[单选题]请阅读短文,完成第小题。 BRITISH universities can be depressing. The teachers complain about their pay and students worry they will end up frying burgers or jobless. Perhaps they should try visiting McDonald's University in London's East Finchley. Students are often "rough and ready", with poor qualifications and low self-esteem. But ambition-igniting murals display the ladder of opportunity that leads from the grill to the comer office (McDonald's chief executives have always started at the bottom). A map of the world shows the seven counterpart universities. Cabinets display trophies such as the Sunday Times award for being one of Britain's best 25 employers. McDonald's is one of Britain's biggest trainers. It gets about 1 million applicants a year, accepting only one in 15, and spends ~40m($61m) a year on training. The Finchley campus, opened by Margaret Thatcher, then the local MP, in 1989, is one of the biggest training centres in Europe--many of the classrooms are equipped with booths for interpreters. It is part of a bigger system. An employee's web-portal, Our Lounge, provides training as well as details about that day's shifts, and allows employees to compete against each other in work-related video games. The focus is on practicalities. A retired policeman conducts a fast-paced class on conflict management. He shows a video of a woman driven mad by the fact that you cannot get chicken McNuggets at breakfast time. He asks the class if they have ever had a difficult customer, and every hand goes up. Students are then urged to share their advice. Self-esteem and self-management are on the syllabus, too. Steven Covey's" Seven Habits of Highly Effective People" is a popular test. A year-long apprenticeship program emphasizing English and maths leads to a nationally recognized qualification. Mcdonald's has paid for almost 100iople to get degrees from Manchester Metropolitan university. The company professes to be unfazed by the fact that many alumni will end up working elsewhere. It needs to train people who might be managing a business with a 5 million turnover by Ihtir mid-2Os. It also needs to satisfy the company's appetite for senior managers, one of whom will eventually control the entire global McDonald's empire. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the underlined word "unfazed" in the last PARAGRAPH? 查看材料
[单选题]请阅读Passage l。完成第小题。 Passage 1 Unless you spend much time sitting in a college classroom or browsing through certain areas of the Internet, it's possible that you had not heard of trigger warnings until a few weeks ago, when they made an appearance in the Times. The newspaper explained that the term refers to preemptive alerts, issued by a professor or an institution at the request of students, indicating that material presented in class might be sufficiently graphic to spark symptoms of post-traumatic-stress disorder. The term seems to have originated in online feminist forums, where trigger warnings have for some years been used to flag discussions of rape or other sexual violence. The Times piece, which was skeptically titled "Warning: The Literary Canon Could Make Students Squirm," suggested that trigger warnings are moving from the online fringes to the classroom, and might be more broadly applied to highlight in advance the distress or offense that a work of literature might cause. "Huckleberry Finn" would come with a warning for those who have experienced racism; "The Merchant of Venice" would have an anti-Semitism warning attached. The call from students for trigger warnings was spreading on campuses such as Oberlin, where a proposal was drafted that would advise professors to"be aware of racism, classism, sexism, and other issues of privilege and oppression" in devising their syllabi; and Rutgers, where a student argued in the campus newspaper that trigger warnings would contribute to preserving the classroom as a"safe space" for students. Online discussion of trigger warnings has sometimes been guardedly sympathetic, sometimes critical. Jessica Valenti has noted on The Nation's website that potential triggers for trauma are so manifold as to be beyond the possibility of cataloguing : "There is no trigger warning for living your life." Some have suggested that a professor's ability to teach would be compromised should it become commonplace for"The Great Gatsby" to bear a trigger warning alerting readers to the disgusting characters and incidents within its pages. Others have worried that trigger-warning advocates, in seeking to protect the vulnerable, run the risk of disempowering them instead. "Bending the world to accommodate our personal frailties does not help us overcome them", Jenny Jarvie wrote on The New Republic's online site. Jarvie's piece, like many others on the subject, cited the University of California, Santa Barbara, as a campus where champions of trigger warnings have made significant progress. Earlier this year, students at U.C.S.B. agreed upon a resolution recommending that such warnings be issued in instances where classroom materials might touch upon "rape, sexual assault, abuse, self-injurious behavior, suicide, and graphic violence". The resolution was brought by a literature student who said that, as a past victim of sexual violence, she had been shocked when a teacher showed a movie in class which depicted rape, without giving advance notice of the content. The student hoped to spare others the possibility of experiencing a post-traumatic-stress reaction. The trigger-warning debate may, by comparison, seem hard to understand; but express a larger cultural preoccupation with achieving safety, and a fear of living in its absence. The hope that safety might be found, as in a therapist's office, in a classroom where literature is being taught is in direct contradiction to one purpose of literature, which is to give expression through art to difficultanduncomfortableideas,andtherebytoenlargethereader'sexperienceand comprehension. The classroom can never be an entirely safe space, nor, probably, should it be. But it's difficult to fault those who hope that it might be, when the outside world constantly proves itself pervasively hostile, as well as, on occasion, horrifically violent. Which of the following groups of people are most in favor of "trigger warnings"? 查看材料
[问答题]根据题目要求完成下列任务。用中文作答。 阅读所给材料,回答下列三个问题: (1)这两份材料分别属于哪种语篇类型?(6分) (2)这两份材料分别适合于哪种课堂教学?说明理由(至少写出两个要点)。(12分) (3)分析教师选用文本材料时需要考虑的基本要素(至少写出三个要点)。(12分) 材料1 Tom: Hello Alice. I'm interested in your work saving birds! What do you think is the most difficult part of your work? Alice: Well ... I suppose it's saving wild birds covered in oil. That's the most difficult of all. Tom: How does that happen? Alice: The oil comes from boats. It floats on the water and covers the bird's feathers when they swim through it. Tom: That sounds terrible. What do you do about it? Alice: The first thing we do is to make sure the bird hasn't tried to clean itself with its beak. As it does so, the bird eats some oil and becomes sick. Tom: Oh dear! Do the birds always die? Alice: Sometimes ... but we try to save them. Birds use their feathers like a raincoat to keep out cold water. When feathers are covered in oil, they stick together and a bird's skin gets cold in the water. So without help the bird would die of cold! 材料2 Scientists have discovered that when chimpanzees have stomach pains, typically because of intestinal parasites, they look for a certain plant to eat, Lippea. It is common in the jungles where chimpanzees live, and it contains chemical substances effective against many parasites. Lippea is not the only natural medicine in the chimpanzees' cabinet. They may actually use up to thirty different plants--for different problems. Interestingly, the local people make use of many of the same plants for medical purposes. It is almost certain that chimpanzees discovered these herbal remedies before humans.