And out on the waves, as reality melts away, I always rediscover my own passion for the sea. According to Tom Bourlet, sea travel is better than air travel in that it
[单选题]If there is one thing scientists have to hear,it is that the game is over. Raised on the belief of an endless voyage of discovery,they recoil(畏缩)from the suggestion that most of the best things have already been located. If they have,today’s scientists can hope to contribute no more than a few grace notes to the symphony of science. A book to be published in Britain this week,The End of Science,argues persuasively that this is the case. Its author,John Horgan,is a senior writer for Scientific American magazine,who has interviewed many of today’s leading scientists and science philosophers. The shock of realizing that science might be over came to him,he says,when he was talking to Oxford mathematician and physicist Sir Roger Penrose. The End of Science provoked a wave of denunciation(谴责)in the United States last year.“The reaction has been one of complete shock and disbelief.”Mr. Horgan says. The real question is whether any remaining unsolved problems,of which there are plenty,lend themselves to universal solutions. If they do not,then the focus of scientific discovery is already narrowing. Since the triumphs of the 1960s—the genetic code,plate tectonics(板块构造说),and the microwave background radiation that went a long way towards proving the Big Bang—genuine scientific revolutions have been scarce. More scientists are now alive,spending more money on research,that ever. Yet most of the great discoveries of the 19th and 20th centuries were made before the appearance of state sponsorship,when the scientific enterprise was a fraction of its present size. Were the scientists who made these discoveries brighter than today’s?That seems unlikely. A far more reasonable explanation is that fundamental science has already entered a period of diminished returns.“Look,don’t get me wrong,”says Mr. Horgan.“There are lots of important things still to study,and applied science and engineering can go on for ever. I hope we get a cure for cancer,and for mental disease,though there are few real signs of progress.” 68. There have not been many genuine scientific revolutions in the past few decades because .
[单选题]Section B Directions : In t.his section, you are required to read several excerpts from newspapers and magazines. These excerpts are followed by question.s or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers A, B, Cand D. Choose the best answer and mark your answer on, the Answer Sheet. Excerpt l : I saw a television advertisement recently for a new product called an air sanitizer. A woman stood in her kitchen, spraying the empty space in front of her as though using Mace against an imaginary assailant. She appeared very determined. Where others are satisfied .~-ith antibacterial-laced sponges, dishsoaps, hand sanitizers and telephone wipes, here was a woman who sought to sterilize the air itself. Excerpt 2 : During the early stages of the Industrial Revolution, advertising was a relatively straightforward means of announcement and communication and was used mainly to promote novelties and fringe products. But when factory production got into full suing and new products, e. g. processed foods, came ontothe market, national advertising campaigns and brand naming of products became necessary. Before large-scale factory production, the typical manufacturing unit had been small and adaptable and the task of distributing and selling goods had largely been undertaken by wholesalers. The small non-specialized factory which did not rely on massive investment in machinery had been flexible enough to adapt its production according to changes in public demands. Excerpt 3 : Money spent on advertising is money spent as well as any I know of. It serves directly to assist a rapid distribution of goods at reasonable price, thereby establishing a firm home market and so making it possible to provide for export at competitive prices. By drawing attention to new ideas it helps enormously to raise standards of living. Excerpt 4 : Search advertising-the small t.ext-ads that appear alongside Google and Yahoo Searches-account for 40% of the online ad market. Another 20% goes to display ads and 18% to classified advertising. But search advertising can also work like a small ad and will increasingly challenge print classifieds as websites provide localized and more elaborate services for online users. Excerpt 5 : This year the combined advertising revenues of Google and Yahoo will rival the combined primetime ad revenues of America's three big television networks, ABC, CBS and NBC predicts Advertising Age. It will, says the trade magazine, represent a "watershed moment" in the evolution of the Internet as an advertising medium. A 30-second prime-time TV ad was once considered the most effective-and the most expensive-form of advertising. But that was before the Internet got going. And this week online advertising made another leap forward. Excerpt 6 : Advertising does more for the material benefit of the community than any other force I can think of. There is one more point I feel I ought to touch on. Recently I heard a well-known television personalitydeclare t.hat he was against advertising because it persuades rather than informs. He was drawing excessively fine distinctions. Of' course advertising seeks t,o persuade. If its message were confined merely to information-and that in itself would be difficult if not impossible to achieve, for even a detail such as the choice of the colour of a shirt is subtly persuasive-advertising would be so boring that no one would pay any attention, But perhaps that is what the well-known television personality wants. The challenge that newspapers faced from the website is
[单选题]Chicago Public Schools are going to great lengths to hire teachers—now the school district recruits teachers from other countries to help solve a shortage of teachers.It all started in 1999, when Youses Hannon, a math and physics teacher from Palestine(巴勒斯坦), visited Chicago. He read about the teacher shortage at Chicago Public Schools and asked the school board if they’d hire him. The board was interested and decided to create a special program for foreign-born teachers like Hannon, and he was the first teacher hired. The program is called the Global Educator Outreach or GEO, and it’s a partnership between Chicago Public Schools and the U.S.Government.Because the teacher shortage in Chicago is so extreme, the Government allows the school district to temporarily hire foreign teaching candidates using H1-B visas.The Government grants these visas only to skilled foreign-born citizens so they can work in highly specialized jobs that can’t be filled with available U.S. workforce. Through the GEO, the school district has hired dozens of teachers from 22 different countries. Applicants must pass an English language test and specialize in math, science, world language or bilingual(双语的)education.Hannon and the first GEO teachers started in the classroom at the beginning of the 2000-2001 school year. What do the GEO teachers think of the American classroom? Hannon, who was hired to teach math at Gage Park High School, says classrooms in Chicago are very different from those in Palestine.For one thing, he says, the fixed schedule that forces students to attend the same classes at the same time each day becomes too dull.In Palestine, the class schedule changes each week.He says in Palestine, the culture forces students to work hard because if they don’t they’ll be kicked out and put in vocational schools, which limits their career options.There is not nearly as much pressure for American students to do well.He says he has to do double the amount of work just to get his students interested. Hannon, as a GEO teacher, has found that