英语学科知识与教学能力【中学】

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[单选题]请阅读Passage l,完成此题。 Passage 1 When asked by Conan if his daughters had smart phones, comedian Louis CK explained that he had successfully fended them off by simply replying, "No, you can' t have it. It is bad for you." He instantly became my hero as I was mired in difficult negotiations with my ten-year-old daughter over one. And frankly, she was winning. Was it possible to say no to my daughter, as CK suggested? I hadn't even known I was allowed to, if the guinea pigs, the dogs, and things for her doll Molly were any indication. CK rationalized, "I am not raising the children. I'm raising the grown-ups that they are going to be. So just because the other stupid kids have phones doesn't mean that my kid has to be stupid." Now I knew I didn't want my kid to grow up stupid like her friends. I needed to explain this to her. This is what CK told Conan and me. Cell phones are "toxic, especially for kids," he said, because they don't help them learn em-pathy, one of the nicer human emotions. When we text, we don't see or hear a visceral reaction. The response we get is cold and hard text-message. "Why are kids mean?" He asked. "Because they're trying it out. They look at another kid and say, 'You're fat.' Then they see the kid's face scrunch up and think that doesn't feel good." Texting "you're fat" allows you to bypass the pain. CK went on to explain that smart phones rob us of our ability to be alone. Kids use smart phones to occupy their time: Must text! Must play game! Must look up more tiny socks online for Molly!!! CK asked, what happened to zoning out? After all, one of the joys of being human is allowing our minds to wander, with cell phones, kids are always preoccupied. They never daydream, except in class. And here's something else we're missing: our right to be miserable. This was a right I hadn't realized I desired until CK pointed out that it's another essential human emotion. CK gave the example of driving by yourself and suddenly realizing that you're alone. Not "Oh,guess I can't use the lane" alone. Dark, brooding sadness causes so many drivers to grab that smart phone and reach out to another living soul. "Everybody's murdering each other with their cars" as they text because they dread being alone. Too bad--they're missing out on a life-affirming experience. "I was in my car one time, and Bruce Springsteen's 'Jungle land' came on. He sounds so far away, making me really sad. And I think I've got to get the phone and write hi to 50 people. I was reaching for the phone, and I thought, don't! Just be sad." So CK pulled over and allowed himself to sob like a little girl denied a nice thing for her American Girl doll. "It was beautiful. Sadness is poetic. You're lucky to live sad moments," he said. Because he didn't fight it and allowed himself to be miserable, his body released endorphins. "Happiness rushed in to meet the sadness. I was grateful to feel sad, and then I met it with true profound happiness. The thing is, because we don't want that first bit of sad, we push it away with that little phone. So you never feel completely sad or completely happy. You just feel kind of satis-fied. And then you die. That's why I don't want to get phones for my kids". And I suppose I don't either. What does the underlined word "one" in PARAGRAPH TWO refer to? 查看材料
[单选题]请阅读Passage l。完成第小题。 Passage 1 They came to the United States as children with little idea, if any, of what it meant to overstay a visa. They enrolled in public schools, learned English, earned high school diplomas. Like many of their classmates, they pondered college choices. But as undocumented immigrants in Maryland, they then had to confront the reality that they must pay two to three times what former high school classmates pay to attend the state's public colleges. It is a rule that, for many students of modest means, puts a college education out of reach, with one exception : Montgomery College. That is why Josue Aguiluz, 21, born in Honduras, and Ricardo Campos, 23, born in E1 Salvador--and numerous others like them--landed at the community college. There, they study and wait for a verdict from Maryland voters on a Nov. 6 ballot measure that may determine whether they can afford to advance to a four-year college. "I know people in Maryland believe in education," Campos said the other day at the student center on the Rockville campus. "I know they are going to vote for Question 4. I'm hanging on their vote." Question 4 asks voters to affirm or strike down a law that the legislature passed last year,known as Maryland's version of the "Dream Act," which granted certain undocumented immigrants the ability to obtain in-state tuition at public colleges and universities. The subsidy comes with conditions. Among them: To take advantage, students must first go to a two-year community college. The law was pushed to a referendum after opponents mounted a lightning petition drive that showed the depth of division over illegal immigration across the state and the nation. Critics say discounting tuition for students who lack permission to be in the country is an unjustified giveaway of what they believe will amount to tens of millions of tax dollars a year. "When an undocumented student enters the system, it is a net loss of revenue," said Del. Patrick L. McDonough. "It is a simple mathematical argument. Put your emotion and your passion aside, and get out your calculator." There is no count of the number of students statewide who would be eligible for benefits under the law. Estimates range from several hundred to a few thousand. A Washington Post poll this month found that a solid majority of likely voters favored the law: 59 percent support it, and 35 percent are opposed. If the law is affirmed, Maryland would join about a dozen other states with laws or policies providing in-state tuition benefits to undocumented immigrants. Texas became the first in 2001. Experts say Maryland's version is the only one that requires students to go through community college first. That means the state's 16 community colleges could become a pipeline for undocumented students in public higher education if the measure is approved. Montgomery College is already a magnet for such students. It offers the same low tuition to any student who graduated within the past three years from a Montgomery County high school. Whom does "our two" in PARAGRAPH 7 refer to? 查看材料
[单选题]请阅读短文,完成第小题。 Photographer Teresa Berg replaces a Rottweiler's collar with a pink scarf. She picks a string of pearls to complement a dachshund's coat. She is taking glamour shots of shelter dogs, hoping her spiffed-up subjects will be adopted more quickly."Most photos show dogs in cages, looking dirty, and mangy," says Berg. "I consider my work like an antismoking campaign. We have to make adopting cool." Her father wouldn't allow her a dog of her own as a kid. He did, however, show her how to use a camera. Together, they took pictures and developed them at his office. Living in Dallas at 24, Berg found her perfect roommate on the street: a Border collie-Shetland sheepdog mix she named Gpsy. Berg always has a soft spot for the ones that don't have anyone to love. For years, she worked as a real estate agent, but she quit in 2006 to launch a photography business. Searching the Internet for a dog to adopt as a companion for Max, her Pomeranian, she was instantly put off by the photos online:"They had dirty laundry, dirty dishes, and empty pizza boxes in the background," she says. Berg finally found Flash, a 12-year old long-haired dachshund who was a Dallas rescue dog. She went to pick him up and ended up volunteering to take pictures of all the rescued dogs there for free. As more dogs went to the program, she took their pictures too. In the following year, after the photos went up on the website of the Dallas-Fort Worth Dachshund Rescue, the group's director noticed that adoptions had doubled compared with last year. She attributed this to the professional photos. "When dogs are adopted that quickly, it makes room for others off the streets, "Berg says. Over the years, Berg has developed some tricks to snap flattering pictures: position dogs so that light falls on their faces, and shoot at eye level. In 2011, hoping to inspire more photographers, Berg posted video seminars on focusonrescue.com. About 75 people per month now watch her offer tips for taking quality pet photos. She's gratified to see the recent wave of well-shot dog photography on shelter websites and social-media sites. In the past couple of years, Berg has added two dogs to the Dallas home she shares with Flash and her husband: a dachshund named Jasper and a Pomeranian named Maggie:"I want to take all the shelter dogs home; that's the hard part," Berg says."I have a particular affinity for dogs with gray muzzles." What does the underlined word "muzzles" in the last PARAGRAPH most probably mean? 查看材料
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